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#!/usr/bin/perl -w

=head1 NAME

dh - debhelper command sequencer

=cut

use strict;
use Debian::Debhelper::Dh_Lib;

=head1 SYNOPSIS

B<dh> I<sequence> [B<--with> I<addon>[B<,>I<addon> ...]] [B<--list>] [S<I<debhelper options>>]

=head1 DESCRIPTION

B<dh> runs a sequence of debhelper commands. The supported I<sequence>s
correspond to the targets of a F<debian/rules> file: B<build-arch>,
B<build-indep>, B<build>, B<clean>, B<install-indep>, B<install-arch>,
B<install>, B<binary-arch>, B<binary-indep>, and B<binary>.

Commands in the B<build-indep>, B<install-indep> and B<binary-indep>
sequences are passed the B<-i> option to ensure they only work on
architecture independent packages, and commands in the B<build-arch>,
B<install-arch> and B<binary-arch> sequences are passed the B<-a>
option to ensure they only work on architecture dependent packages.

If F<debian/rules> contains a target with a name like B<override_>I<dh_command>,
then when it would normally run I<dh_command>, B<dh> will instead call that
target. The override target can then run the command with additional options,
or run entirely different commands instead. See examples below. (Note that to
use this feature, you should Build-Depend on debhelper 7.0.50 or above.)

=head1 OPTIONS

=over 4

=item B<--with> I<addon>[B<,>I<addon> ...]

Add the debhelper commands specified by the given addon to appropriate places
in the sequence of commands that is run. This option can be repeated more
than once, or multiple addons can be listed, separated by commas.
This is used when there is a third-party package that provides
debhelper commands. See the F<PROGRAMMING> file for documentation about
the sequence addon interface.

=item B<--without> I<addon>

The inverse of B<--with>, disables using the given addon.

=item B<--list>, B<-l>

List all available addons.

=item B<--no-act>

Prints commands that would run for a given sequence, but does not run them.

=back

Other options passed to B<dh> are passed on to each command it runs. This
can be used to set an option like B<-v> or B<-X> or B<-N>, as well as for more
specialised options.

=head1 EXAMPLES

To see what commands are included in a sequence, without actually doing
anything:

	dh binary-arch --no-act

This is a very simple rules file, for packages where the default sequences of
commands work with no additional options.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@

Often you'll want to pass an option to a specific debhelper command. The
easy way to do with is by adding an override target for that command.
	
	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@

	override_dh_strip:
		dh_strip -Xfoo
		
	override_dh_installdocs:
		dh_installdocs README TODO

Sometimes the automated L<dh_auto_configure(1)> and L<dh_auto_build(1)>
can't guess what to do for a strange package. Here's how to avoid running
either and instead run your own commands.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@

	override_dh_auto_configure:
		./mondoconfig

	override_dh_auto_build:
		make universe-explode-in-delight

Another common case is wanting to do something manually before or
after a particular debhelper command is run.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@

	override_dh_fixperms:
		dh_fixperms
		chmod 4755 debian/foo/usr/bin/foo

Python tools are not run by dh by default, due to the continual change
in that area. (Before compatability level v9, dh does run B<dh_pysupport>.)
Here is how to use B<dh_python2>.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@ --with python2

If your package uses autotools and you want to freshen F<config.sub> and
F<config.guess> with newer versions from the B<autotools-dev> package
at build time, you can use some commands provided in B<autotools-dev>
that automate it, like this.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@ --with autotools_dev

Here is how to force use of Perl's B<Module::Build> build system,
which can be necessary if debhelper wrongly detects that the package
uses MakeMaker.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@ --buildsystem=perl_build

Here is an example of overriding where the B<dh_auto_>I<*> commands find
the package's source, for a package where the source is located in a
subdirectory.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@ --sourcedirectory=src

And here is an example of how to tell the B<dh_auto_>I<*> commands to build
in a subdirectory, which will be removed on B<clean>.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@ --builddirectory=build

