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authorOmar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>2018-01-18 14:23:23 -0800
committerDavid Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>2018-03-06 11:28:37 +0100
commitcfa89b30821fedb48ca163a9c1128c4db596c911 (patch)
treebf04b519f0b9df71f542ec2ee8d9cbc2f4869dff /libbtrfsutil
parent0b8512b7f5a6106efcab371471c472572a55367e (diff)
libbtrfsutil: add btrfs_util_create_snapshot()
Thanks to subvolume iterators, we can also implement recursive snapshot fairly easily. Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com> Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'libbtrfsutil')
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/btrfsutil.h59
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/python/btrfsutilpy.h1
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/python/module.c11
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/python/subvolume.c49
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_qgroup.py10
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_subvolume.py55
-rw-r--r--libbtrfsutil/subvolume.c167
7 files changed, 352 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/btrfsutil.h b/libbtrfsutil/btrfsutil.h
index 09a71c3..ccb2c17 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/btrfsutil.h
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/btrfsutil.h
@@ -391,6 +391,65 @@ enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_subvolume_fd(int parent_fd,
uint64_t *async_transid,
struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit);
+/**
+ * BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_RECURSIVE - Also snapshot subvolumes beneath the
+ * source subvolume onto the same location on the new snapshot.
+ *
+ * Note that this is currently implemented in userspace non-atomically. Because
+ * it modifies the newly-created snapshot, it cannot be combined with
+ * %BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_READ_ONLY. It requires appropriate privilege
+ * (CAP_SYS_ADMIN).
+ */
+#define BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_RECURSIVE (1 << 0)
+/**
+ * BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_READ_ONLY - Create a read-only snapshot.
+ */
+#define BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_READ_ONLY (1 << 1)
+#define BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_MASK ((1 << 2) - 1)
+
+/**
+ * btrfs_util_create_snapshot() - Create a new snapshot from a source subvolume
+ * path.
+ * @source: Path of the existing subvolume to snapshot.
+ * @path: Where to create the snapshot.
+ * @flags: Bitmask of BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_* flags.
+ * @async_transid: See btrfs_util_create_subvolume(). If
+ * %BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_RECURSIVE was in @flags, then this will contain
+ * the largest transaction ID of all created subvolumes.
+ * @qgroup_inherit: See btrfs_util_create_subvolume().
+ *
+ * Return: %BTRFS_UTIL_OK on success, non-zero error code on failure.
+ */
+enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_snapshot(const char *source,
+ const char *path, int flags,
+ uint64_t *async_transid,
+ struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit);
+
+/**
+ * btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd() - See btrfs_util_create_snapshot().
+ */
+enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd(int fd, const char *path,
+ int flags,
+ uint64_t *async_transid,
+ struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit);
+
+/**
+ * btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd2() - Create a new snapshot from a source
+ * subvolume file descriptor and a target parent file descriptor and name.
+ * @fd: File descriptor of the existing subvolume to snapshot.
+ * @parent_fd: File descriptor of the parent directory where the snapshot should
+ * be created.
+ * @name: Name of the snapshot to create.
+ * @flags: See btrfs_util_create_snapshot().
+ * @async_transid: See btrfs_util_create_snapshot().
+ * @qgroup_inherit: See btrfs_util_create_snapshot().
