summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/README
blob: 0b934b2cab5769603d175384966e8cb055fe91d5 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
% Pandoc
% John MacFarlane
% December 29, 2006

Pandoc is a [Haskell] library for converting from one markup format
to another, and a command-line tool that uses this library. It can read
[markdown] and (subsets of) [reStructuredText], [HTML], and [LaTeX],
and it can write [markdown], [reStructuredText], [HTML], [LaTeX], [RTF],
[DocBook XML], and [S5] HTML slide shows. Pandoc's version of markdown
contains some enhancements, like footnotes and embedded LaTeX.

In contrast to existing tools for converting markdown to HTML, which
use regex substitutions, Pandoc has a modular design: it consists of a
set of readers, which parse text in a given format and produce a native
representation of the document, and a set of writers, which convert
this native representation into a target format. Thus, adding an input
or output format requires only adding a reader or writer.

[markdown]: http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/
[reStructuredText]: http://docutils.sourceforge.net/docs/ref/rst/introduction.html
[S5]: http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/s5/
[HTML]:  http://www.w3.org/TR/html40/
[LaTeX]: http://www.latex-project.org/
[RTF]:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rich_Text_Format
[DocBook XML]:  http://www.docbook.org/
[Haskell]:  http://www.haskell.org/

(c) 2006 John MacFarlane (jgm at berkeley dot edu). Released under the
[GPL], version 2 or greater.  This software carries no warranty of
any kind.  (See COPYRIGHT for full copyright and warranty notices.)
Recai OktaƟ (roktas at debian dot org) deserves credit for the build
system, the debian package, and the robust wrapper scripts.

[GPL]: http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html "GNU General Public License"

Requirements
============

The `pandoc` program itself does not depend on any external libraries
or programs.

The wrapper script `html2markdown` requires

  - `pandoc` (which must be in the PATH)
  - a POSIX-compliant shell (installed by default on all linux and unix
    systems, including Mac OS X, and in [Cygwin] for Windows),
  - `HTML Tidy`
  - `iconv` (for character encoding conversion).  (If `iconv` is absent,
    `html2markdown` will still work, but it will treat everything as UTF-8.)

The wrapper script `markdown2pdf` requires

  - `pandoc` (which must be in the PATH)
  - a POSIX-compliant shell
  - `pdflatex`, which should be part of any [LaTeX] distribution
  - the [unicode] and [fancyvrb] LaTeX packages, which are included
    in many LaTeX distributions.[^1] If your installation of LaTeX
    does not include these packages, you will get an error (complaining
    about missing `ucs.sty` or `fancyvrb.sty`) when you try to compile
    a LaTeX file produced by Pandoc, or when you use the `markdown2pdf`
    script (described below).  If this happens, install the [unicode] and
    [fancyvrb] packages package from [CTAN].  (Get the zip file from CTAN
    and unpack it into `~/texmf/tex/latex/`.  You may also need to run
    `mktexlsr` or `texhash` before the files can be found by TeX.)

The wrapper script `hsmarkdown` requires only a POSIX-compliant shell.

[Cygwin]:  http://www.cygwin.com/ 
[HTML Tidy]:  http://tidy.sourceforge.net/
[`iconv`]: http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv/
[CTAN]: http://www.ctan.org "Comprehensive TeX Archive Network"
[unicode]: http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/unicode/
[fancyvrb]: http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/fancyvrb/

[^1]: The [unicode] package allows LaTeX to process UTF-8 characters.
[fancyvrb] allows code blocks and verbatim text to be used within
footnotes.

Using Pandoc
============

If you run `pandoc` without arguments, it will accept input from
STDIN.  If you run it with file names as arguments, it will take input
from those files.  By default, `pandoc` writes its output to STDOUT.
If you want to write to a file, use the `-o` option:

    pandoc -o hello.html hello.txt

Note that you can specify multiple input files on the command line.
`pandoc` will concatenate them all (with blank lines between them)
before parsing:

	pandoc -s chapter1.txt chapter2.txt references.txt > book.html

(The `-s` option here tells `pandoc` to produce a standalone HTML file,
with a proper header, rather than a fragment.  For more details on this
and many other command-line options, see below.)

