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+.\"t
+.TH PANDOC_MARKDOWN 5 "July 30, 2011" "Pandoc"
+.SH NAME
+pandoc_markdown - markdown syntax for pandoc(1)
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+.PP
+Pandoc understands an extended and slightly revised version of John
+Gruber\[aq]s markdown syntax.
+This document explains the syntax, noting differences from standard
+markdown.
+Except where noted, these differences can be suppressed by specifying
+the \f[C]--strict\f[] command-line option.
+.SH PHILOSOPHY
+.PP
+Markdown is designed to be easy to write, and, even more importantly,
+easy to read:
+.RS
+.PP
+A Markdown-formatted document should be publishable as-is, as plain
+text, without looking like it\[aq]s been marked up with tags or
+formatting instructions.
+-- John Gruber
+.RE
+.PP
+This principle has guided pandoc\[aq]s decisions in finding syntax for
+tables, footnotes, and other extensions.
+.PP
+There is, however, one respect in which pandoc\[aq]s aims are different
+from the original aims of markdown.
+Whereas markdown was originally designed with HTML generation in mind,
+pandoc is designed for multiple output formats.
+Thus, while pandoc allows the embedding of raw HTML, it discourages it,
+and provides other, non-HTMLish ways of representing important document
+elements like definition lists, tables, mathematics, and footnotes.
+.SH PARAGRAPHS
+.PP
+A paragraph is one or more lines of text followed by one or more blank
+line.
+Newlines are treated as spaces, so you can reflow your paragraphs as you
+like.
+If you need a hard line break, put two or more spaces at the end of a
+line, or type a backslash followed by a newline.
+.SH HEADERS
+.PP
+There are two kinds of headers, Setext and atx.
+.SS Setext-style headers
+.PP
+A setext-style header is a line of text "underlined" with a row of
+\f[C]=\f[] signs (for a level one header) of \f[C]-\f[] signs (for a
+level two header):
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+A\ level-one\ header
+==================
+
+A\ level-two\ header
+------------------
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The header text can contain inline formatting, such as emphasis (see
+Inline formatting, below).
+.SS Atx-style headers
+.PP
+An Atx-style header consists of one to six \f[C]#\f[] signs and a line
+of text, optionally followed by any number of \f[C]#\f[] signs.
+The number of \f[C]#\f[] signs at the beginning of the line is the
+header level:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+##\ A\ level-two\ header
+
+###\ A\ level-three\ header\ ###
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+As with setext-style headers, the header text can contain formatting:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+#\ A\ level-one\ header\ with\ a\ [link](/url)\ and\ *emphasis*
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Standard markdown syntax does not require a blank line before a header.
+Pandoc does require this (except, of course, at the beginning of the
+document).
+The reason for the requirement is that it is all too easy for a
+\f[C]#\f[] to end up at the beginning of a line by accident (perhaps
+through line wrapping).
+Consider, for example:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+I\ like\ several\ of\ their\ flavors\ of\ ice\ cream:
+#22,\ for\ example,\ and\ #5.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Header identifiers in HTML
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Each header element in pandoc\[aq]s HTML output is given a unique
+identifier.
+This identifier is based on the text of the header.
+To derive the identifier from the header text,
+.IP \[bu] 2
+Remove all formatting, links, etc.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+Remove all punctuation, except underscores, hyphens, and periods.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+Replace all spaces and newlines with hyphens.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+Convert all alphabetic characters to lowercase.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+Remove everything up to the first letter (identifiers may not begin with
+a number or punctuation mark).
+.IP \[bu] 2
+If nothing is left after this, use the identifier \f[C]section\f[].
+.PP
+Thus, for example,
+.PP
+.TS
+tab(@);
+l l.
+T{
+Header
+T}@T{
+Identifier
+T}
+_
+T{
+Header identifiers in HTML
+T}@T{
+\f[C]header-identifiers-in-html\f[]
+T}
+T{
+\f[I]Dogs\f[]?--in \f[I]my\f[] house?
+T}@T{
+\f[C]dogs--in-my-house\f[]
+T}
+T{
+HTML, S5, or RTF?
+T}@T{
+\f[C]html-s5-or-rtf\f[]
+T}
+T{
+3.
+Applications
+T}@T{
+\f[C]applications\f[]
+T}
+T{
+33
+T}@T{
+\f[C]section\f[]
+T}
+.TE
+.PP
+These rules should, in most cases, allow one to determine the identifier
+from the header text.
+The exception is when several headers have the same text; in this case,
+the first will get an identifier as described above; the second will get
+the same identifier with \f[C]-1\f[] appended; the third with
+\f[C]-2\f[]; and so on.
+.PP
+These identifiers are used to provide link targets in the table of
+contents generated by the \f[C]--toc|--table-of-contents\f[] option.
+They also make it easy to provide links from one section of a document
+to another.
+A link to this section, for example, might look like this:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+See\ the\ section\ on
+[header\ identifiers](#header-identifiers-in-html).
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Note, however, that this method of providing links to sections works
+only in HTML.
+.PP
+If the \f[C]--section-divs\f[] option is specified, then each section
+will be wrapped in a \f[C]div\f[] (or a \f[C]section\f[], if
+\f[C]--html5\f[] was specified), and the identifier will be attached to
+the enclosing \f[C]<div>\f[] (or \f[C]<section>\f[]) tag rather than the
+header itself.
+This allows entire sections to be manipulated using javascript or
+treated differently in CSS.
+.SH BLOCK QUOTATIONS
+.PP
+Markdown uses email conventions for quoting blocks of text.
+A block quotation is one or more paragraphs or other block elements
+(such as lists or headers), with each line preceded by a \f[C]>\f[]
+character and a space.
+(The \f[C]>\f[] need not start at the left margin, but it should not be
+indented more than three spaces.)
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+>\ This\ is\ a\ block\ quote.\ This
+>\ paragraph\ has\ two\ lines.
