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{-# LANGUAGE FlexibleContexts #-}
{-# LANGUAGE TupleSections    #-}
{-
Copyright (C) 2014-2018 Albert Krewinkel <tarleb+pandoc@moltkeplatz.de>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
-}

{- |
   Module      : Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.Meta
   Copyright   : Copyright (C) 2014-2018 Albert Krewinkel
   License     : GNU GPL, version 2 or above

   Maintainer  : Albert Krewinkel <tarleb+pandoc@moltkeplatz.de>

Parsers for Org-mode meta declarations.
-}
module Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.Meta
  ( metaExport
  , metaKey
  , metaLine
  ) where

import Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.BlockStarts
import Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.ExportSettings (exportSettings)
import Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.Inlines
import Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.ParserState
import Text.Pandoc.Readers.Org.Parsing

import Text.Pandoc.Builder (Blocks, Inlines)
import qualified Text.Pandoc.Builder as B
import Text.Pandoc.Class (PandocMonad)
import Text.Pandoc.Definition

import Control.Monad (mzero, void, when)
import Data.Char (toLower)
import Data.List (intersperse)
import qualified Data.Map as M
import Network.HTTP (urlEncode)

-- | Returns the current meta, respecting export options.
metaExport :: Monad m => OrgParser m (F Meta)
metaExport = do
  st <- getState
  let settings = orgStateExportSettings st
  return $ (if exportWithAuthor  settings then id else removeMeta "author")
         . (if exportWithCreator settings then id else removeMeta "creator")
         . (if exportWithEmail   settings then id else removeMeta "email")
        <$> orgStateMeta st

removeMeta :: String -> Meta -> Meta
removeMeta key meta' =
  let metaMap = unMeta meta'
  in Meta $ M.delete key metaMap

-- | Parse and handle a single line containing meta information
-- The order, in which blocks are tried, makes sure that we're not looking at
-- the beginning of a block, so we don't need to check for it
metaLine :: PandocMonad m => OrgParser m Blocks
metaLine = mempty <$ metaLineStart <* (optionLine <|> declarationLine)

declarationLine :: PandocMonad m => OrgParser m ()
declarationLine = try $ do
  key   <- map toLower <$> metaKey
  (key', value) <- metaValue key
  let addMetaValue st =
        st { orgStateMeta = B.setMeta key' <$> value <*> orgStateMeta st }
  when (key' /= "results") $ updateState addMetaValue

metaKey :: Monad m => OrgParser m String
metaKey = map toLower <$> many1 (noneOf ": \n\r")
                      <*  char ':'
                      <*  skipSpaces

metaValue :: PandocMonad m => String -> OrgParser m (String, F MetaValue)
metaValue key =
  let inclKey = "header-includes"
  in case key of
    "author"          -> (key,) <$> metaInlinesCommaSeparated
    "keywords"        -> (key,) <$> metaInlinesCommaSeparated
    "title"           -> (key,) <$> metaInlines
    "subtitle"        -> (key,) <$> metaInlines
    "date"            -> (key,) <$> metaInlines
    "nocite"          -> (key,) <$> accumulatingList key metaInlines
    "header-includes" -> (key,) <$> accumulatingList key metaInlines
    "latex_header"    -> (inclKey,) <$>
                         accumulatingList inclKey (metaExportSnippet "latex")
    "latex_class"     -> ("documentclass",) <$> metaString
    -- Org-mode expects class options to contain the surrounding brackets,
    -- pandoc does not.
    "latex_class_options" -> ("classoption",) <$>
                             metaModifiedString (filter (`notElem` "[]"))
    "html_head"       -> (inclKey,) <$>
                         accumulatingList inclKey (metaExportSnippet "html")
    _                 -> (key,) <$> metaString

metaInlines :: PandocMonad m => OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
metaInlines = fmap (MetaInlines . B.toList) <$> inlinesTillNewline

metaInlinesCommaSeparated :: PandocMonad m => OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
metaInlinesCommaSeparated = do
  itemStrs <- many1 (noneOf ",\n") `sepBy1` char ','
  newline
  items <- mapM (parseFromString inlinesTillNewline . (++ "\n")) itemStrs
  let toMetaInlines = MetaInlines . B.toList
  return $ MetaList . map toMetaInlines <$> sequence items

metaString :: Monad m => OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
metaString = metaModifiedString id

metaModifiedString :: Monad m => (String -> String) -> OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
metaModifiedString f = return . MetaString . f <$> anyLine

-- | Read an format specific meta definition
metaExportSnippet :: Monad m => String -> OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
metaExportSnippet format =
  return . MetaInlines . B.toList . B.rawInline format <$> anyLine

