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authorWang Shilong <wangsl.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>2013-09-21 16:34:18 +0800
committerChris Mason <chris.mason@fusionio.com>2013-10-16 08:23:08 -0400
commit7985fe64e0e290d6107bc4218920238928300010 (patch)
tree405340b03e06f4596237f5b2cb99e4e39d046a0c /super-recover.c
parent39813fb7ac3e622b25f27dcd78e98242e121011e (diff)
Btrfs-progs: add super-recover to recover bad supers
Until now if one of device's first superblock is corrupt,btrfs will fail to mount. Luckily, btrfs have at least two superblocks for every disk. In theory, if silent corrupting happens when we are writting superblocks into disk, we must hold at least one good superblock. One side effect is that user must gurantee that the disk must be a btrfs disk. Otherwise, this tool may destroy other fs.(This is also reason why btrfs only use first superblock in every disk to mount) This little program will try to correct bad superblocks from good superblocks with max generation. There will be five kinds of return values: 0: all supers are valid, no need to recover 1: usage or syntax error 2: recover all bad superblocks successfully 3: fail to recover bad superblocks 4: abort to recover bad superblocks Signed-off-by: Wang Shilong <wangsl.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Chris Mason <chris.mason@fusionio.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'super-recover.c')
-rw-r--r--super-recover.c346
1 files changed, 346 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/super-recover.c b/super-recover.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5920ea6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/super-recover.c
@@ -0,0 +1,346 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Fujitsu. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
+ * License v2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
+ * License along with this program; if not, write to the
+ * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
+ * Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
+ */
+
+#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500
+#define _GNU_SOURCE 1
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <uuid/uuid.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+
+#include "kerncompat.h"
+#include "ctree.h"
+#include "disk-io.h"
+#include "list.h"
+#include "utils.h"
+#include "crc32c.h"
+#include "volumes.h"
+#include "commands.h"
+
+struct btrfs_recover_superblock {
+ struct btrfs_fs_devices *fs_devices;
+
+ struct list_head good_supers;
+ struct list_head bad_supers;
+
+ u64 max_generation;
+};
+
+struct super_block_record {
+ struct list_head list;
+
+ char *device_name;
+ struct btrfs_super_block sb;
+
+ u64 bytenr;
+};
+
+static
+void init_recover_superblock(struct btrfs_recover_superblock *recover)
+{
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&recover->good_supers);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&recover->bad_supers);
+
+ recover->fs_devices = NULL;
+ recover->max_generation = 0;
+}
+
+static
+void free_recover_superblock(struct btrfs_recover_superblock *recover)
+{
+ struct btrfs_device *device;
+ struct super_block_record *record;
+
+ if (!recover->fs_devices)
+ return;
+
+ while (!list_empty(&recover->fs_devices->devices)) {
+ device = list_entry(recover->fs_devices->devices.next,
+ struct btrfs_device, dev_list);
+ list_del_init(&device->dev_list);
+ free(device->name);
+ free(device);
+ }
+ free(recover->fs_devices);
+
+ while (!list_empty(&recover->good_supers)) {
+ record = list_entry(recover->good_supers.next,
+ struct super_block_record, list);
+ list_del_init(&record->list);
+ free(record->device_name);
+ free(record);
+ }
+
+ while (!list_empty(&recover->bad_supers)) {
+ record = list_entry(recover->bad_supers.next,
+ struct super_block_record, list);
+ list_del_init(&record->list);
+ free(record->device_name);
+ free(record);
+ }
+}
+
+static int check_super(u64 bytenr, struct btrfs_super_block *sb)
+{
+ int csum_size = btrfs_super_csum_size(sb);
+ char result[csum_size];
+ u32 crc = ~(u32)0;
+
+ if (btrfs_super_bytenr(sb) != bytenr)
+ return 0;
+ if (sb->magic != cpu_to_le64(BTRFS_MAGIC))
+ return 0;
+
+ crc = btrfs_csum_data(NULL, (char *)sb + BTRFS_CSUM_SIZE,
+ crc, BTRFS_SUPER_INFO_SIZE - BTRFS_CSUM_SIZE);
+ btrfs_csum_final(crc, result);
+
+ return !memcmp(sb, &result, csum_size);
+}
+
+static int add_superblock_record(struct btrfs_super_block *sb, char *fname,
+ u64 bytenr, struct list_head *head)
+{
+ struct super_block_record *record;
+
+ record = malloc(sizeof(struct super_block_record));
+ if (!record)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ record->device_name = strdup(fname);
+ if (!record->device_name) {
+ free(record);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ memcpy(&record->sb, sb, sizeof(*sb));
+ record->bytenr = bytenr;
+ list_add_tail(&record->list, head);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+read_dev_supers(char *filename, struct btrfs_recover_superblock *recover)