+>
+>\ 1.\ This\ is\ a\ list\ inside\ a\ block\ quote.
+>\ 2.\ Second\ item.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+A "lazy" form, which requires the \f[C]>\f[] character only on the first
+line of each block, is also allowed:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+>\ This\ is\ a\ block\ quote.\ This
+paragraph\ has\ two\ lines.
+
+>\ 1.\ This\ is\ a\ list\ inside\ a\ block\ quote.
+2.\ Second\ item.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Among the block elements that can be contained in a block quote are
+other block quotes.
+That is, block quotes can be nested:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+>\ This\ is\ a\ block\ quote.
+>
+>\ >\ A\ block\ quote\ within\ a\ block\ quote.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Standard markdown syntax does not require a blank line before a block
+quote.
+Pandoc does require this (except, of course, at the beginning of the
+document).
+The reason for the requirement is that it is all too easy for a
+\f[C]>\f[] to end up at the beginning of a line by accident (perhaps
+through line wrapping).
+So, unless \f[C]--strict\f[] is used, the following does not produce a
+nested block quote in pandoc:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+>\ This\ is\ a\ block\ quote.
+>>\ Nested.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH VERBATIM (CODE) BLOCKS
+.SS Indented code blocks
+.PP
+A block of text indented four spaces (or one tab) is treated as verbatim
+text: that is, special characters do not trigger special formatting, and
+all spaces and line breaks are preserved.
+For example,
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\ \ \ \ if\ (a\ >\ 3)\ {
+\ \ \ \ \ \ moveShip(5\ *\ gravity,\ DOWN);
+\ \ \ \ }
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The initial (four space or one tab) indentation is not considered part
+of the verbatim text, and is removed in the output.
+.PP
+Note: blank lines in the verbatim text need not begin with four spaces.
+.SS Delimited code blocks
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+In addition to standard indented code blocks, Pandoc supports
+\f[I]delimited\f[] code blocks.
+These begin with a row of three or more tildes (\f[C]~\f[]) and end with
+a row of tildes that must be at least as long as the starting row.
+Everything between the tilde-lines is treated as code.
+No indentation is necessary:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+~~~~~~~
+if\ (a\ >\ 3)\ {
+\ \ moveShip(5\ *\ gravity,\ DOWN);
+}
+~~~~~~~
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Like regular code blocks, delimited code blocks must be separated from
+surrounding text by blank lines.
+.PP
+If the code itself contains a row of tildes, just use a longer row of
+tildes at the start and end:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+~~~~~~~~~~
+code\ including\ tildes
+~~~~~~~~~~
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Optionally, you may specify the language of the code block using this
+syntax:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~\ {.haskell\ .numberLines}
+qsort\ []\ \ \ \ \ =\ []
+qsort\ (x:xs)\ =\ qsort\ (filter\ (<\ x)\ xs)\ ++\ [x]\ ++
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ qsort\ (filter\ (>=\ x)\ xs)\
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Some output formats can use this information to do syntax highlighting.
+Currently, the only output format that uses this information is HTML.
+.PP
+If pandoc has been compiled with syntax highlighting support, then the
+code block above will appear highlighted, with numbered lines.
+(To see which languages are supported, do \f[C]pandoc\ --version\f[].)
+.PP
+If pandoc has not been compiled with syntax highlighting support, the
+code block above will appear as follows:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+<pre\ class="haskell">
+\ \ <code>
+\ \ ...
+\ \ </code>
+</pre>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH LISTS
+.SS Bullet lists
+.PP
+A bullet list is a list of bulleted list items.
+A bulleted list item begins with a bullet (\f[C]*\f[], \f[C]+\f[], or
+\f[C]-\f[]).
+Here is a simple example:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\ one
+*\ two
+*\ three
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+This will produce a "compact" list.
+If you want a "loose" list, in which each item is formatted as a
+paragraph, put spaces between the items:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\ one
+
+*\ two
+
+*\ three
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The bullets need not be flush with the left margin; they may be indented
+one, two, or three spaces.
+The bullet must be followed by whitespace.
+.PP
+List items look best if subsequent lines are flush with the first line
+(after the bullet):
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\ here\ is\ my\ first
+\ \ list\ item.
+*\ and\ my\ second.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+But markdown also allows a "lazy" format:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\ here\ is\ my\ first
+list\ item.
+*\ and\ my\ second.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS The four-space rule
+.PP
+A list item may contain multiple paragraphs and other block-level
+content.
+However, subsequent paragraphs must be preceded by a blank line and
+indented four spaces or a tab.
+The list will look better if the first paragraph is aligned with the
+rest:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\ \ *\ First\ paragraph.
+
+\ \ \ \ Continued.
+
+\ \ *\ Second\ paragraph.\ With\ a\ code\ block,\ which\ must\ be\ indented
+\ \ \ \ eight\ spaces:
+
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ {\ code\ }
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+List items may include other lists.
+In this case the preceding blank line is optional.
+The nested list must be indented four spaces or one tab:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\ fruits
+\ \ \ \ +\ apples
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -\ macintosh
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -\ red\ delicious
+\ \ \ \ +\ pears
+\ \ \ \ +\ peaches
+*\ vegetables
+\ \ \ \ +\ brocolli
+\ \ \ \ +\ chard
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+As noted above, markdown allows you to write list items "lazily,"
+instead of indenting continuation lines.
+However, if there are multiple paragraphs or other blocks in a list
+item, the first line of each must be indented.
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
++\ A\ lazy,\ lazy,\ list
+item.
+
++\ Another\ one;\ this\ looks
+bad\ but\ is\ legal.
+
+\ \ \ \ Second\ paragraph\ of\ second
+list\ item.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+\f[B]Note:\f[] Although the four-space rule for continuation paragraphs
+comes from the official markdown syntax guide, the reference
+implementation, \f[C]Markdown.pl\f[], does not follow it.