The format of the input and output can be specified explicitly using
command-line options.  The input format can be specified using the
`-r/--read` or `-f/--from` options, the output format using the
`-w/--write` or `-t/--to` options.  Thus, to convert `hello.txt` from
markdown to LaTeX, you could type:

	pandoc -f markdown -t latex hello.txt

To convert `hello.html` from html to markdown:

	pandoc -f html -t markdown hello.html

Supported output formats include `markdown`, `latex`, `html`, `rtf`
(rich text format), `rst` (reStructuredText), `docbook` (DocBook
XML), and `s5` (which produces an HTML file that acts like powerpoint).
Supported input formats include `markdown`, `html`, `latex`, and `rst`.
Note that the `rst` reader only parses a subset of reStructuredText
syntax.  For example, it doesn't handle tables, definition lists, option
lists, or footnotes.  It handles only the constructs expressible in
unextended markdown.  But for simple documents it should be adequate.
The `latex` and `html` readers are also limited in what they can do.
Because the `html` reader is picky about the HTML it parses, it is
recommended that you pipe HTML through [HTML Tidy] before sending it to
`pandoc`, or use the `html2markdown` script described below.

If you don't specify a reader or writer explicitly, `pandoc` will
try to determine the input and output format from the extensions of
the input and output filenames.  Thus, for example, 

	pandoc -o hello.tex hello.txt

will convert `hello.txt` from markdown to LaTeX.  If no output file
is specified (so that output goes to STDOUT), or if the output file's
extension is unknown, the output format will default to HTML.
If no input file is specified (so that input comes from STDIN), or
if the input files' extensions are unknown, the input format will
be assumed to be markdown unless explicitly specified.

Character encodings
-------------------

Unfortunately, due to limitations in GHC, `pandoc` does not automatically
detect the system's local character encoding.  Hence, all input and
output is assumed to be in the UTF-8 encoding.  If your local character
encoding is not UTF-8 and you use accented or foreign characters,
you should pipe the input and output through [`iconv`]. For example,

	iconv -t utf-8 source.txt | pandoc | iconv -f utf-8 > output.html

will convert `source.txt` from the local encoding to UTF-8, then
convert it to HTML, then convert back to the local encoding,
putting the output in `output.html`.

The shell scripts (described below) automatically convert the input 
from the local encoding to UTF-8 before running them through `pandoc`,
then convert the output back to the local encoding.

Shell scripts
=============

Three shell scripts, `markdown2pdf`, `html2markdown`, and `hsmarkdown`,
are included in the standard Pandoc installation.  (They are not included
in the Windows binary package, as they require a POSIX shell, but they
may be used in Windows under Cygwin.)

1.  `markdown2pdf` produces a PDF file from markdown-formatted
    text, using `pandoc` and `pdflatex`.  The default
    behavior of `markdown2pdf` is to create a file with the same
    base name as the first argument and the extension `pdf`; thus,
    for example,

	    markdown2pdf sample.txt endnotes.txt

    will produce `sample.pdf`.  (If `sample.pdf` exists already,
    it will be backed up before being overwritten.)  An output file
    name can be specified explicitly using the `-o` option:

	    markdown2pdf -o "My Book.pdf" chap1.txt chap2.txt chap3.txt  

    If no input file is specified, input will be taken from STDIN.
    All of `pandoc`'s options will work with `markdown2pdf` as well.

2.  `html2markdown` grabs a web page from a file or URL and converts
    it to markdown-formatted text, using `tidy` and `pandoc`.

    All of `pandoc`'s options will work with `html2markdown` as well.
    In addition, the following special options may be used.
    The special options must be separated from the `html2markdown`
    command and any regular Pandoc options by the delimiter `--`:

        html2markdown -o out.txt -- -e latin1 -g curl google.com 

    The `-e` or `--encoding` option specifies the character encoding
    of the HTML input.  If this option is not specified, and input
    is not from STDIN, `html2markdown` will attempt to determine the
    page's character encoding from the "Content-type" meta tag.
    If this is not present, UTF-8 is assumed.

    The `-g` or `--grabber` option specifies the command to be used to
    fetch the contents of a URL:

        html2markdown -g 'curl --user foo:bar' www.mysite.com

    If this option is not specified, `html2markdown` searches for an
    available program (`wget`, `curl`, or a text-mode browser) to fetch
    the contents of a URL.

3.  `hsmarkdown` is designed to be used as a drop-in replacement for
    `Markdown.pl`.  It forces `pandoc` to convert from markdown to
    HTML, and to use the `--strict` flag for maximal compliance with
    official markdown syntax.  (All of Pandoc's syntax extensions and
    variants, described below, are disabled.)  No other command-line
    options are allowed.  (In fact, options will be interpreted as
    filenames.)

