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authorSebastien Delafond <seb@debian.org>2013-08-11 16:27:56 +0200
committerS├ębastien Delafond <sdelafond@gmail.com>2014-07-13 13:35:27 +0200
commit53b246b7d66bfa03ab9bcf47d4647913b401e3d6 (patch)
treeb5ea4e732c2219456d13048feb05b37b22a76391 /contrib/babel/library-of-babel.org
parent8606e2621fc00fd8b334a06924aeef3aab7a2e4d (diff)
parente32a45ed36d6000db4b39171149072d11b77af72 (diff)
Imported Debian patch 8.0.7-1
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diff --git a/contrib/babel/library-of-babel.org b/contrib/babel/library-of-babel.org
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-#+title: The Library of Babel
-#+author: Org-mode People
-#+STARTUP: hideblocks
-
-* Introduction
-
-The Library of Babel is an extensible collection of ready-made and
-easily-shortcut-callable source-code blocks for handling common tasks.
-Org-babel comes pre-populated with the source-code blocks located in
-this file. It is possible to add source-code blocks from any org-mode
-file to the library by calling =(org-babel-lob-ingest
-"path/to/file.org")=.
-
-This file is included in worg mainly less for viewing through the web
-interface, and more for contribution through the worg git repository.
-If you have code snippets that you think others may find useful please
-add them to this file and [[file:~/src/worg/worg-git.org::contribute-to-worg][contribute them]] to worg.
-
-The raw Org-mode text of this file can be downloaded at
-[[repofile:contrib/babel/library-of-babel.org][library-of-babel.org]]
-
-* Simple
-
-A collection of simple utility functions:
-
-#+name: echo
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var input="echo'd"
- input
-#+end_src
-
-* File I/O
-
-** Reading and writing files
-
-Read the contents of the file at =file=. The =:results vector= and
-=:results scalar= header arguments can be used to read the contents of
-file as either a table or a string.
-
-#+name: read
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var file="" :var format=""
- (if (string= format "csv")
- (with-temp-buffer
- (org-table-import (expand-file-name file) nil)
- (org-table-to-lisp))
- (with-temp-buffer
- (insert-file-contents (expand-file-name file))
- (buffer-string)))
-#+end_src
-
-Write =data= to a file at =file=. If =data= is a list, then write it
-as a table in traditional Org-mode table syntax.
-
-#+name: write
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var data="" :var file="" :var ext='()
- (flet ((echo (r) (if (stringp r) r (format "%S" r))))
- (with-temp-file file
- (case (and (listp data)
- (or ext (intern (file-name-extension file))))
- ('tsv (insert (orgtbl-to-tsv data '(:fmt echo))))
- ('csv (insert (orgtbl-to-csv data '(:fmt echo))))
- (t (org-babel-insert-result data)))))
- nil
-#+end_src
-
-** Remote files
-
-*** json
-
-Read local or remote file in [[http://www.json.org/][json]] format into emacs-lisp objects.
-
-#+name: json
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var file='() :var url='()
- (require 'json)
- (cond
- (file
- (with-temp-filebuffer file
- (goto-char (point-min))
- (json-read)))
- (url
- (require 'w3m)
- (with-temp-buffer
- (w3m-retrieve url)
- (goto-char (point-min))
- (json-read))))
-#+end_src
-
-*** Google docs
-
-The following code blocks make use of the [[http://code.google.com/p/googlecl/][googlecl]] Google command line
-tool. This tool provides functionality for accessing Google services
-from the command line, and the following code blocks use /googlecl/
-for reading from and writing to Google docs with Org-mode code blocks.
-
-**** Read a document from Google docs
-
-The =google= command seems to be throwing "Moved Temporarily" errors
-when trying to download textual documents, but this is working fine
-for spreadsheets.