If your package can be built in parallel, you can support parallel building
as follows. Then B<dpkg-buildpackage -j> will work.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@ --parallel

Here is a way to prevent B<dh> from running several commands that you don't
want it to run, by defining empty override targets for each command.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@
	
	# Commands not to run:
	override_dh_auto_test override_dh_compress override_dh_fixperms:

Sometimes, you may need to make an override target only run commands when a
particular package is being built. This can be accomplished using
L<dh_listpackages(1)> to test what is being built. For example:

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@
	
	override_dh_fixperms:
		dh_fixperms
	ifneq (,$(filter foo, $(shell dh_listpackages)))
		chmod 4755 debian/foo/usr/bin/foo
	endif

Finally, remember that you are not limited to using override targets in the
rules file when using B<dh>. You can also explicitly define any of the regular
rules file targets when it makes sense to do so. A common reason to do this
is when your package needs different B<build-arch> and B<build-indep> targets.
For example, a package with a long document build process can put it in
B<build-indep>.

	#!/usr/bin/make -f
	%:
		dh $@
	
	build-indep:
		$(MAKE) docs
	build-arch:
		$(MAKE) bins

Note that in the example above, dh will arrange for "debian/rules build"
to call your build-indep and build-arch targets. You do not need to
explicitly define those dependencies in the rules file when using dh with
compatibility level v9. This example would be more complicated with
earlier compatibility levels.

=head1 INTERNALS

If you're curious about B<dh>'s internals, here's how it works under the hood.

Each debhelper command will record when it's successfully run in
F<debian/package.debhelper.log>. (Which B<dh_clean> deletes.) So B<dh> can tell
which commands have already been run, for which packages, and skip running
those commands again.

Each time B<dh> is run, it examines the log, and finds the last logged command
that is in the specified sequence. It then continues with the next command
in the sequence. The B<--until>, B<--before>, B<--after>, and B<--remaining>
options can override this behavior.

A sequence can also run dependent targets in debian/rules.  For
example, the "binary" sequence runs the "install" target.

B<dh> uses the B<DH_INTERNAL_OPTIONS> environment variable to pass information
through to debhelper commands that are run inside override targets. The
contents (and indeed, existence) of this environment variable, as the name
might suggest, is subject to change at any time.

=head1 DEPRECATED OPTIONS

The following options are deprecated. It's much 
better to use override targets instead.

=over 4

=item B<--until> I<cmd>

Run commands in the sequence until and including I<cmd>, then stop.

=item B<--before> I<cmd>

Run commands in the sequence before I<cmd>, then stop.

=item B<--after> I<cmd>

Run commands in the sequence that come after I<cmd>.

=item B<--remaining>

Run all commands in the sequence that have yet to be run.

=back

In the above options, I<cmd> can be a full name of a debhelper command, or
a substring. It'll first search for a command in the sequence exactly
matching the name, to avoid any ambiguity. If there are multiple substring
matches, the last one in the sequence will be used.

=cut

# Stash this away before init modifies it.
my @ARGV_orig=@ARGV;

if (compat(8)) {
	# python-support was enabled by default before v9.
	# (and comes first so python-central loads later and can disable it).
	unshift @ARGV, "--with=python-support";
}
		
init(options => {
		"until=s" => \$dh{UNTIL},
		"after=s" => \$dh{AFTER},
		"before=s" => \$dh{BEFORE},
		"remaining" => \$dh{REMAINING},
		"with=s" => sub {
			my ($option,$value)=@_;
			push @{$dh{WITH}},split(",", $value);
		},
		"without=s" => sub {
			my ($option,$value)=@_;
			@{$dh{WITH}} = grep { $_ ne $value } @{$dh{WITH}};
		},
		"l" => \&list_addons,
		"list" => \&list_addons,
	},
	# Disable complaints about unknown options; they are passed on to 
	# the debhelper commands.
	ignore_unknown_options => 1,
	# Bundling does not work well since there are unknown options.
	bundling => 0,
);
inhibit_log();
set_buildflags();
warn_deprecated();