    As an alternative to using the `hsmarkdown` shell script, the
    user may create a symbolic link to `pandoc` called `hsmarkdown`.
    When invoked under the name `hsmarkdown`, `pandoc` will behave
    as if the `--strict` flag had been selected, and no command-line
    options will be recognized.  However, this approach does not work
    under Cygwin, due to problems with its simulation of symbolic
    links.

Command-line options
====================

Various command-line options can be used to customize the output.
For further documentation, see the `pandoc(1)` man page.

`-f`, `--from`, `-r`, or `--read` can be used to specify the input
format -- the format Pandoc will be converting *from*.  Available
formats are `native`, `markdown`, `rst`, `html`, and `latex`.

`-t`, `--to`, `-w`, or `--write` can be used to specify the output
format -- the format Pandoc will be converting *to*.  Available formats
are `native`, `html`, `s5`, `docbook`, `latex`, `markdown`, `rst`, and
`rtf`.

`-s` or `--standalone` indicates that a standalone document is to be
produced (with appropriate headers and footers), rather than a fragment.

`-o` or `--output` specifies the name of the output file.  If this
option is not specified, or if its argument is `-`, output will be sent
to STDOUT.

`-p` or `--preserve-tabs` causes tabs in the source text to be
preserved, rather than converted to spaces (the default).

`--tabstop` allows the user to set the tab stop (which defaults to 4).

`--strict` specifies that strict markdown syntax is to be used, without
pandoc's usual extensions and variants (described below).

`--reference-links` causes reference-style links to be used in markdown 
and reStructuredText output.  By default inline links are used.

`-R` or `--parse-raw` causes the HTML and LaTeX readers to parse HTML
codes and LaTeX environments that it can't translate as raw HTML or
LaTeX.  Raw HTML can be printed in markdown, reStructuredText, HTML,
and S5 output; raw LaTeX can be printed in markdown, reStructuredText,
and LaTeX output.  The default is for the readers to omit
untranslatable HTML codes and LaTeX environments.  (The LaTeX reader
does pass through untranslatable LaTeX commands, even if `-R` is not
specified.)

`-C` or `--custom-header` can be used to specify a custom document
header.  To see the headers used by default, use the `-D` option:
for example, `pandoc -D html` prints the default HTML header.

`-c` or `--css` allows the user to specify a custom stylesheet that
will be linked to in HTML and S5 output.

`-H` or `--include-in-header` specifies a file to be included
(verbatim) at the end of the document header.  This can be used, for
example, to include special CSS or javascript in HTML documents.

`-B` or `--include-before-body` specifies a file to be included
(verbatim) at the beginning of the document body (after the `<body>`
tag in HTML, or the `\begin{document}` command in LaTeX).  This can be
used to include navigation bars or banners in HTML documents.

`-A` or `--include-after-body` specifies a file to be included
(verbatim) at the end of the docment body (before the `</body>` tag in
HTML, or the `\end{document}` command in LaTeX).

`-T` or `--title-prefix` specifies a string to be included as a prefix
at the beginning of the title that appears in the HTML header (but not
in the title as it appears at the beginning of the HTML body).  (See
below on Titles.)

`-S` or `--smart` causes `pandoc` to produce typographically
correct output, along the lines of John Gruber's [Smartypants].
Straight quotes are converted to curly quotes, `---` to dashes, and
`...` to ellipses.  (Note:  This option is only significant when
the input format is `markdown`.  It is selected automatically
when the output format is `latex`.)

[Smartypants]: http://daringfireball.net/projects/smartypants/

`-m` or `--asciimathml` will cause LaTeX formulas (between $ signs) in
HTML or S5 to display as formulas rather than as code.  The trick will
not work in all browsers, but it works in Firefox.  Peter Jipsen's
[ASCIIMathML] script is used to do the magic.

[ASCIIMathML]: http://www1.chapman.edu/~jipsen/mathml/asciimath.html

`-i` or `--incremental` causes all lists in S5 output to be displayed
incrementally by default (one item at a time).  The normal default
is for lists to be displayed all at once.

`-N` or `--number-sections` causes sections to be numbered in LaTeX
output.  By default, sections are not numbered.