+So pandoc will give different results than \f[C]Markdown.pl\f[] when
+authors have indented continuation paragraphs fewer than four spaces.
+.PP
+The markdown syntax guide is not explicit whether the four-space rule
+applies to \f[I]all\f[] block-level content in a list item; it only
+mentions paragraphs and code blocks.
+But it implies that the rule applies to all block-level content
+(including nested lists), and pandoc interprets it that way.
+.SS Ordered lists
+.PP
+Ordered lists work just like bulleted lists, except that the items begin
+with enumerators rather than bullets.
+.PP
+In standard markdown, enumerators are decimal numbers followed by a
+period and a space.
+The numbers themselves are ignored, so there is no difference between
+this list:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+1.\ \ one
+2.\ \ two
+3.\ \ three
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+and this one:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+5.\ \ one
+7.\ \ two
+1.\ \ three
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Unlike standard markdown, Pandoc allows ordered list items to be marked
+with uppercase and lowercase letters and roman numerals, in addition to
+arabic numerals.
+List markers may be enclosed in parentheses or followed by a single
+right-parentheses or period.
+They must be separated from the text that follows by at least one space,
+and, if the list marker is a capital letter with a period, by at least
+two spaces.[1]
+.PP
+Pandoc also pays attention to the type of list marker used, and to the
+starting number, and both of these are preserved where possible in the
+output format.
+Thus, the following yields a list with numbers followed by a single
+parenthesis, starting with 9, and a sublist with lowercase roman
+numerals:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\ 9)\ \ Ninth
+10)\ \ Tenth
+11)\ \ Eleventh
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ i.\ subone
+\ \ \ \ \ \ ii.\ subtwo
+\ \ \ \ \ iii.\ subthree
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Note that Pandoc pays attention only to the \f[I]starting\f[] marker in
+a list.
+So, the following yields a list numbered sequentially starting from 2:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+(2)\ Two
+(5)\ Three
+1.\ \ Four
+*\ \ \ Five
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+If default list markers are desired, use \f[C]#.\f[]:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+#.\ \ one
+#.\ \ two
+#.\ \ three
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Definition lists
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Pandoc supports definition lists, using a syntax inspired by PHP
+Markdown Extra and reStructuredText:[2]
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Term\ 1
+
+:\ \ \ Definition\ 1
+
+Term\ 2\ with\ *inline\ markup*
+
+:\ \ \ Definition\ 2
+
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ {\ some\ code,\ part\ of\ Definition\ 2\ }
+
+\ \ \ \ Third\ paragraph\ of\ definition\ 2.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Each term must fit on one line, which may optionally be followed by a
+blank line, and must be followed by one or more definitions.
+A definition begins with a colon or tilde, which may be indented one or
+two spaces.
+A term may have multiple definitions, and each definition may consist of
+one or more block elements (paragraph, code block, list, etc.)
+, each indented four spaces or one tab stop.
+.PP
+If you leave space after the definition (as in the example above), the
+blocks of the definitions will be considered paragraphs.
+In some output formats, this will mean greater spacing between
+term/definition pairs.
+For a compact definition list, do not leave space between the definition
+and the next term:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Term\ 1
+\ \ ~\ Definition\ 1
+Term\ 2
+\ \ ~\ Definition\ 2a
+\ \ ~\ Definition\ 2b
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Numbered example lists
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+The special list marker \f[C]\@\f[] can be used for sequentially
+numbered examples.
+The first list item with a \f[C]\@\f[] marker will be numbered
+\[aq]1\[aq], the next \[aq]2\[aq], and so on, throughout the document.
+The numbered examples need not occur in a single list; each new list
+using \f[C]\@\f[] will take up where the last stopped.
+So, for example:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+(\@)\ \ My\ first\ example\ will\ be\ numbered\ (1).
+(\@)\ \ My\ second\ example\ will\ be\ numbered\ (2).
+
+Explanation\ of\ examples.
+
+(\@)\ \ My\ third\ example\ will\ be\ numbered\ (3).
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Numbered examples can be labeled and referred to elsewhere in the
+document:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+(\@good)\ \ This\ is\ a\ good\ example.
+
+As\ (\@good)\ illustrates,\ ...
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The label can be any string of alphanumeric characters, underscores, or
+hyphens.
+.SS Compact and loose lists
+.PP
+Pandoc behaves differently from \f[C]Markdown.pl\f[] on some "edge
+cases" involving lists.
+Consider this source:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
++\ \ \ First
++\ \ \ Second:
+\ -\ \ \ Fee
+\ -\ \ \ Fie
+\ -\ \ \ Foe
+
++\ \ \ Third
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Pandoc transforms this into a "compact list" (with no \f[C]<p>\f[] tags
+around "First", "Second", or "Third"), while markdown puts \f[C]<p>\f[]
+tags around "Second" and "Third" (but not "First"), because of the blank
+space around "Third".
+Pandoc follows a simple rule: if the text is followed by a blank line,
+it is treated as a paragraph.
+Since "Second" is followed by a list, and not a blank line, it isn\[aq]t
+treated as a paragraph.
+The fact that the list is followed by a blank line is irrelevant.
+(Note: Pandoc works this way even when the \f[C]--strict\f[] option is
+specified.
+This behavior is consistent with the official markdown syntax
+description, even though it is different from that of
+\f[C]Markdown.pl\f[].)
+.SS Ending a list
+.PP
+What if you want to put an indented code block after a list?
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+-\ \ \ item\ one
+-\ \ \ item\ two
+
+\ \ \ \ {\ my\ code\ block\ }
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Trouble! Here pandoc (like other markdown implementations) will treat
+\f[C]{\ my\ code\ block\ }\f[] as the second paragraph of item two, and
+not as a code block.