# If make is using a jobserver, but it is not available
# to this process, clean out MAKEFLAGS. This avoids
# ugly warnings when calling make.
if (is_make_jobserver_unavailable()) {
	clean_jobserver_makeflags();
}

# Process the sequence parameter.
my $sequence;
if (! compat(7)) {
	# From v8, the sequence is the very first parameter.
	$sequence=shift @ARGV_orig;
	if (defined $sequence && $sequence=~/^-/) {
		error "Unknown sequence $sequence (options should not come before the sequence)";
	}
}
else {
	# Before v8, the sequence could be at any position in the parameters,
	# so was what was left after parsing.
	$sequence=shift;
	if (defined $sequence) {
		@ARGV_orig=grep { $_ ne $sequence } @ARGV_orig;
	}
}
if (! defined $sequence) {
	error "specify a sequence to run";
}
# make -B causes the rules file to be run as a target.
# Also support completly empty override targets.
# Note: it's not safe to use rules_explicit_target before this check,
# since it causes dh to be run.
my $dummy_target="debhelper-fail-me";
if ($sequence eq 'debian/rules' ||
    $sequence =~ /^override_dh_/ ||
    $sequence eq $dummy_target) {
	exit 0;
}


# Definitions of sequences.
my %sequences;
my @bd_minimal = qw{
	dh_testdir
};
my @bd = qw{
	dh_testdir
	dh_auto_configure
	dh_auto_build
	dh_auto_test
};
my @i = qw{
	dh_testroot
	dh_prep
	dh_installdirs
	dh_auto_install

	dh_install
	dh_installdocs
	dh_installchangelogs
	dh_installexamples
	dh_installman

	dh_installcatalogs
	dh_installcron
	dh_installdebconf
	dh_installemacsen
	dh_installifupdown
	dh_installinfo
	dh_installinit
	dh_installmenu
	dh_installmime
	dh_installmodules
	dh_installlogcheck
	dh_installlogrotate
	dh_installpam
	dh_installppp
	dh_installudev
	dh_installwm
	dh_installxfonts
	dh_installgsettings
	dh_bugfiles
	dh_ucf
	dh_lintian
	dh_gconf
	dh_icons
	dh_perl
	dh_usrlocal

	dh_link
	dh_compress
	dh_fixperms
};
my @ba=qw{
	dh_strip
	dh_makeshlibs
	dh_shlibdeps
};
if (! getpackages("arch")) {
	@ba=();
}
my @b=qw{
	dh_installdeb
	dh_gencontrol
	dh_md5sums
	dh_builddeb
};
$sequences{clean} = [qw{
	dh_testdir
	dh_auto_clean
	dh_clean
}];
$sequences{'build-indep'} = [@bd];
$sequences{'build-arch'} = [@bd];
if (! compat(8)) {
	# From v9, sequences take standard rules targets into account.
	$sequences{build} = [@bd_minimal, rules("build-arch"), rules("build-indep")];
	$sequences{'install-indep'} = [rules("build-indep"), @i];
	$sequences{'install-arch'} = [rules("build-arch"), @i];
	$sequences{'install'} = [rules("build"), rules("install-arch"), rules("install-indep"), @i];
	$sequences{'binary-indep'} = [rules("install-indep"), @b];
	$sequences{'binary-arch'} = [rules("install-arch"), @ba, @b];
	$sequences{binary} = [rules("install"), rules("binary-arch"), rules("binary-indep")];
}
else {
	$sequences{build} = [@bd];
	$sequences{'install'} = [@{$sequences{build}}, @i];
	$sequences{'install-indep'} = [@{$sequences{'build-indep'}}, @i];
	$sequences{'install-arch'} = [@{$sequences{'build-arch'}}, @i];
	$sequences{binary} = [@{$sequences{install}}, @ba, @b];
	$sequences{'binary-indep'} = [@{$sequences{'install-indep'}}, @b];
	$sequences{'binary-arch'} = [@{$sequences{'install-arch'}}, @ba, @b];
}