`--dump-args` is intended to make it easier to create wrapper scripts
that use Pandoc.  It causes Pandoc to dump information about the arguments
with which it was called to STDOUT, then exit.  The first line printed
is the name of the output file specified using the `-o` or `--output`
option, or `-` if output would go to STDOUT.  The remaining lines, if any,
list command-line arguments.  These will include the names of input
files and any special options passed after ` -- ` on the command line.
So, for example,

    pandoc --dump-args -o foo.html -s foo.txt appendix.txt -- -e latin1

will cause the following to be printed to STDOUT:

    foo.html
    foo.txt
    appendix.txt
    -e
    latin1

`--ignore-args` causes Pandoc to ignore all command-line arguments.
Regular Pandoc options are not ignored.  Thus, for example,

    pandoc --ignore-args -o foo.html -s foo.txt -- -e latin1

is equivalent to

    pandoc -o foo.html -s   

`-v` or `--version` prints the version number to STDERR.

`-h` or `--help` prints a usage message to STDERR.

Pandoc's markdown vs. standard markdown
=======================================

In parsing markdown, Pandoc departs from and extends [standard markdown]
in a few respects.  (To run Pandoc on the official markdown test suite,
type `make test-markdown`.)  Except where noted, these differences can
be suppressed by specifying the `--strict` command-line option or by
using the `hsmarkdown` wrapper.

[standard markdown]:  http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/syntax
  "Markdown syntax description"

Backslash escapes
-----------------

Except inside a code block or inline code, any punctuation or space
character preceded by a backslash will be treated literally, even if it
would normally indicate formatting.  Thus, for example, if one writes

    *\*hello\**

one will get

    <em>*hello*</em>

instead of

    <strong>hello</strong>

This rule is easier to remember than standard markdown's rule,
which allows only the following characters to be backslash-escaped:

    \`*_{}[]()>#+-.!

Lists
-----

Pandoc behaves differently from standard markdown on some "edge
cases" involving lists.  Consider this source: 

	1.  First
	2.  Second:
		-   Fee
		-   Fie
		-   Foe

	3.  Third

Pandoc transforms this into a "compact list" (with no `<p>` tags
around "First", "Second", or "Third"), while markdown puts `<p>`
tags around "Second" and "Third" (but not "First"), because of
the blank space around "Third".  Pandoc follows a simple rule:
if the text is followed by a blank line, it is treated as a
paragraph.  Since "Second" is followed by a list, and not a blank
line, it isn't treated as a paragraph.  The fact that the list
is followed by a blank line is irrelevant.  (Note:  Pandoc works
this way even when the `--strict` option is specified.  This
behavior is consistent with the official markdown syntax
description, even though it is different from that of `Markdown.pl`.)

Unlike standard markdown, Pandoc allows ordered list items to be
marked with single lowercase letters (from 'a' to 'n'), instead of
numbers. So, for example, this source yields a nested ordered list:

    1.  First
    2.  Second
        a.  Fee
        b.  Fie
    3.  Third

The letters may be followed by either '.' or ')':

    1.  First
    2.  Second
        a)  Fee
        b)  Fie
    3.  Third

Note that Pandoc pays no attention to the *type* of ordered list
item marker used.  Thus, the following is treated just the same as
the example above:

    a)  First
    1.  Second
        2.  Fee
        b)  Fie
    c.  Third

Definition lists
----------------

Pandoc supports definition lists, using a syntax inspired by
[PHP Markdown Extra] and [reStructuredText]:

  [PHP Markdown Extra]: http://www.michelf.com/projects/php-markdown/extra/

    Term 1
    :   Definition 1

    Term 2
    :   Definition 2

    :   Second paragraph of definition 2.

Each term must fit on one line. The definition must begin on the line
after the term. The definition consists of one or more block elements
(paragraph, code block, list, etc.), each beginning with a colon and
(aside from the colon) indented one tab stop.

    Term *with inline markup*
    :   Here is the definition.  It may
        contain multiple blocks.  Here is some code:

    :       {* my code *} 

    :   Here is the third paragraph of this definition.

If you leave space after the definition (as in the first example above),
the definitions will be considered paragraphs. In some output formats,
this will mean greater spacing between term/definition pairs. For a
compact definition list, do not leave space between the definition and
the next term:

    Term 1
    :   Definition 1
    Term 2
    :   Definition 2

Reference links
---------------

Pandoc allows implicit reference links with just a single set of
brackets.  So, the following links are equivalent:

	1. Here's my [link]
	2. Here's my [link][]

	[link]: linky.com

(Note:  Pandoc works this way even if `--strict` is specified, because
`Markdown.pl` 1.0.2b7 allows single-bracket links.)