+.PP
+To "cut off" the list after item two, you can insert some non-indented
+content, like an HTML comment, which won\[aq]t produce visible output in
+any format:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+-\ \ \ item\ one
+-\ \ \ item\ two
+
+<!--\ end\ of\ list\ -->
+
+\ \ \ \ {\ my\ code\ block\ }
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+You can use the same trick if you want two consecutive lists instead of
+one big list:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+1.\ \ one
+2.\ \ two
+3.\ \ three
+
+<!--\ -->
+
+a.\ \ uno
+b.\ \ dos
+c.\ \ tres
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH HORIZONTAL RULES
+.PP
+A line containing a row of three or more \f[C]*\f[], \f[C]-\f[], or
+\f[C]_\f[] characters (optionally separated by spaces) produces a
+horizontal rule:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\ \ *\ \ *\ \ *
+
+---------------
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH TABLES
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Three kinds of tables may be used.
+All three kinds presuppose the use of a fixed-width font, such as
+Courier.
+.PP
+\f[B]Simple tables\f[] look like this:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\ \ Right\ \ \ \ \ Left\ \ \ \ \ Center\ \ \ \ \ Default
+-------\ \ \ \ \ ------\ ----------\ \ \ -------
+\ \ \ \ \ 12\ \ \ \ \ 12\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 12\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 12
+\ \ \ \ 123\ \ \ \ \ 123\ \ \ \ \ \ \ 123\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 123
+\ \ \ \ \ \ 1\ \ \ \ \ 1\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 1\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 1
+
+Table:\ \ Demonstration\ of\ simple\ table\ syntax.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The headers and table rows must each fit on one line.
+Column alignments are determined by the position of the header text
+relative to the dashed line below it:[3]
+.IP \[bu] 2
+If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the right side but
+extends beyond it on the left, the column is right-aligned.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the left side but
+extends beyond it on the right, the column is left-aligned.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+If the dashed line extends beyond the header text on both sides, the
+column is centered.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+If the dashed line is flush with the header text on both sides, the
+default alignment is used (in most cases, this will be left).
+.PP
+The table must end with a blank line, or a line of dashes followed by a
+blank line.
+A caption may optionally be provided (as illustrated in the example
+above).
+A caption is a paragraph beginning with the string \f[C]Table:\f[] (or
+just \f[C]:\f[]), which will be stripped off.
+It may appear either before or after the table.
+.PP
+The column headers may be omitted, provided a dashed line is used to end
+the table.
+For example:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+-------\ \ \ \ \ ------\ ----------\ \ \ -------
+\ \ \ \ \ 12\ \ \ \ \ 12\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 12\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 12
+\ \ \ \ 123\ \ \ \ \ 123\ \ \ \ \ \ \ 123\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 123
+\ \ \ \ \ \ 1\ \ \ \ \ 1\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 1\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 1
+-------\ \ \ \ \ ------\ ----------\ \ \ -------
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+When headers are omitted, column alignments are determined on the basis
+of the first line of the table body.
+So, in the tables above, the columns would be right, left, center, and
+right aligned, respectively.
+.PP
+\f[B]Multiline tables\f[] allow headers and table rows to span multiple
+lines of text (but cells that span multiple columns or rows of the table
+are not supported).
+Here is an example:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+-------------------------------------------------------------
+\ Centered\ \ \ Default\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ Right\ Left
+\ \ Header\ \ \ \ Aligned\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ Aligned\ Aligned
+-----------\ -------\ ---------------\ -------------------------
+\ \ \ First\ \ \ \ row\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 12.0\ Example\ of\ a\ row\ that
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ spans\ multiple\ lines.
+
+\ \ Second\ \ \ \ row\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 5.0\ Here\[aq]s\ another\ one.\ Note
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ the\ blank\ line\ between
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ rows.
+-------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Table:\ Here\[aq]s\ the\ caption.\ It,\ too,\ may\ span
+multiple\ lines.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+These work like simple tables, but with the following differences:
+.IP \[bu] 2
+They must begin with a row of dashes, before the header text (unless the
+headers are omitted).
+.IP \[bu] 2
+They must end with a row of dashes, then a blank line.
+.IP \[bu] 2
+The rows must be separated by blank lines.
+.PP
+In multiline tables, the table parser pays attention to the widths of
+the columns, and the writers try to reproduce these relative widths in
+the output.
+So, if you find that one of the columns is too narrow in the output, try
+widening it in the markdown source.
+.PP
+Headers may be omitted in multiline tables as well as simple tables:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+-----------\ -------\ ---------------\ -------------------------
+\ \ \ First\ \ \ \ row\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 12.0\ Example\ of\ a\ row\ that
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ spans\ multiple\ lines.
+
+\ \ Second\ \ \ \ row\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 5.0\ Here\[aq]s\ another\ one.\ Note
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ the\ blank\ line\ between
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ rows.
+-------------------------------------------------------------
+
+:\ Here\[aq]s\ a\ multiline\ table\ without\ headers.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+It is possible for a multiline table to have just one row, but the row
+should be followed by a blank line (and then the row of dashes that ends
+the table), or the table may be interpreted as a simple table.
+.PP
+\f[B]Grid tables\f[] look like this:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+:\ Sample\ grid\ table.
+
++---------------+---------------+--------------------+
+|\ Fruit\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ Price\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ Advantages\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |
++===============+===============+====================+
+|\ Bananas\ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ $1.34\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ -\ built-in\ wrapper\ |
+|\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ -\ bright\ color\ \ \ \ \ |
++---------------+---------------+--------------------+
+|\ Oranges\ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ $2.10\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ -\ cures\ scurvy\ \ \ \ \ |
+|\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |\ -\ tasty\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ |
++---------------+---------------+--------------------+
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The row of \f[C]=\f[]s separates the header from the table body, and can
+be omitted for a headerless table.
+The cells of grid tables may contain arbitrary block elements (multiple
+paragraphs, code blocks, lists, etc.)
+\&.