-
-#+name: gdoc-read
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var title="example" :var format="csv"
- (let* ((file (concat title "." format))
- (cmd (format "google docs get --format %S --title %S" format title)))
- (message cmd) (message (shell-command-to-string cmd))
- (prog1 (if (string= format "csv")
- (with-temp-buffer
- (org-table-import (shell-quote-argument file) '(4))
- (org-table-to-lisp))
- (with-temp-buffer
- (insert-file-contents (shell-quote-argument file))
- (buffer-string)))
- (delete-file file)))
-#+end_src
-
-For example, a line like the following can be used to read the
-contents of a spreadsheet named =num-cells= into a table.
-: #+call: gdoc-read(title="num-cells"")
-
-A line like the following can be used to read the contents of a
-document as a string.
-
-: #+call: gdoc-read(title="loremi", :format "txt")
-
-**** Write a document to a Google docs
-
-Write =data= to a google document named =title=. If =data= is tabular
-it will be saved to a spreadsheet, otherwise it will be saved as a
-normal document.
-
-#+name: gdoc-write
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var title="babel-upload" :var data=fibs(n=10) :results silent
- (let* ((format (if (listp data) "csv" "txt"))
- (tmp-file (make-temp-file "org-babel-google-doc" nil (concat "." format)))
- (cmd (format "google docs upload --title %S %S" title tmp-file)))
- (with-temp-file tmp-file
- (insert
- (if (listp data)
- (orgtbl-to-csv
- data '(:fmt (lambda (el) (if (stringp el) el (format "%S" el)))))
- (if (stringp data) data (format "%S" data)))))
- (message cmd)
- (prog1 (shell-command-to-string cmd) (delete-file tmp-file)))
-#+end_src
-
-example usage
-: #+name: fibs
-: #+begin_src emacs-lisp :var n=8
-: (flet ((fib (m) (if (< m 2) 1 (+ (fib (- m 1)) (fib (- m 2))))))
-: (mapcar (lambda (el) (list el (fib el))) (number-sequence 0 (- n 1))))
-: #+end_src
-:
-: #+call: gdoc-write(title="fibs", data=fibs(n=10))
-
-* Plotting code
-
-** R
-
-Plot column 2 (y axis) against column 1 (x axis). Columns 3 and
-beyond, if present, are ignored.
-
-#+name: R-plot
-#+begin_src R :var data=R-plot-example-data
-plot(data)
-#+end_src
-
-#+tblname: R-plot-example-data
-| 1 | 2 |
-| 2 | 4 |
-| 3 | 9 |
-| 4 | 16 |
-| 5 | 25 |
-
-#+call: R-plot(data=R-plot-example-data)
-
-#+resname: R-plot(data=R-plot-example-data)
-: nil
-
-** Gnuplot
-
-* Org reference
-
-** Headline references
-
-#+name: headline
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var headline=top :var file='()
- (save-excursion
- (when file (get-file-buffer file))
- (org-open-link-from-string (org-make-link-string headline))
- (save-restriction
- (org-narrow-to-subtree)
- (buffer-string)))
-#+end_src
-
-#+call: headline(headline="headline references")
-
-* Tables
-
-** LaTeX Table Export
-
-*** booktabs
-
-This source block can be used to wrap a table in the latex =booktabs=
-environment. The source block adds a =toprule= and =bottomrule= (so
-don't use =hline= at the top or bottom of the table). The =hline=
-after the header is replaced with a =midrule=.
-
-Note that this function bypasses the Org-mode LaTeX exporter and calls
-=orgtbl-to-generic= to create the output table. This means that the
-entries in the table are not translated from Org-mode to LaTeX.
-
-It takes the following arguments -- all but the first two are
-optional.
