# Btrfs-progs tests
A testsuite covering functionality of btrfs-progs, ie. the checker, image, mkfs
and similar tools. There are no additional requirements on kernel features
(other than `CONFIG_BTRFS_FS` built-in or module), the
tests build on top of the core functionality like snapshots and device
management. In some cases optional features are turned on by mkfs and the
filesystem image could be mounted, such tests might fail if there's lack of
## Quick start
Run the tests from the top directory:
$ make test
$ make test-fsck
$ make test-convert
or selectively from the `tests/` directory:
The verbose output of the tests is logged into a file named after the test
category, eg. `fsck-tests-results.txt`.
## Selective testing
The test are prefixed by a number for ordering and uniqueness. To run a
particular test use:
$ make TEST=MASK test
where `MASK` is a glob expression that will execute only tests
that match the MASK. Here the test number comes handy:
$ make TEST=001\* test-fsck
$ TEST=001\* ./fsck-tests.sh
will run the first test in fsck-tests subdirectory.
## Test structure
* tests targeted at bugs that are fixable by fsck
* coverage tests of ext2/3/4 and btrfs-convert options
* collection of fuzzed or crafted images
* tests that are supposed to run various utilities on the images and not
* tests for command line interface, option coverage, weird option combinations that should not work
* not necessary to do any functional testing, could be rather lightweight
* functional tests should go to to other test dirs
* the driver script will only execute `./test.sh` in the test directory
* anything that does not fit to the above, the test driver script will only
execute `./test.sh` in the test directory
* script with shell helpers, separated by functionality
* default testing image, the file is never deleted by the scripts but
truncated to 0 bytes, so it keeps it's permissions. It's eg. possible to
host it on NFS, make it `chmod a+w` for root.
## Other tuning, environment variables
It's possible to wrap the tested commands to utilities that might do more
checking or catch failures at runtime. This can be done by setting the
`INSTRUMENT` environment variable:
INSTRUMENT=valgrind ./fuzz-tests.sh # in tests/
make INSTRUMENT=valgrind test-fuzz # in the top directory
The variable is prepended to the command *unquoted*, all sorts of shell tricks
Note: instrumentation is not applied to privileged commands (anything that uses
the root helper).
### Verbosity, test tuning
* `TEST_LOG=tty` -- setting the variable will print all commands executed by
some of the wrappers (`run_check` etc), other commands are not printed to the
terminal (but the full output is in the log)
* `TEST_LOG=dump` -- dump the entire testing log when a test fails
* `TEST_ENABLE_OVERRIDE` -- defined either as make arguments or via
`tests/common.local` to enable additional arguments to some commands, using
the variable(s) below (default: false, enable by setting to 'true')
* `TEST_ARGS_CHECK` -- user-defined arguments to `btrfs check`, before the
Multiple values can be separated by `,`.
Some commands require root privileges (to mount/umount, access loop devices).
It is assumed that `sudo` will work in some way (no password, password asked
and cached). Note that instrumentation is not applied in this case, for safety
reasons. You need to modify the test script instead.
The tests are supposed to cleanup after themselves if they pass. In case of
failure, the rest of the tests are skipped and intermediate files, mounts and
loop devices are kept. This should help to investigate the test failure but at
least the mounts and loop devices need to be cleaned before the next run.
This is partially done by the script `clean-tests.sh`, you may want to check
the loop devices as they are managed on a per-test basis.
### Prototyping tests, quick tests
There's a script `test-console.sh` that will run shell commands in a loop and
logs the output with the testing environment set up.
## New test
1. Pick the category for the new test or fallback to `misc-tests` if not sure. For
an easy start copy an existing `test.sh` script from some test that might be
close to the purpose of your new test. The environment setup includes the
common scripts and/or prepares the test devices. Other scripts contain examples
how to do mkfs, mount, unmount, check, etc.
2. Use the highest unused number in the sequence, write a short descriptive title
and join by dashes `-`. This will become the directory name, eg. `012-subvolume-sync-must-wait`.
3. Write a short description of the bug and how it's tested to the comment at the
begining of `test.sh`. You don't need to add the file to git yet.
4. Write the test commands, comment anything that's not obvious.
5. Test your test. Use the `TEST` variable to jump right to your test:
$ make TEST=012\* tests-misc # from top directory
$ TEST=012\* ./misc-tests.sh # from tests/
6. The commit changelog should reference a commit that either introduced or
fixed the bug (or both). Subject line of the shall mention the name of the
new directory for ease of search, eg. `btrfs-progs: tests: add 012-subvolume-sync-must-wait`
### Crafted/fuzzed images
Images that are create by fuzzing or specially crafted to trigger some error
conditions should be added to the directory *fuzz-tests/images*, accompanied by
a textual description of the source (bugzilla, mail), the reporter, brief
description of the problem or the stack trace.
If you have a fix for the problem, please submit it prior to the test image, so
the fuzz tests always succeed when run on random checked out. This helps
# Coding style, best practices
* quote all variables by default, any path, even the TOP could need that, and
we use it everywhere
* there are exceptions:
* `$SUDO_HELPER` as it might be intentionally unset
* the variable is obviously set to a value that does not require it
* use `#!/bin/bash` explicitly
* check for all external dependencies (`check_prereq_global`)
* check for internal dependencies (`check_prereq`), though the basic set is
always built when the tests are started through make
* use functions instead of repeating code
* generic helpers could be factored to the `common` script
* cleanup after successful test
* use common helpers and variables
## do not
* pull external dependencies if we can find a way to replace them: example is
`xfs_io` that's conveniently used in fstests but we'd require `xfsprogs`,
so use `dd` instead
* throw away (redirect to */dev/null*) output of commands unless it's justified
(ie. really too much text, unnecessary slowdown) -- the test output log is
regenerated all the time and we need to be able to analyze test failures or
just observe how the tests progress
* cleanup after failed test -- the testsuite stops on first failure and the
developer can eg. access the environment that the test created and do further
* this might change in the future so the tests cover as much as possible, but
this would require to enhance all tests with a cleanup phase