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authorThorsten Kukuk <kukuk@thkukuk.de>2006-09-20 13:46:03 +0000
committerThorsten Kukuk <kukuk@thkukuk.de>2006-09-20 13:46:03 +0000
commit8440c76a17e011bef9431c2ac93fc708d7c62e4c (patch)
treee3c4e3455b67e3418e60e9b8d06bd13b82939423 /modules
parent3cfe9272773f1d6356534b1c30ebaea0a896db93 (diff)
Relevant BUGIDs:
Purpose of commit: new feature/bugfix Commit summary: --------------- 2006-09-20 Thorsten Kukuk <kukuk@thkukuk.de> * doc/adg/Makefile.am: Add manual pages as dependency. * doc/mwg/Makefile.am: Likewise. * doc/sag/Makefile.am: Likewise. * doc/sag/Linux-PAM_SAG.xml: Include pam_unix.xml. * doc/sag/pam_unix.xml: New. * modules/pam_unix/Makefile.am: Generate pam_unix.8 manual page. * modules/pam_unix/README.xml: New. * modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8.xml: New. * modules/pam_unix/README: Regenerate from XML. * modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8: Generated from XML.
Diffstat (limited to 'modules')
-rw-r--r--modules/pam_unix/Makefile.am14
-rw-r--r--modules/pam_unix/README179
-rw-r--r--modules/pam_unix/README.xml41
-rw-r--r--modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8143
-rw-r--r--modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8.xml340
5 files changed, 677 insertions, 40 deletions
diff --git a/modules/pam_unix/Makefile.am b/modules/pam_unix/Makefile.am
index 36dca982..5f60d98b 100644
--- a/modules/pam_unix/Makefile.am
+++ b/modules/pam_unix/Makefile.am
@@ -5,11 +5,12 @@
CLEANFILES = *~
EXTRA_DIST = README md5.c md5_crypt.c lckpwdf.-c $(MANS) CHANGELOG \
- tst-pam_unix
+ tst-pam_unix $(XMLS)
-TESTS = tst-pam_unix
+man_MANS = pam_unix.8 unix_chkpwd.8
+XMLS = README.xml pam_unix.8.xml
-man_MANS = unix_chkpwd.8
+TESTS = tst-pam_unix
securelibdir = $(SECUREDIR)
secureconfdir = $(SCONFIGDIR)
@@ -50,3 +51,10 @@ bigcrypt_CFLAGS = $(AM_CFLAGS)
unix_chkpwd_SOURCES = unix_chkpwd.c md5_good.c md5_broken.c bigcrypt.c
unix_chkpwd_CFLAGS = $(AM_CFLAGS) @PIE_CFLAGS@
unix_chkpwd_LDFLAGS = @PIE_LDFLAGS@
+
+if ENABLE_REGENERATE_MAN
+noinst_DATA = README
+README: pam_unix.8.xml
+-include $(top_srcdir)/Make.xml.rules
+endif
+
diff --git a/modules/pam_unix/README b/modules/pam_unix/README
index afeee3da..0caa3131 100644
--- a/modules/pam_unix/README
+++ b/modules/pam_unix/README
@@ -1,37 +1,142 @@
-pam_unix comes as one module pam_unix.so.
-
-The following links are left for compatibility with old versions:
-pam_unix_auth: authentication module providing
- pam_authenticate() and pam_setcred() hooks
-pam_unix_sess: session module, providing session logging
-pam_unix_acct: account management, providing shadow account
- managment features, password aging etc..
-pam_unix_passwd: password updating facilities providing
- cracklib password strength checking facilities.
-
-The following options are recognized:
- debug - log more debugging info
- audit - a little more extreme than debug
- use_first_pass - don't prompt the user for passwords
- take them from PAM_ items instead
- try_first_pass - don't prompt the user for the passwords
- unless PAM_(OLD)AUTHTOK is unset
- use_authtok - like try_first_pass, but * fail * if the new
- PAM_AUTHTOK has not been previously set.
- (intended for stacking password modules only)
- not_set_pass - don't set the PAM_ items with the passwords
- used by this module.
- shadow - try to maintian a shadow based system.
- md5 - when a user changes their password next,
- encrypt it with the md5 algorithm.
- bigcrypt - when a user changes their password next,
- excrypt it with the DEC C2 - algorithm(0).
- nodelay - used to prevent failed authentication
- resulting in a delay of about 1 second.
- nis - use NIS RPC for setting new password
- remember=X - remember X old passwords, they are kept in
- /etc/security/opasswd in MD5 crypted form
- broken_shadow - ignore errors reading shadow information for
- users in the account management module
-
- invalid arguments are logged to syslog.
