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{-# LANGUAGE FlexibleContexts    #-}
{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings   #-}
{-# LANGUAGE ScopedTypeVariables #-}
{-
Copyright (C) 2006-2017 John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley.edu>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
-}

{- |
   Module      : Text.Pandoc.Readers.RST
   Copyright   : Copyright (C) 2006-2017 John MacFarlane
   License     : GNU GPL, version 2 or above

   Maintainer  : John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley.edu>
   Stability   : alpha
   Portability : portable

Conversion from reStructuredText to 'Pandoc' document.
-}
module Text.Pandoc.Readers.RST ( readRST ) where
import Control.Monad (guard, liftM, mzero, when)
import Control.Monad.Identity (Identity(..))
import Control.Monad.Except (throwError)
import Data.Char (isHexDigit, isSpace, toLower, toUpper)
import Data.List (deleteFirstsBy, findIndex, intercalate, isInfixOf, isSuffixOf,
                  nub, sort, transpose, union)
import qualified Data.Map as M
import Data.Maybe (fromMaybe, isJust)
import Data.Monoid ((<>))
import Data.Sequence (ViewR (..), viewr)
import Text.Pandoc.Builder (fromList, setMeta)
import Text.Pandoc.Builder (Blocks, Inlines, trimInlines)
import qualified Text.Pandoc.Builder as B
import Text.Pandoc.Class (PandocMonad, readFileFromDirs)
import Text.Pandoc.Definition
import Text.Pandoc.Error
import Text.Pandoc.ImageSize (lengthToDim, scaleDimension)
import Text.Pandoc.Logging
import Text.Pandoc.Options
import Text.Pandoc.Parsing
import Text.Pandoc.Shared
import Text.Printf (printf)

-- TODO:
-- [ ] .. parsed-literal
-- [ ] :widths: attribute in .. table
-- [ ] .. csv-table
-- [ ] .. list-table

-- | Parse reStructuredText string and return Pandoc document.
readRST :: PandocMonad m
        => ReaderOptions -- ^ Reader options
        -> String        -- ^ String to parse (assuming @'\n'@ line endings)
        -> m Pandoc
readRST opts s = do
  parsed <- (readWithM parseRST) def{ stateOptions = opts } (s ++ "\n\n")
  case parsed of
    Right result -> return result
    Left e       -> throwError e

type RSTParser m = ParserT [Char] ParserState m

--
-- Constants and data structure definitions
---

bulletListMarkers :: [Char]
bulletListMarkers = "*+-"

underlineChars :: [Char]
underlineChars = "!\"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\\]^_`{|}~"

-- treat these as potentially non-text when parsing inline:
specialChars :: [Char]
specialChars = "\\`|*_<>$:/[]{}()-.\"'\8216\8217\8220\8221"

--
-- parsing documents
--

isHeader :: Int -> Block -> Bool
isHeader n (Header x _ _) = x == n
isHeader _ _              = False

-- | Promote all headers in a list of blocks.  (Part of
-- title transformation for RST.)
promoteHeaders :: Int -> [Block] -> [Block]
promoteHeaders num ((Header level attr text):rest) =
    (Header (level - num) attr text):(promoteHeaders num rest)
promoteHeaders num (other:rest) = other:(promoteHeaders num rest)
promoteHeaders _   [] = []

-- | If list of blocks starts with a header (or a header and subheader)
-- of level that are not found elsewhere, return it as a title and
-- promote all the other headers.  Also process a definition list right
-- after the title block as metadata.
titleTransform :: ([Block], Meta)  -- ^ list of blocks, metadata
               -> ([Block], Meta)  -- ^ modified list of blocks, metadata
titleTransform (bs, meta) =
  let (bs', meta') =
       case bs of
          ((Header 1 _ head1):(Header 2 _ head2):rest)
           | not (any (isHeader 1) rest || any (isHeader 2) rest) -> -- tit/sub
            (promoteHeaders 2 rest, setMeta "title" (fromList head1) $
              setMeta "subtitle" (fromList head2) meta)
          ((Header 1 _ head1):rest)
           | not (any (isHeader 1) rest) -> -- title only
            (promoteHeaders 1 rest,
                setMeta "title" (fromList head1) meta)
          _ -> (bs, meta)
  in   case bs' of
          (DefinitionList ds : rest) ->
            (rest, metaFromDefList ds meta')
          _ -> (bs', meta')