-
-| arg | description |
-|-------+--------------------------------------------|
-| table | a reference to the table |
-| align | alignment string |
-| env | optional environment, default to "tabular" |
-| width | optional width specification string |
-
-#+name: booktabs
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var table='((:head) hline (:body)) :var align='() :var env="tabular" :var width='() :noweb yes :results latex
- (flet ((to-tab (tab)
- (orgtbl-to-generic
- (mapcar (lambda (lis)
- (if (listp lis)
- (mapcar (lambda (el)
- (if (stringp el)
- el
- (format "%S" el))) lis)
- lis)) tab)
- (list :lend " \\\\" :sep " & " :hline "\\hline"))))
- (org-fill-template
- "
- \\begin{%env}%width%align
- \\toprule
- %table
- \\bottomrule
- \\end{%env}\n"
- (list
- (cons "env" (or env "table"))
- (cons "width" (if width (format "{%s}" width) ""))
- (cons "align" (if align (format "{%s}" align) ""))
- (cons "table"
- ;; only use \midrule if it looks like there are column headers
- (if (equal 'hline (second table))
- (concat (to-tab (list (first table)))
- "\n\\midrule\n"
- (to-tab (cddr table)))
- (to-tab table))))))
-#+end_src
-
-*** longtable
-
-This block can be used to wrap a table in the latex =longtable=
-environment, it takes the following arguments -- all but the first two
-are optional.
-
-| arg | description |
-|-----------+-------------------------------------------------------------|
-| table | a reference to the table |
-| align | optional alignment string |
-| width | optional width specification string |
-| hline | the string to use as hline separator, defaults to "\\hline" |
-| head | optional "head" string |
-| firsthead | optional "firsthead" string |
-| foot | optional "foot" string |
-| lastfoot | optional "lastfoot" string |
-
-#+name: longtable
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var table='((:table)) :var align='() :var width='() :var hline="\\hline" :var firsthead='() :var head='() :var foot='() :var lastfoot='() :noweb yes :results latex
- (org-fill-template
- "
- \\begin{longtable}%width%align
- %firsthead
- %head
- %foot
- %lastfoot
-
- %table
- \\end{longtable}\n"
- (list
- (cons "width" (if width (format "{%s}" width) ""))
- (cons "align" (if align (format "{%s}" align) ""))
- (cons "firsthead" (if firsthead (concat firsthead "\n\\endfirsthead\n") ""))
- (cons "head" (if head (concat head "\n\\endhead\n") ""))
- (cons "foot" (if foot (concat foot "\n\\endfoot\n") ""))
- (cons "lastfoot" (if lastfoot (concat lastfoot "\n\\endlastfoot\n") ""))
- (cons "table" (orgtbl-to-generic
- (mapcar (lambda (lis)
- (if (listp lis)
- (mapcar (lambda (el)
- (if (stringp el)
- el
- (format "%S" el))) lis)
- lis)) table)
- (list :lend " \\\\" :sep " & " :hline hline)))))
-#+end_src
-
-*** booktabs-notes
-
-This source block builds on [[booktabs]]. It accepts two additional
-arguments, both of which are optional.
-
-#+tblname: arguments
-| arg | description |
-|--------+------------------------------------------------------|
-| notes | an org-mode table with footnotes |
-| lspace | if non-nil, insert =addlinespace= after =bottomrule= |
-
-An example footnote to the =arguments= table specifies the column
-span. Note the use of LaTeX, rather than Org-mode, markup.