+pam_unix — Module for traditional password authentication
+
+━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
+
+DESCRIPTION
+
+This is the standard Unix authentication module. It uses standard calls from
+the system's libraries to retrieve and set account information as well as
+authentication. Usually this is obtained from the /etc/passwd and the /etc/
+shadow file as well if shadow is enabled.
+
+The account component performs the task of establishing the status of the
+user's account and password based on the following shadow elements: expire,
+last_change, max_change, min_change, warn_change. In the case of the latter, it
+may offer advice to the user on changing their password or, through the
+PAM_AUTHTOKEN_REQD return, delay giving service to the user until they have
+established a new password. The entries listed above are documented in the
+shadow(5) manual page. Should the user's record not contain one or more of
+these entries, the corresponding shadow check is not performed.
+
+The authentication component performs the task of checking the users
+credentials (password). The default action of this module is to not permit the
+user access to a service if their official password is blank.
+
+A helper binary, unix_chkpwd(8), is provided to check the user's password when
+it is stored in a read protected database. This binary is very simple and will
+only check the password of the user invoking it. It is called transparently on
+behalf of the user by the authenticating component of this module. In this way
+it is possible for applications like xlock to work without being setuid-root.
+The module, by default, will temporarily turn off SIGCHLD handling for the
+duration of execution of the helper binary. This is generally the right thing
+to do, as many applications are not prepared to handle this signal from a child
+they didn't know was fork()d. The noreap module argument can be used to
+suppress this temporary shielding and may be needed for use with certain
+applications.
+
+The password component of this module performs the task of updating the user's
+password.
+
+The session component of this module logs when a user logins or leave the
+system.
+
+Remaining arguments, supported by others functions of this module, are silently
+ignored. Other arguments are logged as errors through syslog(3).
+
+OPTIONS
+
+debug
+
+ Turns on debugging via syslog(3).
+
+audit
+
+ A little more extreme than debug.
+
+nullok
+
+ The default action of this module is to not permit the user access to a
+ service if their official password is blank. The nullok argument overrides
+ this default.
+
+try_first_pass
+
+ Before prompting the user for their password, the module first tries the
+ previous stacked module's password in case that satisfies this module as
+ well.
+
+use_first_pass
+
+ The argument use_first_pass forces the module to use a previous stacked
+ modules password and will never prompt the user - if no password is
+ available or the password is not appropriate, the user will be denied
+ access.
+
+nodelay
+
+ This argument can be used to discourage the authentication component from
+ requesting a delay should the authentication as a whole fail. The default
+ action is for the module to request a delay-on-failure of the order of two
+ second.
+
+use_authtok
+
+ When password changing enforce the module to set the new password to the
+ one provided by a previously stacked password module (this is used in the
+ example of the stacking of the pam_cracklib module documented above).
+
+not_set_pass
+
+ This argument is used to inform the module that it is not to pay attention
+ to/make available the old or new passwords from/to other (stacked) password
+ modules.
+
+nis
+
+ NIS RPC is used for setting new passwords.
+
+remember=n
+
+ The last n passwords for each user are saved in /etc/security/opasswd in
+ order to force password change history and keep the user from alternating
+ between the same password too frequently.
+
+shadow
+
+ Try to maintain a shadow based system.
+
+md5
+
+ When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the MD5 algorithm.
+
+bigcrypt
+
+ When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the DEC C2
+ algorithm.
+
+broken_shadow
+
+ Ignore errors reading shadow inforation for users in the account management
+ module.
+
+Invalid arguments are logged with syslog(3).
+
+EXAMPLES
+
+An example usage for /etc/pam.d/login would be:
+
+# Authenticate the user
+auth required pam_unix.so
+# Ensure users account and password are still active
+account required pam_unix.so
+# Change the users password, but at first check the strength
+# with pam_cracklib(8)
+password required pam_cracklib.so retry=3 minlen=6 difok=3
+password required pam_unix.so use_authtok nullok md5
+session required pam_unix.so
+
+
+AUTHOR
+
+pam_unix was written by various people.