+Alignments are not supported, nor are cells that span multiple columns
+or rows.
+Grid tables can be created easily using Emacs table mode.
+.SH TITLE BLOCK
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+If the file begins with a title block
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%\ title
+%\ author(s)\ (separated\ by\ semicolons)
+%\ date
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+it will be parsed as bibliographic information, not regular text.
+(It will be used, for example, in the title of standalone LaTeX or HTML
+output.)
+ The block may contain just a title, a title and an author, or all three
+elements.
+If you want to include an author but no title, or a title and a date but
+no author, you need a blank line:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%
+%\ Author
+
+%\ My\ title
+%
+%\ June\ 15,\ 2006
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The title may occupy multiple lines, but continuation lines must begin
+with leading space, thus:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%\ My\ title
+\ \ on\ multiple\ lines
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+If a document has multiple authors, the authors may be put on separate
+lines with leading space, or separated by semicolons, or both.
+So, all of the following are equivalent:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%\ Author\ One
+\ \ Author\ Two
+
+%\ Author\ One;\ Author\ Two
+
+%\ Author\ One;
+\ \ Author\ Two
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The date must fit on one line.
+.PP
+All three metadata fields may contain standard inline formatting
+(italics, links, footnotes, etc.)
+\&.
+.PP
+Title blocks will always be parsed, but they will affect the output only
+when the \f[C]--standalone\f[] (\f[C]-s\f[]) option is chosen.
+In HTML output, titles will appear twice: once in the document head --
+this is the title that will appear at the top of the window in a browser
+-- and once at the beginning of the document body.
+The title in the document head can have an optional prefix attached
+(\f[C]--title-prefix\f[] or \f[C]-T\f[] option).
+The title in the body appears as an H1 element with class "title", so it
+can be suppressed or reformatted with CSS.
+If a title prefix is specified with \f[C]-T\f[] and no title block
+appears in the document, the title prefix will be used by itself as the
+HTML title.
+.PP
+The man page writer extracts a title, man page section number, and other
+header and footer information from the title line.
+The title is assumed to be the first word on the title line, which may
+optionally end with a (single-digit) section number in parentheses.
+(There should be no space between the title and the parentheses.)
+ Anything after this is assumed to be additional footer and header text.
+A single pipe character (\f[C]|\f[]) should be used to separate the
+footer text from the header text.
+Thus,
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%\ PANDOC(1)
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+will yield a man page with the title \f[C]PANDOC\f[] and section 1.
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%\ PANDOC(1)\ Pandoc\ User\ Manuals
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+will also have "Pandoc User Manuals" in the footer.
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+%\ PANDOC(1)\ Pandoc\ User\ Manuals\ |\ Version\ 4.0
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+will also have "Version 4.0" in the header.
+.SH BACKSLASH ESCAPES
+.PP
+Except inside a code block or inline code, any punctuation or space
+character preceded by a backslash will be treated literally, even if it
+would normally indicate formatting.
+Thus, for example, if one writes
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+*\\*hello\\**
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+one will get
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+<em>*hello*</em>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+instead of
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+<strong>hello</strong>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+This rule is easier to remember than standard markdown\[aq]s rule, which
+allows only the following characters to be backslash-escaped:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\\`*_{}[]()>#+-.!
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+(However, if the \f[C]--strict\f[] option is supplied, the standard
+markdown rule will be used.)
+.PP
+A backslash-escaped space is parsed as a nonbreaking space.
+It will appear in TeX output as \f[C]~\f[] and in HTML and XML as
+\f[C]\\&#160;\f[] or \f[C]\\&nbsp;\f[].
+.PP
+A backslash-escaped newline (i.e.
+a backslash occurring at the end of a line) is parsed as a hard line
+break.
+It will appear in TeX output as \f[C]\\\\\f[] and in HTML as
+\f[C]<br\ />\f[].
+This is a nice alternative to markdown\[aq]s "invisible" way of
+indicating hard line breaks using two trailing spaces on a line.
+.PP
+Backslash escapes do not work in verbatim contexts.
+.SH SMART PUNCTUATION
+.PP
+If the \f[C]--smart\f[] option is specified, pandoc will produce
+typographically correct output, converting straight quotes to curly
+quotes, \f[C]---\f[] and \f[C]--\f[] to Em-dashes, and \f[C]...\f[] to
+ellipses.
+Nonbreaking spaces are inserted after certain abbreviations, such as
+"Mr."
+.PP
+Note: if your LaTeX template uses the \f[C]csquotes\f[] package, pandoc
+will detect automatically this and use \f[C]\\enquote{...}\f[] for
+quoted text.
+.SH INLINE FORMATTING
+.SS Emphasis
+.PP
+To \f[I]emphasize\f[] some text, surround it with \f[C]*\f[]s or
+\f[C]_\f[], like this:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ text\ is\ _emphasized\ with\ underscores_,\ and\ this
+is\ *emphasized\ with\ asterisks*.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Double \f[C]*\f[] or \f[C]_\f[] produces \f[B]strong emphasis\f[]:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ is\ **strong\ emphasis**\ and\ __with\ underscores__.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+A \f[C]*\f[] or \f[C]_\f[] character surrounded by spaces, or
+backslash-escaped, will not trigger emphasis:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ is\ *\ not\ emphasized\ *,\ and\ \\*neither\ is\ this\\*.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Because \f[C]_\f[] is sometimes used inside words and identifiers,
+pandoc does not interpret a \f[C]_\f[] surrounded by alphanumeric
+characters as an emphasis marker.
+If you want to emphasize just part of a word, use \f[C]*\f[]:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+feas*ible*,\ not\ feas*able*.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Strikeout
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+To strikeout a section of text with a horizontal line, begin and end it
+with \f[C]~~\f[].