+{
+ int i, ret, fd;
+ u8 buf[BTRFS_SUPER_INFO_SIZE];
+ u64 max_gen, bytenr;
+ /* just ignore errno that were set in btrfs_scan_fs_devices() */
+ errno = 0;
+
+ struct btrfs_super_block *sb = (struct btrfs_super_block *)buf;
+
+ fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY, 0666);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -errno;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < BTRFS_SUPER_MIRROR_MAX; i++) {
+ bytenr = btrfs_sb_offset(i);
+ ret = pread64(fd, buf, sizeof(buf), bytenr);
+ if (ret < sizeof(buf)) {
+ ret = -errno;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ ret = check_super(bytenr, sb);
+ if (ret) {
+ ret = add_superblock_record(sb, filename, bytenr,
+ &recover->good_supers);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ max_gen = btrfs_super_generation(sb);
+ if (max_gen > recover->max_generation)
+ recover->max_generation = max_gen;
+ } else {
+ ret = add_superblock_record(sb, filename, bytenr,
+ &recover->bad_supers);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+out:
+ close(fd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int read_fs_supers(struct btrfs_recover_superblock *recover)
+{
+ struct super_block_record *record;
+ struct super_block_record *next_record;
+ struct btrfs_device *dev;
+ int ret;
+ u64 gen;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(dev, &recover->fs_devices->devices,
+ dev_list) {
+ ret = read_dev_supers(dev->name, recover);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(record, next_record,
+ &recover->good_supers, list) {
+ gen = btrfs_super_generation(&record->sb);
+ if (gen < recover->max_generation)
+ list_move_tail(&record->list, &recover->bad_supers);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct super_block_record *recover_get_good_super(
+ struct btrfs_recover_superblock *recover)
+{
+ struct super_block_record *record;
+ record = list_entry(recover->good_supers.next,
+ struct super_block_record, list);
+ return record;
+}
+
+static void print_all_devices(struct list_head *devices)
+{
+ struct btrfs_device *dev;
+
+ printf("All Devices:\n");
+ list_for_each_entry(dev, devices, dev_list) {
+ printf("\t");
+ printf("Device: id = %llu, name = %s\n",
+ dev->devid, dev->name);
+ }
+ printf("\n");
+}
+
+static void print_super_info(struct super_block_record *record)
+{
+ printf("\t\tdevice name = %s\n", record->device_name);
+ printf("\t\tsuperblock bytenr = %llu\n", record->bytenr);
+}
+
+static void print_all_supers(struct btrfs_recover_superblock *recover)
+{
+ struct super_block_record *record;
+
+ printf("\t[All good supers]:\n");
+ list_for_each_entry(record, &recover->good_supers, list) {
+ print_super_info(record);
+ printf("\n");
+ }
+
+ printf("\t[All bad supers]:\n");
+ list_for_each_entry(record, &recover->bad_supers, list) {
+ print_super_info(record);
+ printf("\n");
+ }
+ printf("\n");
+}
+
+static void recover_err_str(int ret)
+{
+ switch (ret) {
+ case 0:
+ printf("All supers are valid, no need to recover\n");
+ break;
+ case 1:
+ printf("Usage or syntax errors\n");
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ printf("Recovered bad superblocks successful\n");
+ break;
+ case 3:
+ printf("Failed to recover bad superblocks\n");
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ printf("Aborted to recover bad superblocks\n");
+ break;
+ default:
+ printf("Unknown recover result\n");
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+int btrfs_recover_superblocks(const char *dname,
+ int verbose, int yes)
+{
+ int fd, ret;
+ struct btrfs_recover_superblock recover;
+ struct super_block_record *record;
+ struct btrfs_root *root = NULL;
+
+ fd = open(dname, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "open %s error\n", dname);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ init_recover_superblock(&recover);
+
+ ret = btrfs_scan_fs_devices(fd, dname, &recover.fs_devices, 0, 0);
+ close(fd);
+ if (ret) {
+ ret = 1;
+ goto no_recover;
+ }
+
+ if (verbose)
+ print_all_devices(&recover.fs_devices->devices);
+
+ ret = read_fs_supers(&recover);
+ if (ret) {
+ ret = 1;
+ goto no_recover;
+ }
+ if (verbose) {
+ printf("Before Recovering:\n");
+ print_all_supers(&recover);
+ }
+
+ if (list_empty(&recover.bad_supers))
+ goto no_recover;
+
+ if (!yes) {
+ ret = ask_user("Make sure this is a btrfs disk otherwise the tool will destroy other fs, Are you sure?");
+ if (!ret) {
+ ret = 4;
+ goto no_recover;
+ }
+ }
+ record = recover_get_good_super(&recover);
+ root = open_ctree_with_broken_super(record->device_name,
+ record->bytenr, 1);
+ if (!root) {
+ ret = 3;
+ goto no_recover;
+ }
+ /* reset super_bytenr in order that we will rewite all supers */
+ root->fs_info->super_bytenr = BTRFS_SUPER_INFO_OFFSET;
+ ret = write_all_supers(root);
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = 2;
+ else
+ ret = 3;
+
+ close_ctree(root);
+no_recover:
+ recover_err_str(ret);
+ free_recover_superblock(&recover);
+ return ret;
+}
+