Footnotes
---------

Pandoc's markdown allows footnotes, using the following syntax:

	Here is a footnote reference,[^1] and another.[^longnote]

	[^1]: Here is the footnote.  It can go anywhere in the document,
	except in embedded contexts like block quotes or lists.	

	[^longnote]: Here's the other note.  This one contains multiple
	blocks.

        Subsequent paragraphs are indented to show that they belong to
    the previous footnote.

            { some.code }

	    The whole paragraph can be indented, or just the first line.
	    In this way, multi-paragraph footnotes work just like
	    multi-paragraph list items in markdown.

    This paragraph won't be part of the note, because it isn't indented.

The identifiers in footnote references may not contain spaces, tabs,
or newlines.  These identifiers are used only to correlate the
footnote reference with the note itself; in the output, footnotes
will be numbered sequentially.

The footnotes themselves need not be placed at the end of the
document.  They may appear anywhere except inside other block elements
(lists, block quotes, tables, etc.).

Inline footnotes are also allowed (though, unlike regular notes,
they cannot contain multiple paragraphs).  The syntax is as follows:

    Here is an inline note.^[Inlines notes are easier to write, since
    you don't have to pick an identifier and move down to type the
    note.]

Inline and regular footnotes may be mixed freely.

Tables
------

Two kinds of tables may be used.  Both kinds presuppose the use of
a fixed-width font, such as Courier.  Currently only the HTML,
Docbook, and LaTeX writers support tables.

Simple tables look like this:

      Right     Left     Center     Default   
    -------     ------ ----------   -------   
         12     12        12            12    
        123     123       123          123    
          1     1          1             1    

    Table:  Demonstration of simple table syntax.

The headers and table rows must each fit on one line.  Column
alignments are determined by the position of the header text relative
to the dashed line below it:[^2]

  - If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the right side
    but extends beyond it on the left, the column is right-aligned.
  - If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the left side 
    but extends beyond it on the right, the column is left-aligned.
  - If the dashed line extends beyond the header text on both sides,
    the column is centered.
  - If the dashed line is flush with the header text on both sides,
    the default alignment is used (in most cases, this will be left).

[^2]:  This scheme is due to Michel Fortin, who proposed it on the
    Markdown discussion list: <http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/markdown-discuss/2005-March/001097.html>

The table must end with a blank line.  Optionally, a caption may be
provided (as illustrated in the example above).  A caption is a paragraph
beginning with the string `Table:`, which will be stripped off.

The table parser pays attention to the widths of the columns, and
the writers try to reproduce these relative widths in the output.
So, if you find that one of the columns is too narrow in the output,
try widening it in the markdown source.

Multiline tables allow headers and table rows to span multiple lines
of text.  Here is an example:

    ---------------------------------------------------------------
     Centered   Left             Right
      Header    Aligned        Aligned  Default aligned
    ----------  ---------  -----------  ---------------------------
       First    row               12.0  Example of a row that spans
                                        multiple lines.

       Second   row                5.0  Here's another one.  Note
                                        the blank line between rows.
    ---------------------------------------------------------------

    Table:  Optional caption.  This, too, may span multiple
    lines.

These work like simple tables, but with the following differences:

  - They must begin with a row of dashes, before the header text.
  - They must end with a row of dashes, then a blank line.
  - The rows must be separated by blank lines. 

Embedded HTML
-------------

Pandoc treats embedded HTML in markdown a bit differently than
Markdown 1.0.  While Markdown 1.0 leaves HTML blocks exactly as they
are, Pandoc treats text between HTML tags as markdown.  Thus, for
example, Pandoc will turn

	<table>
		<tr>
			<td>*one*</td>
			<td>[a link](http://google.com)</td>
		</tr>
	</table>

into

	<table>
		<tr>
			<td><em>one</em></td>
			<td><a href="http://google.com">a link</a></td>
		</tr>
	</table>

whereas `Markdown.pl` will preserve it as is.

There is one exception to this rule:  text between `<script>` and
`</script>` tags is not interpreted as markdown.