+Thus, for example,
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ ~~is\ deleted\ text.~~
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Superscripts and subscripts
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Superscripts may be written by surrounding the superscripted text by
+\f[C]^\f[] characters; subscripts may be written by surrounding the
+subscripted text by \f[C]~\f[] characters.
+Thus, for example,
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+H~2~O\ is\ a\ liquid.\ \ 2^10^\ is\ 1024.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+If the superscripted or subscripted text contains spaces, these spaces
+must be escaped with backslashes.
+(This is to prevent accidental superscripting and subscripting through
+the ordinary use of \f[C]~\f[] and \f[C]^\f[].)
+ Thus, if you want the letter P with \[aq]a cat\[aq] in subscripts, use
+\f[C]P~a\\\ cat~\f[], not \f[C]P~a\ cat~\f[].
+.SS Verbatim
+.PP
+To make a short span of text verbatim, put it inside backticks:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+What\ is\ the\ difference\ between\ `>>=`\ and\ `>>`?
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+If the verbatim text includes a backtick, use double backticks:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Here\ is\ a\ literal\ backtick\ ``\ `\ ``.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+(The spaces after the opening backticks and before the closing backticks
+will be ignored.)
+.PP
+The general rule is that a verbatim span starts with a string of
+consecutive backticks (optionally followed by a space) and ends with a
+string of the same number of backticks (optionally preceded by a space).
+.PP
+Note that backslash-escapes (and other markdown constructs) do not work
+in verbatim contexts:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ is\ a\ backslash\ followed\ by\ an\ asterisk:\ `\\*`.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH MATH
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Anything between two \f[C]$\f[] characters will be treated as TeX math.
+The opening \f[C]$\f[] must have a character immediately to its right,
+while the closing \f[C]$\f[] must have a character immediately to its
+left.
+Thus, \f[C]$20,000\ and\ $30,000\f[] won\[aq]t parse as math.
+If for some reason you need to enclose text in literal \f[C]$\f[]
+characters, backslash-escape them and they won\[aq]t be treated as math
+delimiters.
+.PP
+TeX math will be printed in all output formats.
+How it is rendered depends on the output format:
+.TP
+.B Markdown, reStructuredText, LaTeX, Org-Mode, ConTeXt
+It will appear verbatim between \f[C]$\f[] characters.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B reStructuredText
+It will be rendered using an interpreted text role \f[C]:math:\f[], as
+described here.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B Texinfo
+It will be rendered inside a \f[C]\@math\f[] command.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B groff man
+It will be rendered verbatim without \f[C]$\f[]\[aq]s.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B MediaWiki
+It will be rendered inside \f[C]<math>\f[] tags.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B Textile
+It will be rendered inside \f[C]<span\ class="math">\f[] tags.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B RTF, Docbook, OpenDocument, ODT
+It will be rendered, if possible, using unicode characters, and will
+otherwise appear verbatim.
+.RS
+.RE
+.TP
+.B HTML, Slidy, DZSlides, S5, EPUB
+The way math is rendered in HTML will depend on the command-line options
+selected:
+.RS
+.IP "1." 3
+The default is to render TeX math as far as possible using unicode
+characters, as with RTF, Docbook, and OpenDocument output.
+Formulas are put inside a \f[C]span\f[] with \f[C]class="math"\f[], so
+that they may be styled differently from the surrounding text if needed.
+.IP "2." 3
+If the \f[C]--latexmathml\f[] option is used, TeX math will be displayed
+between $ or $$ characters and put in \f[C]<span>\f[] tags with class
+\f[C]LaTeX\f[].
+The LaTeXMathML script will be used to render it as formulas.
+(This trick does not work in all browsers, but it works in Firefox.
+In browsers that do not support LaTeXMathML, TeX math will appear
+verbatim between $ characters.)
+.IP "3." 3
+If the \f[C]--jsmath\f[] option is used, TeX math will be put inside
+\f[C]<span>\f[] tags (for inline math) or \f[C]<div>\f[] tags (for
+display math) with class \f[C]math\f[].
+The jsMath script will be used to render it.
+.IP "4." 3
+If the \f[C]--mimetex\f[] option is used, the mimeTeX CGI script will be
+called to generate images for each TeX formula.
+This should work in all browsers.
+The \f[C]--mimetex\f[] option takes an optional URL as argument.
+If no URL is specified, it will be assumed that the mimeTeX CGI script
+is at \f[C]/cgi-bin/mimetex.cgi\f[].
+.IP "5." 3
+If the \f[C]--gladtex\f[] option is used, TeX formulas will be enclosed
+in \f[C]<eq>\f[] tags in the HTML output.
+The resulting \f[C]htex\f[] file may then be processed by gladTeX, which
+will produce image files for each formula and an \f[C]html\f[] file with
+links to these images.
+So, the procedure is:
+.RS 4
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+pandoc\ -s\ --gladtex\ myfile.txt\ -o\ myfile.htex
+gladtex\ -d\ myfile-images\ myfile.htex
+#\ produces\ myfile.html\ and\ images\ in\ myfile-images
+\f[]
+.fi
+.RE
+.IP "6." 3
+If the \f[C]--webtex\f[] option is used, TeX formulas will be converted
+to \f[C]<img>\f[] tags that link to an external script that converts
+formulas to images.
+The formula will be URL-encoded and concatenated with the URL provided.
+If no URL is specified, the Google Chart API will be used
+(\f[C]http://chart.apis.google.com/chart?cht=tx&chl=\f[]).
+.RE
+.SH RAW HTML
+.PP
+Markdown allows you to insert raw HTML anywhere in a document (except
+verbatim contexts, where \f[C]<\f[], \f[C]>\f[], and \f[C]&\f[] are
+interpreted literally).
+.PP
+The raw HTML is passed through unchanged in HTML, S5, Slidy, DZSlides,
+EPUB, Markdown, and Textile output, and suppressed in other formats.
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Standard markdown allows you to include HTML "blocks": blocks of HTML
+between balanced tags that are separated from the surrounding text with
+blank lines, and start and end at the left margin.