+ */
+enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd2(int fd, int parent_fd,
+ const char *name,
+ int flags,
+ uint64_t *async_transid,
+ struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit);
+
struct btrfs_util_subvolume_iterator;
/**
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/python/btrfsutilpy.h b/libbtrfsutil/python/btrfsutilpy.h
index 79ac2ee..59c7e99 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/python/btrfsutilpy.h
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/python/btrfsutilpy.h
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ PyObject *set_subvolume_read_only(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds
PyObject *get_default_subvolume(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds);
PyObject *set_default_subvolume(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds);
PyObject *create_subvolume(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds);
+PyObject *create_snapshot(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds);
void add_module_constants(PyObject *m);
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/python/module.c b/libbtrfsutil/python/module.c
index 9a23714..3f0f617 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/python/module.c
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/python/module.c
@@ -216,6 +216,17 @@ static PyMethodDef btrfsutil_methods[] = {
"path -- string, bytes, or path-like object\n"
"async -- create the subvolume without waiting for it to commit to\n"
"disk and return the transaction ID"},
+ {"create_snapshot", (PyCFunction)create_snapshot,
+ METH_VARARGS | METH_KEYWORDS,
+ "create_snapshot(source, path, recursive=False, read_only=False, async=False)\n\n"
+ "Create a new snapshot.\n\n"
+ "Arguments:\n"
+ "source -- string, bytes, path-like object, or open file descriptor\n"
+ "path -- string, bytes, or path-like object\n"
+ "recursive -- also snapshot child subvolumes\n"
+ "read_only -- create a read-only snapshot\n"
+ "async -- create the subvolume without waiting for it to commit to\n"
+ "disk and return the transaction ID"},
{},
};
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/python/subvolume.c b/libbtrfsutil/python/subvolume.c
index 6c38458..a158ade 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/python/subvolume.c
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/python/subvolume.c
@@ -349,6 +349,55 @@ PyObject *create_subvolume(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds)
Py_RETURN_NONE;
}
+PyObject *create_snapshot(PyObject *self, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwds)
+{
+ static char *keywords[] = {
+ "source", "path", "recursive", "read_only", "async",
+ "qgroup_inherit", NULL,
+ };
+ struct path_arg src = {.allow_fd = true}, dst = {.allow_fd = false};
+ enum btrfs_util_error err;
+ int recursive = 0, read_only = 0, async = 0;
+ int flags = 0;
+ QgroupInherit *inherit = NULL;
+ uint64_t transid;
+
+ if (!PyArg_ParseTupleAndKeywords(args, kwds, "O&O&|pppO!:create_snapshot",
+ keywords, &path_converter, &src,
+ &path_converter, &dst, &recursive,
+ &read_only, &async,
+ &QgroupInherit_type, &inherit))
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (recursive)
+ flags |= BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_RECURSIVE;
+ if (read_only)
+ flags |= BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_READ_ONLY;
+
+ if (src.path) {
+ err = btrfs_util_create_snapshot(src.path, dst.path, flags,
+ async ? &transid : NULL,
+ inherit ? inherit->inherit : NULL);
+ } else {
+ err = btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd(src.fd, dst.path, flags,
+ async ? &transid : NULL,
+ inherit ? inherit->inherit : NULL);
+ }
+ if (err) {
+ SetFromBtrfsUtilErrorWithPaths(err, &src, &dst);
+ path_cleanup(&src);
+ path_cleanup(&dst);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ path_cleanup(&src);
+ path_cleanup(&dst);
+ if (async)
+ return PyLong_FromUnsignedLongLong(transid);
+ else
+ Py_RETURN_NONE;
+}
+
typedef struct {
PyObject_HEAD
struct btrfs_util_subvolume_iterator *iter;
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_qgroup.py b/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_qgroup.py
index 19e6b05..74fc46b 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_qgroup.py
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_qgroup.py
@@ -31,6 +31,16 @@ class TestQgroup(BtrfsTestCase):
