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'\" t
.\"     Title: pam_exec
.\"    Author: [see the "AUTHOR" section]
.\" Generator: DocBook XSL Stylesheets v1.78.1 <http://docbook.sf.net/>
.\"      Date: 04/01/2016
.\"    Manual: Linux-PAM Manual
.\"    Source: Linux-PAM Manual
.\"  Language: English
.\"
.TH "PAM_EXEC" "8" "04/01/2016" "Linux-PAM Manual" "Linux\-PAM Manual"
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.nh
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.\" * MAIN CONTENT STARTS HERE *
.\" -----------------------------------------------------------------
.SH "NAME"
pam_exec \- PAM module which calls an external command
.SH "SYNOPSIS"
.HP \w'\fBpam_exec\&.so\fR\ 'u
\fBpam_exec\&.so\fR [debug] [expose_authtok] [seteuid] [quiet] [stdout] [log=\fIfile\fR] [type=\fItype\fR] \fIcommand\fR [\fI\&.\&.\&.\fR]
.SH "DESCRIPTION"
.PP
pam_exec is a PAM module that can be used to run an external command\&.
.PP
The child\*(Aqs environment is set to the current PAM environment list, as returned by
\fBpam_getenvlist\fR(3)
In addition, the following PAM items are exported as environment variables:
\fIPAM_RHOST\fR,
\fIPAM_RUSER\fR,
\fIPAM_SERVICE\fR,
\fIPAM_TTY\fR,
\fIPAM_USER\fR
and
\fIPAM_TYPE\fR, which contains one of the module types:
\fBaccount\fR,
\fBauth\fR,
\fBpassword\fR,
\fBopen_session\fR
and
\fBclose_session\fR\&.
.PP
Commands called by pam_exec need to be aware of that the user can have controll over the environment\&.
.SH "OPTIONS"
.PP
.PP
\fBdebug\fR
.RS 4
Print debug information\&.
.RE
.PP
\fBexpose_authtok\fR
.RS 4
During authentication the calling command can read the password from
\fBstdin\fR(3)\&. Only first
\fIPAM_MAX_RESP_SIZE\fR
bytes of a password are provided to the command\&.
.RE
.PP
\fBlog=\fR\fB\fIfile\fR\fR
.RS 4
The output of the command is appended to
file
.RE
.PP
\fBtype=\fR\fB\fItype\fR\fR
.RS 4
Only run the command if the module type matches the given type\&.
.RE
.PP
\fBstdout\fR
.RS 4
Per default the output of the executed command is written to
/dev/null\&. With this option, the stdout output of the executed command is redirected to the calling application\&. It\*(Aqs in the responsibility of this application what happens with the output\&. The
\fBlog\fR
option is ignored\&.
.RE
.PP
\fBquiet\fR
.RS 4
Per default pam_exec\&.so will echo the exit status of the external command if it fails\&. Specifying this option will suppress the message\&.
.RE
.PP
\fBseteuid\fR
.RS 4
Per default pam_exec\&.so will execute the external command with the real user ID of the calling process\&. Specifying this option means the command is run with the effective user ID\&.
.RE
.SH "MODULE TYPES PROVIDED"
.PP
All module types (\fBauth\fR,
\fBaccount\fR,
\fBpassword\fR
and
\fBsession\fR) are provided\&.
.SH "RETURN VALUES"
.PP
.PP
PAM_SUCCESS
.RS 4
The external command was run successfully\&.
.RE
.PP
PAM_SERVICE_ERR
.RS 4
No argument or a wrong number of arguments were given\&.
.RE
.PP
PAM_SYSTEM_ERR
.RS 4
A system error occurred or the command to execute failed\&.
.RE
.PP
PAM_IGNORE
.RS 4
\fBpam_setcred\fR
was called, which does not execute the command\&. Or, the value given for the type= parameter did not match the module type\&.
.RE
.SH "EXAMPLES"
.PP
Add the following line to
/etc/pam\&.d/passwd
to rebuild the NIS database after each local password change:
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
        password optional pam_exec\&.so seteuid /usr/bin/make \-C /var/yp
      
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
This will execute the command
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
make \-C /var/yp
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
with effective user ID\&.
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.PP
\fBpam.conf\fR(5),
\fBpam.d\fR(5),
\fBpam\fR(8)
.SH "AUTHOR"
.PP
pam_exec was written by Thorsten Kukuk <kukuk@thkukuk\&.de> and Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett\&.org>\&.