+Within these blocks, everything is interpreted as HTML, not markdown; so
+(for example), \f[C]*\f[] does not signify emphasis.
+.PP
+Pandoc behaves this way when \f[C]--strict\f[] is specified; but by
+default, pandoc interprets material between HTML block tags as markdown.
+Thus, for example, Pandoc will turn
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+<table>
+\ <tr>
+\ \ <td>*one*</td>
+\ \ <td>[a\ link](http://google.com)</td>
+\ </tr>
+</table>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+into
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+<table>
+\ <tr>
+\ \ <td><em>one</em></td>
+\ \ <td><a\ href="http://google.com">a\ link</a></td>
+\ </tr>
+</table>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+whereas \f[C]Markdown.pl\f[] will preserve it as is.
+.PP
+There is one exception to this rule: text between \f[C]<script>\f[] and
+\f[C]<style>\f[] tags is not interpreted as markdown.
+.PP
+This departure from standard markdown should make it easier to mix
+markdown with HTML block elements.
+For example, one can surround a block of markdown text with
+\f[C]<div>\f[] tags without preventing it from being interpreted as
+markdown.
+.SH RAW TEX
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+In addition to raw HTML, pandoc allows raw LaTeX, TeX, and ConTeXt to be
+included in a document.
+Inline TeX commands will be preserved and passed unchanged to the LaTeX
+and ConTeXt writers.
+Thus, for example, you can use LaTeX to include BibTeX citations:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ result\ was\ proved\ in\ \\cite{jones.1967}.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Note that in LaTeX environments, like
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\\begin{tabular}{|l|l|}\\hline
+Age\ &\ Frequency\ \\\\\ \\hline
+18--25\ \ &\ 15\ \\\\
+26--35\ \ &\ 33\ \\\\\
+36--45\ \ &\ 22\ \\\\\ \\hline
+\\end{tabular}
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+the material between the begin and end tags will be interpreted as raw
+LaTeX, not as markdown.
+.PP
+Inline LaTeX is ignored in output formats other than Markdown, LaTeX,
+and ConTeXt.
+.SS Macros
+.PP
+For output formats other than LaTeX, pandoc will parse LaTeX
+\f[C]\\newcommand\f[] and \f[C]\\renewcommand\f[] definitions and apply
+the resulting macros to all LaTeX math.
+So, for example, the following will work in all output formats, not just
+LaTeX:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\\newcommand{\\tuple}[1]{\\langle\ #1\ \\rangle}
+
+$\\tuple{a,\ b,\ c}$
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+In LaTeX output, the \f[C]\\newcommand\f[] definition will simply be
+passed unchanged to the output.
+.SH LINKS
+.PP
+Markdown allows links to be specified in several ways.
+.SS Automatic links
+.PP
+If you enclose a URL or email address in pointy brackets, it will become
+a link:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+<http://google.com>
+<sam\@green.eggs.ham>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Inline links
+.PP
+An inline link consists of the link text in square brackets, followed by
+the URL in parentheses.
+(Optionally, the URL can be followed by a link title, in quotes.)
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+This\ is\ an\ [inline\ link](/url),\ and\ here\[aq]s\ [one\ with
+a\ title](http://fsf.org\ "click\ here\ for\ a\ good\ time!").
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+There can be no space between the bracketed part and the parenthesized
+part.
+The link text can contain formatting (such as emphasis), but the title
+cannot.
+.SS Reference links
+.PP
+An \f[I]explicit\f[] reference link has two parts, the link itself and
+the link definition, which may occur elsewhere in the document (either
+before or after the link).
+.PP
+The link consists of link text in square brackets, followed by a label
+in square brackets.
+(There can be space between the two.)
+ The link definition must begin at the left margin or indented no more
+than three spaces.
+It consists of the bracketed label, followed by a colon and a space,
+followed by the URL, and optionally (after a space) a link title either
+in quotes or in parentheses.
+.PP
+Here are some examples:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+[my\ label\ 1]:\ /foo/bar.html\ \ "My\ title,\ optional"
+[my\ label\ 2]:\ /foo
+[my\ label\ 3]:\ http://fsf.org\ (The\ free\ software\ foundation)
+[my\ label\ 4]:\ /bar#special\ \ \[aq]A\ title\ in\ single\ quotes\[aq]
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The URL may optionally be surrounded by angle brackets:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+[my\ label\ 5]:\ <http://foo.bar.baz>
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The title may go on the next line:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+[my\ label\ 3]:\ http://fsf.org
+\ \ "The\ free\ software\ foundation"
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Note that link labels are not case sensitive.
+So, this will work:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Here\ is\ [my\ link][FOO]
+
+[Foo]:\ /bar/baz
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+In an \f[I]implicit\f[] reference link, the second pair of brackets is
+empty, or omitted entirely:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+See\ [my\ website][],\ or\ [my\ website].
+
+[my\ website]:\ http://foo.bar.baz
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH IMAGES
+.PP
+A link immediately preceded by a \f[C]!\f[] will be treated as an image.
+The link text will be used as the image\[aq]s alt text:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+![la\ lune](lalune.jpg\ "Voyage\ to\ the\ moon")
+
+![movie\ reel]
+
+[movie\ reel]:\ movie.gif
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS Pictures with captions
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+An image occurring by itself in a paragraph will be rendered as a figure
+with a caption.[4] (In LaTeX, a figure environment will be used; in
+HTML, the image will be placed in a \f[C]div\f[] with class
+\f[C]figure\f[], together with a caption in a \f[C]p\f[] with class
+\f[C]caption\f[].)
+ The image\[aq]s alt text will be used as the caption.
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+![This\ is\ the\ caption](/url/of/image.png)
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+If you just want a regular inline image, just make sure it is not the
+only thing in the paragraph.