metaFromDefList :: [([Inline], [[Block]])] -> Meta -> Meta
metaFromDefList ds meta = adjustAuthors $ foldr f meta ds
 where f (k,v) = setMeta (map toLower $ stringify k) (mconcat $ map fromList v)
       adjustAuthors (Meta metamap) = Meta $ M.adjust splitAuthors "author"
                                           $ M.adjust toPlain "date"
                                           $ M.adjust toPlain "title"
                                           $ M.mapKeys (\k -> if k == "authors" then "author" else k)
                                           $ metamap
       toPlain (MetaBlocks [Para xs]) = MetaInlines xs
       toPlain x                      = x
       splitAuthors (MetaBlocks [Para xs])
                                      = MetaList $ map MetaInlines
                                                 $ splitAuthors' xs
       splitAuthors x                 = x
       splitAuthors'                  = map normalizeSpaces .
                                         splitOnSemi . concatMap factorSemi
       normalizeSpaces                = reverse . dropWhile isSp . reverse .
                                         dropWhile isSp
       isSp Space                     = True
       isSp SoftBreak                 = True
       isSp LineBreak                 = True
       isSp _                         = False
       splitOnSemi                    = splitBy (==Str ";")
       factorSemi (Str [])            = []
       factorSemi (Str s)             = case break (==';') s of
                                             (xs,[]) -> [Str xs]
                                             (xs,';':ys) -> Str xs : Str ";" :
                                                factorSemi (Str ys)
                                             (xs,ys) -> Str xs :
                                                factorSemi (Str ys)
       factorSemi x                   = [x]

parseRST :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Pandoc
parseRST = do
  optional blanklines -- skip blank lines at beginning of file
  startPos <- getPosition
  -- go through once just to get list of reference keys and notes
  -- docMinusKeys is the raw document with blanks where the keys were...
  docMinusKeys <- concat <$>
                  manyTill (referenceKey <|> noteBlock <|> citationBlock <|>
                            headerBlock <|> lineClump) eof
  setInput docMinusKeys
  setPosition startPos
  st' <- getState
  let reversedNotes = stateNotes st'
  updateState $ \s -> s { stateNotes = reverse reversedNotes
                        , stateHeaders = mempty
                        , stateIdentifiers = mempty }
  -- now parse it for real...
  blocks <- B.toList <$> parseBlocks
  citations <- (sort . M.toList . stateCitations) <$> getState
  citationItems <- mapM parseCitation citations
  let refBlock = if null citationItems
                    then []
                    else [Div ("citations",[],[]) $
                            B.toList $ B.definitionList citationItems]
  standalone <- getOption readerStandalone
  state <- getState
  let meta = stateMeta state
  let (blocks', meta') = if standalone
                            then titleTransform (blocks, meta)
                            else (blocks, meta)
  reportLogMessages
  return $ Pandoc meta' (blocks' ++ refBlock)

parseCitation :: PandocMonad m
              => (String, String) -> RSTParser m (Inlines, [Blocks])
parseCitation (ref, raw) = do
  contents <- parseFromString parseBlocks raw
  return $ (B.spanWith (ref, ["citation-label"], []) (B.str ref),
           [contents])


--
-- parsing blocks
--

parseBlocks :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
parseBlocks = mconcat <$> manyTill block eof

block :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
block = choice [ codeBlock
               , blockQuote
               , fieldList
               , include
               , directive
               , comment
               , header
               , hrule
               , lineBlock     -- must go before definitionList
               , table
               , list
               , lhsCodeBlock
               , para
               , mempty <$ blanklines
               ] <?> "block"