btrfsutil.create_subvolume(subvol, qgroup_inherit=inherit)
+ def test_snapshot_inherit(self):
+ subvol = os.path.join(self.mountpoint, 'subvol')
+ snapshot = os.path.join(self.mountpoint, 'snapshot')
+
+ inherit = btrfsutil.QgroupInherit()
+ inherit.add_group(5)
+
+ btrfsutil.create_subvolume(subvol)
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot, qgroup_inherit=inherit)
+
class TestQgroupInherit(unittest.TestCase):
def test_new(self):
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_subvolume.py b/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_subvolume.py
index b43beca..2951154 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_subvolume.py
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/python/tests/test_subvolume.py
@@ -129,6 +129,13 @@ class TestSubvolume(BtrfsTestCase):
self.assertEqual(info.stime, 0)
self.assertEqual(info.rtime, 0)
+ subvol_uuid = info.uuid
+ snapshot = os.path.join(self.mountpoint, 'snapshot')
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot)
+
+ info = btrfsutil.subvolume_info(snapshot)
+ self.assertEqual(info.parent_uuid, subvol_uuid)
+
# TODO: test received_uuid, stransid, rtransid, stime, and rtime
for arg in self.path_or_fd(self.mountpoint):
@@ -215,6 +222,54 @@ class TestSubvolume(BtrfsTestCase):
self.assertTrue(os.WIFEXITED(wstatus))
self.assertEqual(os.WEXITSTATUS(wstatus), 0)
+ def test_create_snapshot(self):
+ subvol = os.path.join(self.mountpoint, 'subvol')
+
+ btrfsutil.create_subvolume(subvol)
+ os.mkdir(os.path.join(subvol, 'dir'))
+
+ for i, arg in enumerate(self.path_or_fd(subvol)):
+ with self.subTest(type=type(arg)):
+ snapshots_dir = os.path.join(self.mountpoint, 'snapshots{}'.format(i))
+ os.mkdir(snapshots_dir)
+ snapshot = os.path.join(snapshots_dir, 'snapshot')
+
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot + '1')
+ self.assertTrue(btrfsutil.is_subvolume(snapshot + '1'))
+ self.assertTrue(os.path.exists(os.path.join(snapshot + '1', 'dir')))
+
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, (snapshot + '2').encode())
+ self.assertTrue(btrfsutil.is_subvolume(snapshot + '2'))
+ self.assertTrue(os.path.exists(os.path.join(snapshot + '2', 'dir')))
+
+ if HAVE_PATH_LIKE:
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, PurePath(snapshot + '3'))
+ self.assertTrue(btrfsutil.is_subvolume(snapshot + '3'))
+ self.assertTrue(os.path.exists(os.path.join(snapshot + '3', 'dir')))
+
+ nested_subvol = os.path.join(subvol, 'nested')
+ more_nested_subvol = os.path.join(nested_subvol, 'more_nested')
+ btrfsutil.create_subvolume(nested_subvol)
+ btrfsutil.create_subvolume(more_nested_subvol)
+ os.mkdir(os.path.join(more_nested_subvol, 'nested_dir'))
+
+ snapshot = os.path.join(self.mountpoint, 'snapshot')
+
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot + '1')
+ # Dummy subvolume.
+ self.assertEqual(os.stat(os.path.join(snapshot + '1', 'nested')).st_ino, 2)
+ self.assertFalse(os.path.exists(os.path.join(snapshot + '1', 'nested', 'more_nested')))
+
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot + '2', recursive=True)
+ self.assertTrue(os.path.exists(os.path.join(snapshot + '2', 'nested/more_nested/nested_dir')))
+
+ transid = btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot + '3', recursive=True, async=True)
+ self.assertTrue(os.path.exists(os.path.join(snapshot + '3', 'nested/more_nested/nested_dir')))
+ self.assertGreater(transid, 0)
+
+ btrfsutil.create_snapshot(subvol, snapshot + '4', read_only=True)
+ self.assertTrue(btrfsutil.get_subvolume_read_only(snapshot + '4'))
+
def test_subvolume_iterator(self):
pwd = os.getcwd()
try:
diff --git a/libbtrfsutil/subvolume.c b/libbtrfsutil/subvolume.c
index 4f71cb0..28b38e5 100644
--- a/libbtrfsutil/subvolume.c
+++ b/libbtrfsutil/subvolume.c
@@ -838,6 +838,173 @@ out_iter:
return err;
}
+static enum btrfs_util_error snapshot_subvolume_children(int fd, int parent_fd,
+ const char *name,
+ uint64_t *async_transid)
+{
+ struct btrfs_util_subvolume_iterator *iter;
+ enum btrfs_util_error err;
+ int dstfd;
+
+ dstfd = openat(parent_fd, name, O_RDONLY);
+ if (dstfd == -1)
+ return BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_OPEN_FAILED;
+
+ err = btrfs_util_create_subvolume_iterator_fd(fd, 0, 0, &iter);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ char child_name[BTRFS_SUBVOL_NAME_MAX + 1];
+ char *child_path;
+ int child_fd, new_parent_fd;