This departure from standard markdown should make it easier to mix
markdown with HTML block elements.  For example, one can surround
a block of markdown text with `<div>` tags without preventing it
from being interpreted as markdown.

Title blocks
------------

If the file begins with a title block

	% title
	% author(s) (separated by commas)
	% date

it will be parsed as bibliographic information, not regular text.  (It
will be used, for example, in the title of standalone LaTeX or HTML
output.)  The block may contain just a title, a title and an author,
or all three lines.  Each must begin with a % and fit on one line.
The title may contain standard inline formatting.  If you want to
include an author but no title, or a title and a date but no author,
you need a blank line:

	% My title
	% 
	% June 15, 2006

Titles will be written only when the `--standalone` (`-s`) option is
chosen.  In HTML output, titles will appear twice: once in the
document head -- this is the title that will appear at the top of the
window in a browser -- and once at the beginning of the document body.
The title in the document head can have an optional prefix attached
(`--title-prefix` or `-T` option).  The title in the body appears as
an H1 element with class "title", so it can be suppressed or
reformatted with CSS.

If a title prefix is specified with `-T` and no title block appears
in the document, the title prefix will be used by itself as the
HTML title.

Box-style blockquotes
---------------------

Pandoc supports emacs-style boxquote block quotes, in addition to
standard markdown (email-style) block quotes:

	,----
	| They look like this.
	`----

Blank lines before headers and blockquotes
------------------------------------------

Standard markdown syntax does not require a blank line before a header
or blockquote.  Pandoc does require this (except, of course, at the
beginning of the document). The reason for the requirement is that
it is all too easy for a `>` or `#` to end up at the beginning of a
line by accident (perhaps through line wrapping).  Consider, for
example:

    I like several of their flavors of ice cream:  #22, for example, and
    #5.

Inline LaTeX
------------

Anything between two $ characters will be parsed as LaTeX math.  The
opening $ must have a character immediately to its right, while the
closing $ must have a character immediately to its left.  Thus,
`$20,000 and $30,000` won't parse as math.  The $ character can be
escaped with a backslash if needed.

If you pass the `-m` (`--asciimathml`) option to `pandoc`, it will
include the [ASCIIMathML] script in the resulting HTML.  This will
cause LaTeX math to be displayed as formulas in better browsers.

[ASCIIMathML]: http://www1.chapman.edu/~jipsen/asciimath.html 

Inline LaTeX commands will also be preserved and passed unchanged
to the LaTeX writer.  Thus, for example, you can use LaTeX to
include BibTeX citations:

	This result was proved in \cite{jones.1967}.

You can also use LaTeX environments.  For example,

	\begin{tabular}{|l|l|}\hline
	Age & Frequency \\ \hline
	18--25  & 15 \\
	26--35  & 33 \\ 
	36--45  & 22 \\ \hline
	\end{tabular}

Note, however, that material between the begin and end tags will
be interpreted as raw LaTeX, not as markdown.

Custom headers
==============

When run with the "standalone" option (`-s`), `pandoc` creates a
standalone file, complete with an appropriate header.  To see the
default headers used for html and latex, use the following commands:

	pandoc -D html

	pandoc -D latex 

If you want to use a different header, just create a file containing
it and specify it on the command line as follows:

	pandoc --header=MyHeaderFile

Producing S5 with Pandoc
========================

Producing an [S5] web-based slide show with Pandoc is easy.  A title
page is constructed automatically from the document's title block (see
above).  Each section (with a level-one header) produces a single slide.
(Note that if the section is too big, the slide will not fit on the page;
S5 is not smart enough to produce multiple pages.)

Here's the markdown source for a simple slide show, `eating.txt`:

	% Eating Habits
	% John Doe
	% March 22, 2005

	# In the morning

	- Eat eggs
	- Drink coffee

	# In the evening

	- Eat spaghetti
	- Drink wine

To produce the slide show, simply type

	pandoc -w s5 -s eating.txt > eating.html

and open up `eating.html` in a browser.  The HTML file embeds
all the required javascript and CSS, so no other files are necessary.

Note that by default, the S5 writer produces lists that display
"all at once."  If you want your lists to display incrementally
(one item at a time), use the `-i` option.  If you want a
particular list to depart from the default (that is, to display
incrementally without the `-i` option and all at once with the
`-i` option), put it in a block quote:

	> - Eat spaghetti
	> - Drink wine

In this way incremental and nonincremental lists can be mixed in
a single document.