-- | Accumulate the result of the @parser@ in a list under @key@.
accumulatingList :: Monad m => String
                 -> OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
                 -> OrgParser m (F MetaValue)
accumulatingList key p = do
  value <- p
  meta' <- orgStateMeta <$> getState
  return $ (\m v -> MetaList (curList m ++ [v])) <$> meta' <*> value
 where curList m = case lookupMeta key m of
                     Just (MetaList ms) -> ms
                     Just x             -> [x]
                     _                  -> []

--
-- export options
--
optionLine :: Monad m => OrgParser m ()
optionLine = try $ do
  key <- metaKey
  case key of
    "link"     -> parseLinkFormat >>= uncurry addLinkFormat
    "options"  -> exportSettings
    "todo"     -> todoSequence >>= updateState . registerTodoSequence
    "seq_todo" -> todoSequence >>= updateState . registerTodoSequence
    "typ_todo" -> todoSequence >>= updateState . registerTodoSequence
    "macro"    -> macroDefinition >>= updateState . registerMacro
    _          -> mzero

addLinkFormat :: Monad m => String
              -> (String -> String)
              -> OrgParser m ()
addLinkFormat key formatter = updateState $ \s ->
  let fs = orgStateLinkFormatters s
  in s{ orgStateLinkFormatters = M.insert key formatter fs }

parseLinkFormat :: Monad m => OrgParser m (String, String -> String)
parseLinkFormat = try $ do
  linkType <- (:) <$> letter <*> many (alphaNum <|> oneOf "-_") <* skipSpaces
  linkSubst <- parseFormat
  return (linkType, linkSubst)

-- | An ad-hoc, single-argument-only implementation of a printf-style format
-- parser.
parseFormat :: Monad m => OrgParser m (String -> String)
parseFormat = try $ replacePlain <|> replaceUrl <|> justAppend
 where
   -- inefficient, but who cares
   replacePlain = try $ (\x -> concat . flip intersperse x)
                     <$> sequence [tillSpecifier 's', rest]
   replaceUrl   = try $ (\x -> concat . flip intersperse x . urlEncode)
                     <$> sequence [tillSpecifier 'h', rest]
   justAppend   = try $ (++) <$> rest

   rest            = manyTill anyChar         (eof <|> () <$ oneOf "\n\r")
   tillSpecifier c = manyTill (noneOf "\n\r") (try $ string ('%':c:""))

inlinesTillNewline :: PandocMonad m => OrgParser m (F Inlines)
inlinesTillNewline = do
  updateLastPreCharPos
  trimInlinesF . mconcat <$> manyTill inline newline

--
-- ToDo Sequences and Keywords
--
todoSequence :: Monad m => OrgParser m TodoSequence
todoSequence = try $ do
  todoKws <- todoKeywords
  doneKws <- optionMaybe $ todoDoneSep *> todoKeywords
  newline
  -- There must be at least one DONE keyword. The last TODO keyword is taken if
  -- necessary.
  case doneKws of
    Just done  -> return $ keywordsToSequence todoKws done
    Nothing    -> case reverse todoKws of
                    []     -> mzero  -- no keywords present
                    (x:xs) -> return $ keywordsToSequence (reverse xs) [x]

 where
   todoKeywords :: Monad m => OrgParser m [String]
   todoKeywords = try $
     let keyword = many1 nonspaceChar <* skipSpaces
         endOfKeywords = todoDoneSep <|> void newline
     in manyTill keyword (lookAhead endOfKeywords)

   todoDoneSep :: Monad m => OrgParser m ()
   todoDoneSep = void . try $ skipSpaces *> char '|' <* skipSpaces1

   keywordsToSequence :: [String] -> [String] -> TodoSequence
   keywordsToSequence todo done =
     let todoMarkers = map (TodoMarker Todo) todo
         doneMarkers = map (TodoMarker Done) done
     in todoMarkers ++ doneMarkers

macroDefinition :: Monad m => OrgParser m (String, [String] -> String)
macroDefinition = try $ do
  macroName <- many1 nonspaceChar <* skipSpaces
  firstPart <- expansionPart
  (elemOrder, parts) <- unzip <$> many ((,) <$> placeholder <*> expansionPart)
  let expander = mconcat . alternate (firstPart:parts) . reorder elemOrder
  return (macroName, expander)
 where
  placeholder :: Monad m => OrgParser m Int
  placeholder = try . fmap read $ char '$' *> many1 digit

  expansionPart :: Monad m => OrgParser m String
  expansionPart = try $ many (notFollowedBy placeholder *> noneOf "\n\r")

  alternate :: [a] -> [a] -> [a]
  alternate []     ys     = ys
  alternate xs     []     = xs
  alternate (x:xs) (y:ys) = x : y : alternate xs ys

  reorder :: [Int] -> [String] -> [String]
  reorder perm xs =
    let element n = take 1 $ drop (n - 1) xs
    in concatMap element perm