+ uint64_t tmp_transid;
+
+ err = btrfs_util_subvolume_iterator_next(iter, &child_path,
+ NULL);
+ if (err) {
+ if (err == BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_STOP_ITERATION)
+ err = BTRFS_UTIL_OK;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* Remove the placeholder directory. */
+ if (unlinkat(dstfd, child_path, AT_REMOVEDIR) == -1) {
+ free(child_path);
+ err = BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_RMDIR_FAILED;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ child_fd = openat(fd, child_path, O_RDONLY);
+ if (child_fd == -1) {
+ free(child_path);
+ err = BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_OPEN_FAILED;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ err = openat_parent_and_name(dstfd, child_path, child_name,
+ sizeof(child_name),
+ &new_parent_fd);
+ free(child_path);
+ if (err) {
+ SAVE_ERRNO_AND_CLOSE(child_fd);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ err = btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd2(child_fd, new_parent_fd,
+ child_name, 0,
+ async_transid ? &tmp_transid : NULL,
+ NULL);
+ SAVE_ERRNO_AND_CLOSE(child_fd);
+ SAVE_ERRNO_AND_CLOSE(new_parent_fd);
+ if (err)
+ break;
+ if (async_transid && tmp_transid > *async_transid)
+ *async_transid = tmp_transid;
+ }
+
+ btrfs_util_destroy_subvolume_iterator(iter);
+out:
+ SAVE_ERRNO_AND_CLOSE(dstfd);
+ return err;
+}
+
+PUBLIC enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_snapshot(const char *source,
+ const char *path,
+ int flags,
+ uint64_t *async_transid,
+ struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit)
+{
+ enum btrfs_util_error err;
+ int fd;
+
+ fd = open(source, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd == -1)
+ return BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_OPEN_FAILED;
+
+ err = btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd(fd, path, flags, async_transid,
+ qgroup_inherit);
+ SAVE_ERRNO_AND_CLOSE(fd);
+ return err;
+}
+
+PUBLIC enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd(int fd,
+ const char *path,
+ int flags,
+ uint64_t *async_transid,
+ struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit)
+{
+ char name[BTRFS_SUBVOL_NAME_MAX + 1];
+ enum btrfs_util_error err;
+ int parent_fd;
+
+ err = openat_parent_and_name(AT_FDCWD, path, name, sizeof(name),
+ &parent_fd);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ err = btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd2(fd, parent_fd, name, flags,
+ async_transid, qgroup_inherit);
+ SAVE_ERRNO_AND_CLOSE(parent_fd);
+ return err;
+}
+
+PUBLIC enum btrfs_util_error btrfs_util_create_snapshot_fd2(int fd,
+ int parent_fd,
+ const char *name,
+ int flags,
+ uint64_t *async_transid,
+ struct btrfs_util_qgroup_inherit *qgroup_inherit)
+{
+ struct btrfs_ioctl_vol_args_v2 args = {.fd = fd};
+ enum btrfs_util_error err;
+ size_t len;
+ int ret;
+
+ if ((flags & ~BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_MASK) ||
+ ((flags & BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_READ_ONLY) &&
+ (flags & BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_RECURSIVE))) {
+ errno = EINVAL;
+ return BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
+ }
+
+ if (flags & BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_READ_ONLY)
+ args.flags |= BTRFS_SUBVOL_RDONLY;
+ if (async_transid)
+ args.flags |= BTRFS_SUBVOL_CREATE_ASYNC;
+ if (qgroup_inherit) {
+ args.flags |= BTRFS_SUBVOL_QGROUP_INHERIT;
+ args.qgroup_inherit = (struct btrfs_qgroup_inherit *)qgroup_inherit;
+ args.size = (sizeof(*args.qgroup_inherit) +
+ args.qgroup_inherit->num_qgroups *
+ sizeof(args.qgroup_inherit->qgroups[0]));
+ }
+
+ len = strlen(name);
+ if (len >= sizeof(args.name)) {
+ errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
+ return BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
+ }
+ memcpy(args.name, name, len);
+ args.name[len] = '\0';
+
+ ret = ioctl(parent_fd, BTRFS_IOC_SNAP_CREATE_V2, &args);
+ if (ret == -1)
+ return BTRFS_UTIL_ERROR_SUBVOL_CREATE_FAILED;
+
+ if (async_transid)
+ *async_transid = args.transid;
+
+ if (flags & BTRFS_UTIL_CREATE_SNAPSHOT_RECURSIVE) {
+ err = snapshot_subvolume_children(fd, parent_fd, name,
+ async_transid);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ return BTRFS_UTIL_OK;
+}
+
PUBLIC void btrfs_util_destroy_subvolume_iterator(struct btrfs_util_subvolume_iterator *iter)
{
if (iter) {