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authorSven Eden <yamakuzure@gmx.net>2017-07-17 15:03:10 +0200
committerSven Eden <yamakuzure@gmx.net>2017-07-17 17:58:43 +0200
commit1981059eaccd58a641074a7c78c0dcec52eabfb2 (patch)
tree58a7298d7f59dcd1620f0e0dda8c632390616e5b /src/basic/env-util.c
parent8663dfee3cb8d22899105729180d446cb48cfc5c (diff)
Prep v233: Add missing files from upstream and rename formats-util.[hc]
Some functionality has been exported to the following files: - src/basic/env-util.[hc] - src/basic/exec-util.[hc] - src/shared/nsflags.[hc] The content of these files is now needed in elogind, and the files have been added as-is. Cleanup is done later. Further the header src/basic/formats-util.h has been renamed to src/basic/format-util.h
Diffstat (limited to 'src/basic/env-util.c')
-rw-r--r--src/basic/env-util.c806
1 files changed, 806 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/src/basic/env-util.c b/src/basic/env-util.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..1ec574e8a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/basic/env-util.c
@@ -0,0 +1,806 @@
+/***
+ This file is part of systemd.
+
+ Copyright 2012 Lennart Poettering
+
+ systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+ (at your option) any later version.
+
+ systemd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+ along with systemd; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+***/
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "alloc-util.h"
+#include "env-util.h"
+#include "escape.h"
+#include "extract-word.h"
+#include "macro.h"
+#include "parse-util.h"
+#include "string-util.h"
+#include "strv.h"
+#include "utf8.h"
+
+#define VALID_CHARS_ENV_NAME \
+ DIGITS LETTERS \
+ "_"
+
+#ifndef ARG_MAX
+#define ARG_MAX ((size_t) sysconf(_SC_ARG_MAX))
+#endif
+
+static bool env_name_is_valid_n(const char *e, size_t n) {
+ const char *p;
+
+ if (!e)
+ return false;
+
+ if (n <= 0)
+ return false;
+
+ if (e[0] >= '0' && e[0] <= '9')
+ return false;
+
+ /* POSIX says the overall size of the environment block cannot
+ * be > ARG_MAX, an individual assignment hence cannot be
+ * either. Discounting the equal sign and trailing NUL this
+ * hence leaves ARG_MAX-2 as longest possible variable
+ * name. */
+ if (n > ARG_MAX - 2)
+ return false;
+
+ for (p = e; p < e + n; p++)
+ if (!strchr(VALID_CHARS_ENV_NAME, *p))
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool env_name_is_valid(const char *e) {
+ if (!e)
+ return false;
+
+ return env_name_is_valid_n(e, strlen(e));
+}
+
+bool env_value_is_valid(const char *e) {
+ if (!e)
+ return false;
+
+ if (!utf8_is_valid(e))
+ return false;
+
+ /* bash allows tabs in environment variables, and so should
+ * we */
+ if (string_has_cc(e, "\t"))
+ return false;
+
+ /* POSIX says the overall size of the environment block cannot
+ * be > ARG_MAX, an individual assignment hence cannot be
+ * either. Discounting the shortest possible variable name of
+ * length 1, the equal sign and trailing NUL this hence leaves
+ * ARG_MAX-3 as longest possible variable value. */
+ if (strlen(e) > ARG_MAX - 3)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool env_assignment_is_valid(const char *e) {
+ const char *eq;
+
+ eq = strchr(e, '=');
+ if (!eq)
+ return false;
+
+ if (!env_name_is_valid_n(e, eq - e))
+ return false;
+
+ if (!env_value_is_valid(eq + 1))
+ return false;
+
+ /* POSIX says the overall size of the environment block cannot
+ * be > ARG_MAX, hence the individual variable assignments
+ * cannot be either, but let's leave room for one trailing NUL
+ * byte. */
+ if (strlen(e) > ARG_MAX - 1)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool strv_env_is_valid(char **e) {
+ char **p, **q;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(p, e) {
+ size_t k;
+
+ if (!env_assignment_is_valid(*p))
+ return false;
+
+ /* Check if there are duplicate assginments */
+ k = strcspn(*p, "=");
+ STRV_FOREACH(q, p + 1)
+ if (strneq(*p, *q, k) && (*q)[k] == '=')
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool strv_env_name_is_valid(char **l) {
+ char **p, **q;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(p, l) {
+ if (!env_name_is_valid(*p))
+ return false;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(q, p + 1)
+ if (streq(*p, *q))