+
diff --git a/modules/pam_unix/README.xml b/modules/pam_unix/README.xml
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..7fd340b3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/modules/pam_unix/README.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+<?xml version="1.0" encoding='UTF-8'?>
+<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.3//EN"
+"http://www.docbook.org/xml/4.3/docbookx.dtd"
+[
+<!--
+<!ENTITY pamaccess SYSTEM "pam_unix.8.xml">
+-->
+]>
+
+<article>
+
+ <articleinfo>
+
+ <title>
+ <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
+ href="pam_unix.8.xml" xpointer='xpointer(//refnamediv[@id = "pam_unix-name"]/*)'/>
+ </title>
+
+ </articleinfo>
+
+ <section>
+ <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
+ href="pam_unix.8.xml" xpointer='xpointer(//refsect1[@id = "pam_unix-description"]/*)'/>
+ </section>
+
+ <section>
+ <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
+ href="pam_unix.8.xml" xpointer='xpointer(//refsect1[@id = "pam_unix-options"]/*)'/>
+ </section>
+
+ <section>
+ <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
+ href="pam_unix.8.xml" xpointer='xpointer(//refsect1[@id = "pam_unix-examples"]/*)'/>
+ </section>
+
+ <section>
+ <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
+ href="pam_unix.8.xml" xpointer='xpointer(//refsect1[@id = "pam_unix-author"]/*)'/>
+ </section>
+
+</article>
diff --git a/modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8 b/modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..e7f11acd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8
@@ -0,0 +1,143 @@
+.\" Title: pam_unix
+.\" Author:
+.\" Generator: DocBook XSL Stylesheets v1.70.1 <http://docbook.sf.net/>
+.\" Date: 09/20/2006
+.\" Manual: Linux\-PAM Manual
+.\" Source: Linux\-PAM Manual
+.\"
+.TH "PAM_UNIX" "8" "09/20/2006" "Linux\-PAM Manual" "Linux\-PAM Manual"
+.\" disable hyphenation
+.nh
+.\" disable justification (adjust text to left margin only)
+.ad l
+.SH "NAME"
+pam_unix \- Module for traditional password authentication
+.SH "SYNOPSIS"
+.HP 12
+\fBpam_unix.so\fR [...]
+.SH "DESCRIPTION"
+.PP
+This is the standard Unix authentication module. It uses standard calls from the system's libraries to retrieve and set account information as well as authentication. Usually this is obtained from the /etc/passwd and the /etc/shadow file as well if shadow is enabled.
+.PP
+The account component performs the task of establishing the status of the user's account and password based on the following
+\fIshadow\fR
+elements: expire, last_change, max_change, min_change, warn_change. In the case of the latter, it may offer advice to the user on changing their password or, through the
+\fBPAM_AUTHTOKEN_REQD\fR
+return, delay giving service to the user until they have established a new password. The entries listed above are documented in the
+\fBshadow\fR(5)
+manual page. Should the user's record not contain one or more of these entries, the corresponding
+\fIshadow\fR
+check is not performed.
+.PP
+The authentication component performs the task of checking the users credentials (password). The default action of this module is to not permit the user access to a service if their official password is blank.
+.PP
+A helper binary,
+\fBunix_chkpwd\fR(8), is provided to check the user's password when it is stored in a read protected database. This binary is very simple and will only check the password of the user invoking it. It is called transparently on behalf of the user by the authenticating component of this module. In this way it is possible for applications like
+\fBxlock\fR
+to work without being setuid\-root. The module, by default, will temporarily turn off SIGCHLD handling for the duration of execution of the helper binary. This is generally the right thing to do, as many applications are not prepared to handle this signal from a child they didn't know was
+\fBfork()\fRd. The
+\fBnoreap\fR
+module argument can be used to suppress this temporary shielding and may be needed for use with certain applications.
+.PP
+The password component of this module performs the task of updating the user's password.
+.PP
+The session component of this module logs when a user logins or leave the system.
+.PP
+Remaining arguments, supported by others functions of this module, are silently ignored. Other arguments are logged as errors through
+\fBsyslog\fR(3).
+.SH "OPTIONS"
+.TP 3n
+\fBdebug\fR
+Turns on debugging via
+\fBsyslog\fR(3).
+.TP 3n
+\fBaudit\fR
+A little more extreme than debug.
+.TP 3n
+\fBnullok\fR
+The default action of this module is to not permit the user access to a service if their official password is blank. The
+\fBnullok\fR
+argument overrides this default.
+.TP 3n
+\fBtry_first_pass\fR
+Before prompting the user for their password, the module first tries the previous stacked module's password in case that satisfies this module as well.
+.TP 3n
+\fBuse_first_pass\fR
+The argument
+\fBuse_first_pass\fR
+forces the module to use a previous stacked modules password and will never prompt the user \- if no password is available or the password is not appropriate, the user will be denied access.