+One way to do this is to insert a nonbreaking space after the image:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+![This\ image\ won\[aq]t\ be\ a\ figure](/url/of/image.png)\\\
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SH FOOTNOTES
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Pandoc\[aq]s markdown allows footnotes, using the following syntax:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Here\ is\ a\ footnote\ reference,[^1]\ and\ another.[^longnote]
+
+[^1]:\ Here\ is\ the\ footnote.
+
+[^longnote]:\ Here\[aq]s\ one\ with\ multiple\ blocks.
+
+\ \ \ \ Subsequent\ paragraphs\ are\ indented\ to\ show\ that\ they\
+belong\ to\ the\ previous\ footnote.
+
+\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ {\ some.code\ }
+
+\ \ \ \ The\ whole\ paragraph\ can\ be\ indented,\ or\ just\ the\ first
+\ \ \ \ line.\ \ In\ this\ way,\ multi-paragraph\ footnotes\ work\ like
+\ \ \ \ multi-paragraph\ list\ items.
+
+This\ paragraph\ won\[aq]t\ be\ part\ of\ the\ note,\ because\ it
+isn\[aq]t\ indented.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The identifiers in footnote references may not contain spaces, tabs, or
+newlines.
+These identifiers are used only to correlate the footnote reference with
+the note itself; in the output, footnotes will be numbered sequentially.
+.PP
+The footnotes themselves need not be placed at the end of the document.
+They may appear anywhere except inside other block elements (lists,
+block quotes, tables, etc.)
+\&.
+.PP
+Inline footnotes are also allowed (though, unlike regular notes, they
+cannot contain multiple paragraphs).
+The syntax is as follows:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Here\ is\ an\ inline\ note.^[Inlines\ notes\ are\ easier\ to\ write,\ since
+you\ don\[aq]t\ have\ to\ pick\ an\ identifier\ and\ move\ down\ to\ type\ the
+note.]
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+Inline and regular footnotes may be mixed freely.
+.SH CITATIONS
+.PP
+\f[I]Pandoc extension\f[].
+.PP
+Pandoc can automatically generate citations and a bibliography in a
+number of styles (using Andrea Rossato\[aq]s \f[C]hs-citeproc\f[]).
+In order to use this feature, you will need a bibliographic database in
+one of the following formats:
+.PP
+.TS
+tab(@);
+l l.
+T{
+Format
+T}@T{
+File extension
+T}
+_
+T{
+MODS
+T}@T{
+\&.mods
+T}
+T{
+BibTeX/BibLaTeX
+T}@T{
+\&.bib
+T}
+T{
+RIS
+T}@T{
+\&.ris
+T}
+T{
+EndNote
+T}@T{
+\&.enl
+T}
+T{
+EndNote XML
+T}@T{
+\&.xml
+T}
+T{
+ISI
+T}@T{
+\&.wos
+T}
+T{
+MEDLINE
+T}@T{
+\&.medline
+T}
+T{
+Copac
+T}@T{
+\&.copac
+T}
+T{
+JSON citeproc
+T}@T{
+\&.json
+T}
+.TE
+.PP
+You will need to specify the bibliography file using the
+\f[C]--bibliography\f[] command-line option (which may be repeated if
+you have several bibliographies).
+.PP
+By default, pandoc will use a Chicago author-date format for citations
+and references.
+To use another style, you will need to use the \f[C]--csl\f[] option to
+specify a CSL 1.0 style file.
+A primer on creating and modifying CSL styles can be found at
+\f[C]http://citationstyles.org/downloads/primer.html\f[].
+A repository of CSL styles can be found at
+\f[C]https://github.com/citation-style-language/styles\f[].
+See also \f[C]http://zotero.org/styles\f[] for easy browsing.
+.PP
+Citations go inside square brackets and are separated by semicolons.
+Each citation must have a key, composed of \[aq]\@\[aq] + the citation
+identifier from the database, and may optionally have a prefix, a
+locator, and a suffix.
+Here are some examples:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Blah\ blah\ [see\ \@doe99,\ pp.\ 33-35;\ also\ \@smith04,\ ch.\ 1].
+
+Blah\ blah\ [\@doe99,\ pp.\ 33-35,\ 38-39\ and\ *passim*].
+
+Blah\ blah\ [\@smith04;\ \@doe99].
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+A minus sign (\f[C]-\f[]) before the \f[C]\@\f[] will suppress mention
+of the author in the citation.
+This can be useful when the author is already mentioned in the text:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+Smith\ says\ blah\ [-\@smith04].
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+You can also write an in-text citation, as follows:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+\@smith04\ says\ blah.
+
+\@smith04\ [p.\ 33]\ says\ blah.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+If the style calls for a list of works cited, it will be placed at the
+end of the document.
+Normally, you will want to end your document with an appropriate header:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+last\ paragraph...
+
+#\ References
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+The bibliography will be inserted after this header.
+.SH NOTES
+.SS [1]
+.PP
+The point of this rule is to ensure that normal paragraphs starting with
+people\[aq]s initials, like
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+B.\ Russell\ was\ an\ English\ philosopher.
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+do not get treated as list items.
+.PP
+This rule will not prevent
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+(C)\ 2007\ Joe\ Smith
+\f[]
+.fi
+.PP
+from being interpreted as a list item.
+In this case, a backslash escape can be used:
+.IP
+.nf
+\f[C]
+(C\\)\ 2007\ Joe\ Smith
+\f[]
+.fi
+.SS [2]
+.PP
+I have also been influenced by the suggestions of David Wheeler.
+.SS [3]
+.PP
+This scheme is due to Michel Fortin, who proposed it on the Markdown
+discussion list.
+.SS [4]
+.PP
+This feature is not yet implemented for RTF, OpenDocument, or ODT.
+In those formats, you\[aq]ll just get an image in a paragraph by itself,
+with no caption.
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.PP
+\f[C]pandoc\f[] (1).