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+bool strv_env_name_or_assignment_is_valid(char **l) {
+ char **p, **q;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(p, l) {
+ if (!env_assignment_is_valid(*p) && !env_name_is_valid(*p))
+ return false;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(q, p + 1)
+ if (streq(*p, *q))
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int env_append(char **r, char ***k, char **a) {
+ assert(r);
+ assert(k);
+
+ if (!a)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Add the entries of a to *k unless they already exist in *r
+ * in which case they are overridden instead. This assumes
+ * there is enough space in the r array. */
+
+ for (; *a; a++) {
+ char **j;
+ size_t n;
+
+ n = strcspn(*a, "=");
+
+ if ((*a)[n] == '=')
+ n++;
+
+ for (j = r; j < *k; j++)
+ if (strneq(*j, *a, n))
+ break;
+
+ if (j >= *k)
+ (*k)++;
+ else
+ free(*j);
+
+ *j = strdup(*a);
+ if (!*j)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+char **strv_env_merge(unsigned n_lists, ...) {
+ size_t n = 0;
+ char **l, **k, **r;
+ va_list ap;
+ unsigned i;
+
+ /* Merges an arbitrary number of environment sets */
+
+ va_start(ap, n_lists);
+ for (i = 0; i < n_lists; i++) {
+ l = va_arg(ap, char**);
+ n += strv_length(l);
+ }
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ r = new(char*, n+1);
+ if (!r)
+ return NULL;
+
+ k = r;
+
+ va_start(ap, n_lists);
+ for (i = 0; i < n_lists; i++) {
+ l = va_arg(ap, char**);
+ if (env_append(r, &k, l) < 0)
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ *k = NULL;
+
+ return r;
+
+fail:
+ va_end(ap);
+ strv_free(r);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static bool env_match(const char *t, const char *pattern) {
+ assert(t);
+ assert(pattern);
+
+ /* pattern a matches string a
+ * a matches a=
+ * a matches a=b
+ * a= matches a=
+ * a=b matches a=b
+ * a= does not match a
+ * a=b does not match a=
+ * a=b does not match a
+ * a=b does not match a=c */
+
+ if (streq(t, pattern))
+ return true;
+
+ if (!strchr(pattern, '=')) {
+ size_t l = strlen(pattern);
+
+ return strneq(t, pattern, l) && t[l] == '=';
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static bool env_entry_has_name(const char *entry, const char *name) {
+ const char *t;
+
+ assert(entry);
+ assert(name);
+
+ t = startswith(entry, name);
+ if (!t)
+ return false;
+
+ return *t == '=';
+}
+
+char **strv_env_delete(char **x, unsigned n_lists, ...) {
+ size_t n, i = 0;
+ char **k, **r;
+ va_list ap;
+
+ /* Deletes every entry from x that is mentioned in the other
+ * string lists */
+
+ n = strv_length(x);
+
+ r = new(char*, n+1);
+ if (!r)
+ return NULL;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(k, x) {
+ unsigned v;
+
+ va_start(ap, n_lists);
+ for (v = 0; v < n_lists; v++) {
+ char **l, **j;
+
+ l = va_arg(ap, char**);
+ STRV_FOREACH(j, l)
+ if (env_match(*k, *j))
+ goto skip;
+ }
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ r[i] = strdup(*k);
+ if (!r[i]) {
+ strv_free(r);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ i++;
+ continue;
+
+ skip:
+ va_end(ap);
+ }
+
+ r[i] = NULL;
+
+ assert(i <= n);
+
+ return r;
+}
+
+char **strv_env_unset(char **l, const char *p) {
+
+ char **f, **t;
+
+ if (!l)
+ return NULL;
+
+ assert(p);
+
+ /* Drops every occurrence of the env var setting p in the
+ * string list. Edits in-place. */
+
+ for (f = t = l; *f; f++) {
+
+ if (env_match(*f, p)) {
+ free(*f);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ *(t++) = *f;
+ }
+
+ *t = NULL;
+ return l;
+}
+
+char **strv_env_unset_many(char **l, ...) {
+
+ char **f, **t;
+
+ if (!l)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Like strv_env_unset() but applies many at once. Edits in-place. */
+
+ for (f = t = l; *f; f++) {
+ bool found = false;
+ const char *p;
+ va_list ap;
+
+ va_start(ap, l);
+
+ while ((p = va_arg(ap, const char*))) {
+ if (env_match(*f, p)) {
+ found = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ if (found) {
+ free(*f);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ *(t++) = *f;
+ }
+
+ *t = NULL;
+ return l;
+}
+
+int strv_env_replace(char ***l, char *p) {
+ char **f;
+ const char *t, *name;
+
+ assert(p);
+
+ /* Replace first occurrence of the env var or add a new one in the
+ * string list. Drop other occurences. Edits in-place. Does not copy p.