-
-#+tblname: arguments-notes
-| \multicolumn{2}{l}{This is a footnote to the \emph{arguments} table.} |
-
-#+name: booktabs-notes
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var table='((:head) hline (:body)) :var notes='() :var align='() :var env="tabular" :var width='() :var lspace='() :noweb yes :results latex
- (flet ((to-tab (tab)
- (orgtbl-to-generic
- (mapcar (lambda (lis)
- (if (listp lis)
- (mapcar (lambda (el)
- (if (stringp el)
- el
- (format "%S" el))) lis)
- lis)) tab)
- (list :lend " \\\\" :sep " & " :hline "\\hline"))))
- (org-fill-template
- "
- \\begin{%env}%width%align
- \\toprule
- %table
- \\bottomrule%spacer
- %notes
- \\end{%env}\n"
- (list
- (cons "env" (or env "table"))
- (cons "width" (if width (format "{%s}" width) ""))
- (cons "align" (if align (format "{%s}" align) ""))
- (cons "spacer" (if lspace "\\addlinespace" ""))
- (cons "table"
- ;; only use \midrule if it looks like there are column headers
- (if (equal 'hline (second table))
- (concat (to-tab (list (first table)))
- "\n\\midrule\n"
- (to-tab (cddr table)))
- (to-tab table)))
- (cons "notes" (if notes (to-tab notes) ""))
- )))
-#+end_src
-
-** Elegant lisp for transposing a matrix
-
-#+tblname: transpose-example
-| 1 | 2 | 3 |
-| 4 | 5 | 6 |
-
-#+name: transpose
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var table=transpose-example
- (apply #'mapcar* #'list table)
-#+end_src
-
-#+resname:
-| 1 | 4 |
-| 2 | 5 |
-| 3 | 6 |
-
-** Convert every element of a table to a string
-
-#+tblname: hetero-table
-| 1 | 2 | 3 |
-| a | b | c |
-
-#+name: all-to-string
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var tbl='()
- (defun all-to-string (tbl)
- (if (listp tbl)
- (mapcar #'all-to-string tbl)
- (if (stringp tbl)
- tbl
- (format "%s" tbl))))
- (all-to-string tbl)
-#+end_src
-
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var tbl=hetero-table
- (mapcar (lambda (row) (mapcar (lambda (cell) (stringp cell)) row)) tbl)
-#+end_src
-
-#+name:
-| nil | nil | nil |
-| t | t | t |
-
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var tbl=all-to-string(hetero-table)
- (mapcar (lambda (row) (mapcar (lambda (cell) (stringp cell)) row)) tbl)
-#+end_src
-
-#+name:
-| t | t | t |
-| t | t | t |
-
-* Misc
-
-** File-specific Version Control logging
- :PROPERTIES:
- :AUTHOR: Luke Crook
- :END:
-
-This function will attempt to retrieve the entire commit log for the
-file associated with the current buffer and insert this log into the
-export. The function uses the Emacs VC commands to interface to the
-local version control system, but has only been tested to work with
-Git. 'limit' is currently unsupported.
-
-#+name: vc-log
-#+headers: :var limit=-1
-#+headers: :var buf=(buffer-name (current-buffer))
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp
- ;; Most of this code is copied from vc.el vc-print-log
- (require 'vc)
- (when (vc-find-backend-function
- (vc-backend (buffer-file-name (get-buffer buf))) 'print-log)
- (let ((limit -1)
- (vc-fileset nil)
- (backend nil)
- (files nil))
- (with-current-buffer (get-buffer buf)
- (setq vc-fileset (vc-deduce-fileset t)) ; FIXME: Why t? --Stef
- (setq backend (car vc-fileset))
- (setq files (cadr vc-fileset)))
- (with-temp-buffer
- (let ((status (vc-call-backend
- backend 'print-log files (current-buffer))))
- (when (and (processp status) ; Make sure status is a process
- (= 0 (process-exit-status status))) ; which has not terminated
- (while (not (eq 'exit (process-status status)))
- (sit-for 1 t)))
- (buffer-string)))))
-#+end_src
-
-** Trivial python code blocks
-
-#+name: python-identity
-#+begin_src python :var a=1
-a
-#+end_src
-
-#+name: python-add
-#+begin_src python :var a=1 :var b=2
-a + b
-#+end_src
-
-** Arithmetic
-
-#+name: lob-add
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var a=0 :var b=0
- (+ a b)
-#+end_src
-
-#+name: lob-minus
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var a=0 :var b=0
- (- a b)
-#+end_src
-
-#+name: lob-times
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var a=0 :var b=0
- (* a b)
-#+end_src
-
-#+name: lob-div
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var a=0 :var b=0
- (/ a b)
-#+end_src
-
-* GANTT Charts
-
-The =elispgantt= source block was sent to the mailing list by Eric
-Fraga. It was modified slightly by Tom Dye.