# Additional command options
my %command_opts;

# sequence addon interface
sub _insert {
	my $offset=shift;
	my $existing=shift;
	my $new=shift;
	foreach my $sequence (keys %sequences) {
		my @list=@{$sequences{$sequence}};
		next unless grep $existing, @list;
		my @new;
		foreach my $command (@list) {
			if ($command eq $existing) {
				push @new, $new if $offset < 0;
				push @new, $command;
				push @new, $new if $offset > 0;
			}
			else {
				push @new, $command;
			}
		}
		$sequences{$sequence}=\@new;
	}
}
sub insert_before {
	_insert(-1, @_);
}
sub insert_after {
	_insert(1, @_);
}
sub remove_command {
	my $command=shift;
	foreach my $sequence (keys %sequences) {
		$sequences{$sequence}=[grep { $_ ne $command } @{$sequences{$sequence}}];
	}
	
}
sub add_command {
	my $command=shift;
	my $sequence=shift;
	unshift @{$sequences{$sequence}}, $command;
}
sub add_command_options {
	my $command=shift;
	push @{$command_opts{$command}}, @_;
}
sub remove_command_options {
	my $command=shift;
	if (@_) {
		# Remove only specified options
		if (my $opts = $command_opts{$command}) {
			foreach my $opt (@_) {
				$opts = [ grep { $_ ne $opt } @$opts ];
			}
			$command_opts{$command} = $opts;
		}
	}
	else {
		# Clear all additional options
		delete $command_opts{$command};
	}
}

sub list_addons {
	my %addons;

	for my $inc (@INC) {
		eval q{use File::Spec};
		my $path = File::Spec->catdir($inc, "Debian/Debhelper/Sequence");
		if (-d $path) {
			for my $module_path (glob "$path/*.pm") {
				my $name = basename($module_path);
				$name =~ s/\.pm$//;
				$name =~ s/_/-/g;
				$addons{$name} = 1;
			}
		}
	}

	for my $name (sort keys %addons) {
		print "$name\n";
	}

	exit 0;
}

# Load addons, which can modify sequences.
foreach my $addon (@{$dh{WITH}}) {
	my $mod="Debian::Debhelper::Sequence::$addon";
	$mod=~s/-/_/g;
	eval "use $mod";
	if ($@) {
		error("unable to load addon $addon: $@");
	}
}

if (! exists $sequences{$sequence}) {
	error "Unknown sequence $sequence (choose from: ".
		join(" ", sort keys %sequences).")";
}
my @sequence=optimize_sequence(@{$sequences{$sequence}});

# The list of all packages that can be acted on.
my @packages=@{$dh{DOPACKAGES}};

# Get the options to pass to commands in the sequence.
# Filter out options intended only for this program.
my @options;
if ($sequence eq 'build-arch' ||
    $sequence eq 'install-arch' ||
    $sequence eq 'binary-arch') {
	push @options, "-a";
	# as an optimisation, remove from the list any packages
	# that are not arch dependent
	my %arch_packages = map { $_ => 1 } getpackages("arch");
	@packages = grep { $arch_packages{$_} } @packages;
}
elsif ($sequence eq 'build-indep' ||
       $sequence eq 'install-indep' ||
       $sequence eq 'binary-indep') {
	push @options, "-i";
	# ditto optimisation for arch indep
	my %indep_packages = map { $_ => 1 } getpackages("indep");
	@packages = grep { $indep_packages{$_} } @packages;
}
while (@ARGV_orig) {
	my $opt=shift @ARGV_orig;
	if ($opt =~ /^--?(after|until|before|with|without)$/) {
		shift @ARGV_orig;
		next;
	}
	elsif ($opt =~ /^--?(no-act|remaining|(after|until|before|with|without)=)/) {
		next;
	}
	elsif ($opt=~/^-/) {
		push @options, "-O".$opt;
	}
	elsif (@options) {
		if ($options[$#options]=~/^-O--/) {
			$options[$#options].="=".$opt;
		}
		else {
			$options[$#options].=$opt;
		}
	}
}