+ * p must be a valid key=value assignment.
+ */
+
+ t = strchr(p, '=');
+ assert(t);
+
+ name = strndupa(p, t - p);
+
+ for (f = *l; f && *f; f++)
+ if (env_entry_has_name(*f, name)) {
+ free_and_replace(*f, p);
+ strv_env_unset(f + 1, *f);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* We didn't find a match, we need to append p or create a new strv */
+ if (strv_push(l, p) < 0)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+char **strv_env_set(char **x, const char *p) {
+
+ char **k, **r;
+ char* m[2] = { (char*) p, NULL };
+
+ /* Overrides the env var setting of p, returns a new copy */
+
+ r = new(char*, strv_length(x)+2);
+ if (!r)
+ return NULL;
+
+ k = r;
+ if (env_append(r, &k, x) < 0)
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (env_append(r, &k, m) < 0)
+ goto fail;
+
+ *k = NULL;
+
+ return r;
+
+fail:
+ strv_free(r);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+char *strv_env_get_n(char **l, const char *name, size_t k, unsigned flags) {
+ char **i;
+
+ assert(name);
+
+ if (k <= 0)
+ return NULL;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH_BACKWARDS(i, l)
+ if (strneq(*i, name, k) &&
+ (*i)[k] == '=')
+ return *i + k + 1;
+
+ if (flags & REPLACE_ENV_USE_ENVIRONMENT) {
+ const char *t;
+
+ t = strndupa(name, k);
+ return getenv(t);
+ };
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+char *strv_env_get(char **l, const char *name) {
+ assert(name);
+
+ return strv_env_get_n(l, name, strlen(name), 0);
+}
+
+char **strv_env_clean_with_callback(char **e, void (*invalid_callback)(const char *p, void *userdata), void *userdata) {
+ char **p, **q;
+ int k = 0;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(p, e) {
+ size_t n;
+ bool duplicate = false;
+
+ if (!env_assignment_is_valid(*p)) {
+ if (invalid_callback)
+ invalid_callback(*p, userdata);
+ free(*p);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ n = strcspn(*p, "=");
+ STRV_FOREACH(q, p + 1)
+ if (strneq(*p, *q, n) && (*q)[n] == '=') {
+ duplicate = true;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (duplicate) {
+ free(*p);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ e[k++] = *p;
+ }
+
+ if (e)
+ e[k] = NULL;
+
+ return e;
+}
+
+char *replace_env_n(const char *format, size_t n, char **env, unsigned flags) {
+ enum {
+ WORD,
+ CURLY,
+ VARIABLE,
+ VARIABLE_RAW,
+ TEST,
+ DEFAULT_VALUE,
+ ALTERNATE_VALUE,
+ } state = WORD;
+
+ const char *e, *word = format, *test_value;
+ char *k;
+ _cleanup_free_ char *r = NULL;
+ size_t i, len;
+ int nest = 0;
+
+ assert(format);
+
+ for (e = format, i = 0; *e && i < n; e ++, i ++) {
+
+ switch (state) {
+
+ case WORD:
+ if (*e == '$')
+ state = CURLY;
+ break;
+
+ case CURLY:
+ if (*e == '{') {
+ k = strnappend(r, word, e-word-1);
+ if (!k)
+ return NULL;
+
+ free(r);
+ r = k;
+
+ word = e-1;
+ state = VARIABLE;
+ nest++;
+ } else if (*e == '$') {
+ k = strnappend(r, word, e-word);
+ if (!k)
+ return NULL;
+
+ free(r);
+ r = k;
+
+ word = e+1;
+ state = WORD;
+
+ } else if (flags & REPLACE_ENV_ALLOW_BRACELESS && strchr(VALID_CHARS_ENV_NAME, *e)) {
+ k = strnappend(r, word, e-word-1);
+ if (!k)
+ return NULL;
+
+ free(r);
+ r = k;
+
+ word = e-1;
+ state = VARIABLE_RAW;
+
+ } else
+ state = WORD;
+ break;
+
+ case VARIABLE:
+ if (*e == '}') {
+ const char *t;
+
+ t = strv_env_get_n(env, word+2, e-word-2, flags);
+
+ k = strappend(r, t);
+ if (!k)
+ return NULL;
+
+ free(r);
+ r = k;
+
+ word = e+1;
+ state = WORD;
+ } else if (*e == ':') {
+ if (!(flags & REPLACE_ENV_ALLOW_EXTENDED))
+ /* Treat this as unsupported syntax, i.e. do no replacement */
+ state = WORD;
+ else {
+ len = e-word-2;
+ state = TEST;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case TEST:
+ if (*e == '-')
+ state = DEFAULT_VALUE;
+ else if (*e == '+')
+ state = ALTERNATE_VALUE;
+ else {
+ state = WORD;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ test_value = e+1;
+ break;
+
+ case DEFAULT_VALUE: /* fall through */
+ case ALTERNATE_VALUE:
+ assert(flags & REPLACE_ENV_ALLOW_EXTENDED);
+
+ if (*e == '{') {
+ nest++;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (*e != '}')
+ break;
+
+ nest--;
+ if (nest == 0) {
+ const char *t;
+ _cleanup_free_ char *v = NULL;
+
+ t = strv_env_get_n(env, word+2, len, flags);
+
+ if (t && state == ALTERNATE_VALUE)
+ t = v = replace_env_n(test_value, e-test_value, env, flags);
+ else if (!t && state == DEFAULT_VALUE)
+ t = v = replace_env_n(test_value, e-test_value, env, flags);
+
+ k = strappend(r, t);
+ if (!k)
+ return NULL;
+
+ free(r);
+ r = k;
+
+ word = e+1;
+ state = WORD;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case VARIABLE_RAW:
+ assert(flags & REPLACE_ENV_ALLOW_BRACELESS);
+
+ if (!strchr(VALID_CHARS_ENV_NAME, *e)) {
+ const char *t;
+
+ t = strv_env_get_n(env, word+1, e-word-1, flags);
+
+ k = strappend(r, t);
+ if (!k)
+ return NULL;
+
+ free(r);
+ r = k;
+
+ word = e--;
+ i--;
+ state = WORD;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (state == VARIABLE_RAW) {
+ const char *t;
+
+ assert(flags & REPLACE_ENV_ALLOW_BRACELESS);
+
+ t = strv_env_get_n(env, word+1, e-word-1, flags);
+ return strappend(r, t);
+ } else
+ return strnappend(r, word, e-word);
+}
+
+char **replace_env_argv(char **argv, char **env) {
+ char **ret, **i;
+ unsigned k = 0, l = 0;
+
+ l = strv_length(argv);
+
+ ret = new(char*, l+1);
+ if (!ret)
+ return NULL;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(i, argv) {
+
+ /* If $FOO appears as single word, replace it by the split up variable */
+ if ((*i)[0] == '$' && (*i)[1] != '{' && (*i)[1] != '$') {
+ char *e;
+ char **w, **m = NULL;
+ unsigned q;
+
+ e = strv_env_get(env, *i+1);
+ if (e) {
+ int r;
+
+ r = strv_split_extract(&m, e, WHITESPACE, EXTRACT_RELAX|EXTRACT_QUOTES);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ ret[k] = NULL;
+ strv_free(ret);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ } else
+ m = NULL;
+
+ q = strv_length(m);
+ l = l + q - 1;
+
+ w = realloc(ret, sizeof(char*) * (l+1));
+ if (!w) {
+ ret[k] = NULL;
+ strv_free(ret);
+ strv_free(m);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ ret = w;
+ if (m) {
+ memcpy(ret + k, m, q * sizeof(char*));
+ free(m);
+ }
+
+ k += q;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* If ${FOO} appears as part of a word, replace it by the variable as-is */
+ ret[k] = replace_env(*i, env, 0);
+ if (!ret[k]) {
+ strv_free(ret);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ k++;
+ }
+
+ ret[k] = NULL;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int getenv_bool(const char *p) {
+ const char *e;
+
+ e = getenv(p);
+ if (!e)
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ return parse_boolean(e);
+}
+
+int serialize_environment(FILE *f, char **environment) {
+ char **e;
+
+ STRV_FOREACH(e, environment) {
+ _cleanup_free_ char *ce;
+
+ ce = cescape(*e);
+ if (!ce)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ fprintf(f, "env=%s\n", *e);
+ }
+
+ /* caller should call ferror() */
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int deserialize_environment(char ***environment, const char *line) {
+ char *uce = NULL;
+ int r;
+
+ assert(line);
+ assert(environment);
+
+ assert(startswith(line, "env="));
+ r = cunescape(line + 4, UNESCAPE_RELAX, &uce);
+ if (r < 0)
+ return r;
+
+ if (!env_assignment_is_valid(uce))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return strv_env_replace(environment, uce);
+}