+.TP 3n
+\fBnodelay\fR
+This argument can be used to discourage the authentication component from requesting a delay should the authentication as a whole fail. The default action is for the module to request a delay\-on\-failure of the order of two second.
+.TP 3n
+\fBuse_authtok\fR
+When password changing enforce the module to set the new password to the one provided by a previously stacked
+\fBpassword\fR
+module (this is used in the example of the stacking of the
+\fBpam_cracklib\fR
+module documented above).
+.TP 3n
+\fBnot_set_pass\fR
+This argument is used to inform the module that it is not to pay attention to/make available the old or new passwords from/to other (stacked) password modules.
+.TP 3n
+\fBnis\fR
+NIS RPC is used for setting new passwords.
+.TP 3n
+\fBremember=\fR\fB\fIn\fR\fR
+The last
+\fIn\fR
+passwords for each user are saved in
+\fI/etc/security/opasswd\fR
+in order to force password change history and keep the user from alternating between the same password too frequently.
+.TP 3n
+\fBshadow\fR
+Try to maintain a shadow based system.
+.TP 3n
+\fBmd5\fR
+When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the MD5 algorithm.
+.TP 3n
+\fBbigcrypt\fR
+When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the DEC C2 algorithm.
+.TP 3n
+\fBbroken_shadow\fR
+Ignore errors reading shadow inforation for users in the account management module.
+.PP
+Invalid arguments are logged with
+\fBsyslog\fR(3).
+.SH "MODULE SERVICES PROVIDED"
+.PP
+All service are supported.
+.SH "RETURN VALUES"
+.TP 3n
+PAM_IGNORE
+Ignore this module.
+.SH "EXAMPLES"
+.PP
+An example usage for
+\fI/etc/pam.d/login\fR
+would be:
+.sp
+.RS 3n
+.nf
+# Authenticate the user
+auth required pam_unix.so
+# Ensure users account and password are still active
+account required pam_unix.so
+# Change the users password, but at first check the strength
+# with pam_cracklib(8)
+password required pam_cracklib.so retry=3 minlen=6 difok=3
+password required pam_unix.so use_authtok nullok md5
+session required pam_unix.so
+
+.fi
+.RE
+.sp
+.SH "SEE ALSO"
+.PP
+
+\fBpam.conf\fR(5),
+\fBpam.d\fR(8),
+\fBpam\fR(8)
+.SH "AUTHOR"
+.PP
+pam_unix was written by various people.
diff --git a/modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8.xml b/modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8.xml
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..25a705c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/modules/pam_unix/pam_unix.8.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,340 @@
+<?xml version="1.0" encoding='UTF-8'?>
+<!DOCTYPE refentry PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.3//EN"
+ "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.3/docbookx.dtd">
+
+<refentry id="pam_unix">
+
+ <refmeta>
+ <refentrytitle>pam_unix</refentrytitle>
+ <manvolnum>8</manvolnum>
+ <refmiscinfo class="sectdesc">Linux-PAM Manual</refmiscinfo>
+ </refmeta>
+
+ <refnamediv id="pam_unix-name">
+ <refname>pam_unix</refname>
+ <refpurpose>Module for traditional password authentication</refpurpose>
+ </refnamediv>
+
+ <refsynopsisdiv>
+ <cmdsynopsis id="pam_unix-cmdsynopsis">
+ <command>pam_unix.so</command>
+ <arg choice="opt">
+ ...
+ </arg>
+ </cmdsynopsis>
+ </refsynopsisdiv>
+
+ <refsect1 id="pam_unix-description">
+
+ <title>DESCRIPTION</title>
+
+ <para>
+ This is the standard Unix authentication module. It uses standard
+ calls from the system's libraries to retrieve and set account
+ information as well as authentication. Usually this is obtained
+ from the /etc/passwd and the /etc/shadow file as well if shadow is
+ enabled.
+ </para>
+
+ <para>
+ The account component performs the task of establishing the status
+ of the user's account and password based on the following
+ <emphasis>shadow</emphasis> elements: expire, last_change, max_change,
+ min_change, warn_change. In the case of the latter, it may offer advice
+ to the user on changing their password or, through the
+ <emphasis remap='B'>PAM_AUTHTOKEN_REQD</emphasis> return, delay
+ giving service to the user until they have established a new password.
+ The entries listed above are documented in the <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>shadow</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry> manual page. Should the user's record not contain
+ one or more of these entries, the corresponding
+ <emphasis>shadow</emphasis> check is not performed.
+ </para>
+
+ <para>
+ The authentication component performs the task of checking the
+ users credentials (password). The default action of this module
+ is to not permit the user access to a service if their official
+ password is blank.