# Figure out at what point in the sequence to start for each package.
my %logged;
my %startpoint;
foreach my $package (@packages) {
	my @log=load_log($package, \%logged);
	if ($dh{AFTER}) {
		# Run commands in the sequence that come after the
		# specified command.
		$startpoint{$package}=command_pos($dh{AFTER}, @sequence) + 1;
		# Write a dummy log entry indicating that the specified
		# command was, in fact, run. This handles the case where
		# no commands remain to run after it, communicating to
		# future dh instances that the specified command should not
		# be run again.
		write_log($sequence[$startpoint{$package}-1], $package);
	}
	elsif ($dh{REMAINING}) {
		# Start at the beginning so all remaining commands will get
		# run.
		$startpoint{$package}=0;
	}
	else {
		# Find the last logged command that is in the sequence, and
		# continue with the next command after it. If no logged
		# command is in the sequence, we're starting at the beginning.. 			
		$startpoint{$package}=0;
COMMAND:	foreach my $command (reverse @log) {
			foreach my $i (0..$#sequence) {
				if ($command eq $sequence[$i]) {
					$startpoint{$package}=$i+1;
					last COMMAND;
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

# Figure out what point in the sequence to go to.
my $stoppoint=$#sequence;
if ($dh{UNTIL}) {
	$stoppoint=command_pos($dh{UNTIL}, @sequence);
}
elsif ($dh{BEFORE}) {
	$stoppoint=command_pos($dh{BEFORE}, @sequence) - 1;
}

# Now run the commands in the sequence.
foreach my $i (0..$stoppoint) {
	# Figure out which packages need to run this command.
	my @exclude;
	foreach my $package (@packages) {
		if ($startpoint{$package} > $i ||
		    $logged{$package}{$sequence[$i]}) {
			push @exclude, $package;
		}
	}
	
	if (@exclude eq @packages) {
		# Command already done for all packages.
		next;
	}

	run($sequence[$i], \@packages, \@exclude, @options);
}

sub run {
	my $command=shift;
	my @packages=@{shift()};
	my @exclude=@{shift()};
	my @options=@_;
	
	# If some packages are excluded, add flags
	# to prevent them from being acted on.
	push @options, map { "-N$_" } @exclude;

	# Check for override targets in debian/rules and
	# run them instead of running the command directly.
	my $override_command;
	my $has_explicit_target = rules_explicit_target("override_".$command);

	my $rules_target = rules_target($command);
	if (defined $rules_target) {
		# Don't pass DH_ environment variables, since this is
		# a fresh invocation of debian/rules and any sub-dh
		# commands.
		$override_command=$command;
		delete $ENV{DH_INTERNAL_OPTIONS};
		delete $ENV{DH_INTERNAL_OVERRIDE};
		$command="debian/rules";
		@options=$rules_target;
	}
	elsif (defined $has_explicit_target) {
		$override_command=$command;
		# Check if target isn't noop
		if ($has_explicit_target) {
			# This passes the options through to commands called
			# inside the target.
			$ENV{DH_INTERNAL_OPTIONS}=join("\x1e", @options);
			$ENV{DH_INTERNAL_OVERRIDE}=$command;
			$command="debian/rules";
			@options="override_".$override_command;
		}
		else {
			$command = undef;
		}
	}
	else {
		# Pass additional command options if any
		unshift @options, @{$command_opts{$command}} if exists $command_opts{$command};
	}

	if (defined $command) {
		# 3 space indent lines the command being run up under the
		# sequence name after "dh ".
		print "   ".escape_shell($command, @options)."\n";
	}
	else {
		print "   ", "# Skipping ", $override_command, " - empty override", "\n";
	}
				
	if (! $dh{NO_ACT}) {
		if (defined $command) {
			my $ret=system($command, @options);
			
			if ($ret >> 8 != 0) {
				exit $ret >> 8;
			}
			elsif ($ret) {
				exit 1;
			}
		}