-
-#+name: elispgantt
-#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var table=gantttest
- (let ((dates "")
- (entries (nthcdr 2 table))
- (milestones "")
- (nmilestones 0)
- (ntasks 0)
- (projecttime 0)
- (tasks "")
- (xlength 1))
- (message "Initial: %s\n" table)
- (message "Entries: %s\n" entries)
- (while entries
- (let ((entry (first entries)))
- (if (listp entry)
- (let ((id (first entry))
- (type (nth 1 entry))
- (label (nth 2 entry))
- (task (nth 3 entry))
- (dependencies (nth 4 entry))
- (start (nth 5 entry))
- (duration (nth 6 entry))
- (end (nth 7 entry))
- (alignment (nth 8 entry)))
- (if (> start projecttime) (setq projecttime start))
- (if (string= type "task")
- (let ((end (+ start duration))
- (textposition (+ start (/ duration 2)))
- (flush ""))
- (if (string= alignment "left")
- (progn
- (setq textposition start)
- (setq flush "[left]"))
- (if (string= alignment "right")
- (progn
- (setq textposition end)
- (setq flush "[right]"))))
- (setq tasks
- (format "%s \\gantttask{%s}{%s}{%d}{%d}{%d}{%s}\n"
- tasks label task start end textposition flush))
- (setq ntasks (+ 1 ntasks))
- (if (> end projecttime)
- (setq projecttime end)))
- (if (string= type "milestone")
- (progn
- (setq milestones
- (format
- "%s \\ganttmilestone{$\\begin{array}{c}\\mbox{%s}\\\\ \\mbox{%s}\\end{array}$}{%d}\n"
- milestones label task start))
- (setq nmilestones (+ 1 nmilestones)))
- (if (string= type "date")
- (setq dates (format "%s \\ganttdateline{%s}{%d}\n"
- dates label start))
- (message "Ignoring entry with type %s\n" type)))))
- (message "Ignoring non-list entry %s\n" entry)) ; end if list entry
- (setq entries (cdr entries)))) ; end while entries left
- (format "\\pgfdeclarelayer{background}
- \\pgfdeclarelayer{foreground}
- \\pgfsetlayers{background,foreground}
- \\renewcommand{\\ganttprojecttime}{%d}
- \\renewcommand{\\ganttntasks}{%d}
- \\noindent
- \\begin{tikzpicture}[y=-0.75cm,x=0.75\\textwidth]
- \\begin{pgfonlayer}{background}
- \\draw[very thin, red!10!white] (0,1+\\ganttntasks) grid [ystep=0.75cm,xstep=1/\\ganttprojecttime] (1,0);
- \\draw[\\ganttdatelinecolour] (0,0) -- (1,0);
- \\draw[\\ganttdatelinecolour] (0,1+\\ganttntasks) -- (1,1+\\ganttntasks);
- \\end{pgfonlayer}
- %s
- %s
- %s
- \\end{tikzpicture}" projecttime ntasks tasks milestones dates))
-#+end_src
-
-* Available languages
- :PROPERTIES:
- :AUTHOR: Bastien
- :END:
-
-** From Org's core
-
-| Language | Identifier | Language | Identifier |
-|------------+------------+----------------+------------|
-| Asymptote | asymptote | Awk | awk |
-| Emacs Calc | calc | C | C |
-| C++ | C++ | Clojure | clojure |
-| CSS | css | ditaa | ditaa |
-| Graphviz | dot | Emacs Lisp | emacs-lisp |
-| gnuplot | gnuplot | Haskell | haskell |
-| Javascript | js | LaTeX | latex |
-| Ledger | ledger | Lisp | lisp |
-| Lilypond | lilypond | MATLAB | matlab |
-| Mscgen | mscgen | Objective Caml | ocaml |
-| Octave | octave | Org-mode | org |
-| | | Perl | perl |
-| Plantuml | plantuml | Python | python |
-| R | R | Ruby | ruby |
-| Sass | sass | Scheme | scheme |
-| GNU Screen | screen | shell | sh |
-| SQL | sql | SQLite | sqlite |
-
-** From Org's contrib/babel/langs
-
-- ob-oz.el, by Torsten Anders and Eric Schulte
-- ob-fomus.el, by Torsten Anders