+ </para>
+
+ <para>
+ A helper binary, <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>unix_chkpwd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>, is provided
+ to check the user's password when it is stored in a read
+ protected database. This binary is very simple and will only
+ check the password of the user invoking it. It is called
+ transparently on behalf of the user by the authenticating
+ component of this module. In this way it is possible
+ for applications like <command>xlock</command> to work without
+ being setuid-root. The module, by default, will temporarily turn
+ off SIGCHLD handling for the duration of execution of the helper
+ binary. This is generally the right thing to do, as many applications
+ are not prepared to handle this signal from a child they didn't know
+ was <function>fork()</function>d. The <option>noreap</option> module
+ argument can be used to suppress this temporary shielding and may be
+ needed for use with certain applications.
+ </para>
+
+ <para>
+ The password component of this module performs the task of updating
+ the user's password.
+ </para>
+
+ <para>
+ The session component of this module logs when a user logins
+ or leave the system.
+ </para>
+
+ <para>
+ Remaining arguments, supported by others functions of this
+ module, are silently ignored. Other arguments are logged as
+ errors through <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>syslog</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>.
+ </para>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1 id="pam_unix-options">
+
+ <title>OPTIONS</title>
+ <variablelist>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>debug</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ Turns on debugging via
+ <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>syslog</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>audit</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ A little more extreme than debug.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>nullok</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ The default action of this module is to not permit the
+ user access to a service if their official password is blank.
+ The <option>nullok</option> argument overrides this default.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>try_first_pass</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ Before prompting the user for their password, the module first
+ tries the previous stacked module's password in case that
+ satisfies this module as well.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>use_first_pass</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ The argument <option>use_first_pass</option> forces the module
+ to use a previous stacked modules password and will never prompt
+ the user - if no password is available or the password is not
+ appropriate, the user will be denied access.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>nodelay</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ This argument can be used to discourage the authentication
+ component from requesting a delay should the authentication
+ as a whole fail. The default action is for the module to
+ request a delay-on-failure of the order of two second.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>use_authtok</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ When password changing enforce the module to set the new
+ password to the one provided by a previously stacked
+ <option>password</option> module (this is used in the
+ example of the stacking of the <command>pam_cracklib</command>
+ module documented above).
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>not_set_pass</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ This argument is used to inform the module that it is not to
+ pay attention to/make available the old or new passwords from/to
+ other (stacked) password modules.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>nis</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ NIS RPC is used for setting new passwords.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>remember=<replaceable>n</replaceable></option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ The last <replaceable>n</replaceable> passwords for each
+ user are saved in <filename>/etc/security/opasswd</filename>
+ in order to force password change history and keep the user
+ from alternating between the same password too frequently.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>shadow</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ Try to maintain a shadow based system.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>md5</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ When a user changes their password next, encrypt
+ it with the MD5 algorithm.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>bigcrypt</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ When a user changes their password next,
+ encrypt it with the DEC C2 algorithm.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>
+ <option>broken_shadow</option>
+ </term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ Ignore errors reading shadow inforation for
+ users in the account management module.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ </variablelist>
+ <para>
+ Invalid arguments are logged with <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>syslog</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>.
+ </para>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1 id="pam_unix-services">
+ <title>MODULE SERVICES PROVIDED</title>
+ <para>
+ All service are supported.
+ </para>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1 id='pam_unix-return_values'>
+ <title>RETURN VALUES</title>
+ <variablelist>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>PAM_IGNORE</term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>
+ Ignore this module.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ </variablelist>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1 id='pam_unix-examples'>
+ <title>EXAMPLES</title>
+ <para>
+ An example usage for <filename>/etc/pam.d/login</filename>
+ would be:
+ <programlisting>
+# Authenticate the user
+auth required pam_unix.so
+# Ensure users account and password are still active
+account required pam_unix.so
+# Change the users password, but at first check the strength
+# with pam_cracklib(8)
+password required pam_cracklib.so retry=3 minlen=6 difok=3
+password required pam_unix.so use_authtok nullok md5
+session required pam_unix.so
+ </programlisting>
+ </para>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1 id='pam_unix-see_also'>
+ <title>SEE ALSO</title>
+ <para>
+ <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>pam.conf</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>,
+ <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>pam.d</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>,
+ <citerefentry>
+ <refentrytitle>pam</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum>
+ </citerefentry>
+ </para>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1 id='pam_unix-author'>
+ <title>AUTHOR</title>
+ <para>
+ pam_unix was written by various people.
+ </para>
+ </refsect1>
+
+</refentry>