		if (defined $override_command) {
			# Update log for overridden command now that it has
			# finished successfully.
			# (But avoid logging for dh_clean since it removes
			# the log earlier.)
			if ($override_command ne 'dh_clean') {
				my %packages=map { $_ => 1 } @packages;
				map { delete $packages{$_} } @exclude;
				write_log($override_command, keys %packages);
				commit_override_log(keys %packages);
			}

			delete $ENV{DH_INTERNAL_OPTIONS};
			delete $ENV{DH_INTERNAL_OVERRIDE};
		}
	}
}

sub optimize_sequence {
	my @sequence;
	my %seen;
	my $add=sub {
		# commands can appear multiple times when sequences are
		# inlined together; only the first should be needed
		my $command=shift;
		if (! $seen{$command}) {
			$seen{$command}=1;
			push @sequence, $command;
		}
	};
	foreach my $command (@_) {
		my $rules_target=rules_target($command);
		if (defined $rules_target &&
		    ! defined rules_explicit_target($rules_target)) {
			# inline the sequence for this implicit target
			$add->($_) foreach optimize_sequence(@{$sequences{$rules_target}});
		}
		else {
			$add->($command);
		}
	}
	return @sequence;
}

sub rules_target {
	my $command=shift;
	if ($command =~ /^debian\/rules\s+(.*)/) {
		return $1
	}
	else {
		return undef;
	}
}

sub rules {
	return "debian/rules ".join(" ", @_);
}

{
my %targets;
my $rules_parsed;

sub rules_explicit_target {
	# Checks if a specified target exists as an explicit target
	# in debian/rules.
	# undef is returned if target does not exist, 0 if target is noop
	# and 1 if target has dependencies or executes commands.
	my $target=shift;

	if (! $rules_parsed) {
		my $processing_targets = 0;
		my $not_a_target = 0;
		my $current_target;
		open(MAKE, "LC_ALL=C make -Rrnpsf debian/rules $dummy_target 2>/dev/null |");
		while (<MAKE>) {
			if ($processing_targets) {
				if (/^# Not a target:/) {
					$not_a_target = 1;
				}
				else {
					if (!$not_a_target && /^([^#:]+)::?\s*(.*)$/) {
						# Target is defined. NOTE: if it is a depenency of
						# .PHONY it will be defined too but that's ok.
						# $2 contains target dependencies if any.
						$current_target = $1;
						$targets{$current_target} = ($2) ? 1 : 0;
					}
					else {
						if (defined $current_target) {
							if (/^#/) {
								# Check if target has commands to execute
								if (/^#\s*(commands|recipe) to execute/) {
									$targets{$current_target} = 1;
								}
							}
							else {
								# Target parsed.
								$current_target = undef;
							}
						}
					}
					# "Not a target:" is always followed by
					# a target name, so resetting this one
					# here is safe.
					$not_a_target = 0;
				}
			}
			elsif (/^# Files$/) {
				$processing_targets = 1;
			}
		}
		close MAKE;
		$rules_parsed = 1;
	}

	return $targets{$target};
}

}

sub warn_deprecated {
	foreach my $deprecated ('until', 'after', 'before', 'remaining') {
		if (defined $dh{uc $deprecated}) {
			warning("The --$deprecated option is deprecated. Use override targets instead.");
		}
	}
}

sub command_pos {
	my $command=shift;
	my @sequence=@_;

	foreach my $i (0..$#sequence) {
		if ($command eq $sequence[$i]) {
			return $i;
		}
	}

	my @matches;
	foreach my $i (0..$#sequence) {
		if ($sequence[$i] =~ /\Q$command\E/) {
			push @matches, $i;
		}
	}
	if (! @matches) {
		error "command specification \"$command\" does not match any command in the sequence"
	}
	else {
		return pop @matches;
	}
}

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<debhelper(7)>

This program is a part of debhelper.

=head1 AUTHOR

Joey Hess <joeyh@debian.org>

=cut