--
-- field list
--

rawFieldListItem :: Monad m => Int -> RSTParser m (String, String)
rawFieldListItem minIndent = try $ do
  indent <- length <$> many (char ' ')
  guard $ indent >= minIndent
  char ':'
  name <- many1Till (noneOf "\n") (char ':')
  (() <$ lookAhead newline) <|> skipMany1 spaceChar
  first <- anyLine
  rest <- option "" $ try $ do lookAhead (count indent (char ' ') >> spaceChar)
                               indentedBlock
  let raw = (if null first then "" else (first ++ "\n")) ++ rest ++ "\n"
  return (name, raw)

fieldListItem :: PandocMonad m => Int -> RSTParser m (Inlines, [Blocks])
fieldListItem minIndent = try $ do
  (name, raw) <- rawFieldListItem minIndent
  term <- parseInlineFromString name
  contents <- parseFromString parseBlocks raw
  optional blanklines
  return (term, [contents])

fieldList :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
fieldList = try $ do
  indent <- length <$> lookAhead (many spaceChar)
  items <- many1 $ fieldListItem indent
  case items of
     []     -> return mempty
     items' -> return $ B.definitionList items'

--
-- line block
--

lineBlock :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
lineBlock = try $ do
  lines' <- lineBlockLines
  lines'' <- mapM parseInlineFromString lines'
  return $ B.lineBlock lines''

lineBlockDirective :: PandocMonad m => String -> RSTParser m Blocks
lineBlockDirective body = do
  lines' <- mapM parseInlineFromString $ lines $ stripTrailingNewlines body
  return $ B.lineBlock lines'

--
-- paragraph block
--

-- note: paragraph can end in a :: starting a code block
para :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
para = try $ do
  result <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1 inline
  option (B.plain result) $ try $ do
    newline
    blanklines
    case viewr (B.unMany result) of
         ys :> (Str xs) | "::" `isSuffixOf` xs -> do
              raw <- option mempty codeBlockBody
              return $ B.para (B.Many ys <> B.str (take (length xs - 1) xs))
                         <> raw
         _ -> return (B.para result)

plain :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
plain = B.plain . trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1 inline

--
-- header blocks
--

header :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
header = doubleHeader <|> singleHeader <?> "header"

-- a header with lines on top and bottom
doubleHeader :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
doubleHeader = do
  (txt, c) <- doubleHeader'
  -- check to see if we've had this kind of header before.
  -- if so, get appropriate level.  if not, add to list.
  state <- getState
  let headerTable = stateHeaderTable state
  let (headerTable',level) = case findIndex (== DoubleHeader c) headerTable of
        Just ind -> (headerTable, ind + 1)
        Nothing -> (headerTable ++ [DoubleHeader c], (length headerTable) + 1)
  setState (state { stateHeaderTable = headerTable' })
  attr <- registerHeader nullAttr txt
  return $ B.headerWith attr level txt

doubleHeader' :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m (Inlines, Char)
doubleHeader' = try $ do
  c <- oneOf underlineChars
  rest <- many (char c)  -- the top line
  let lenTop = length (c:rest)
  skipSpaces
  newline
  txt <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1 (notFollowedBy blankline >> inline)
  pos <- getPosition
  let len = (sourceColumn pos) - 1
  if (len > lenTop) then fail "title longer than border" else return ()
  blankline              -- spaces and newline
  count lenTop (char c)  -- the bottom line
  blanklines
  return (txt, c)

-- a header with line on the bottom only
singleHeader :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
singleHeader = do
  (txt, c) <- singleHeader'
  state <- getState
  let headerTable = stateHeaderTable state
  let (headerTable',level) = case findIndex (== SingleHeader c) headerTable of
        Just ind -> (headerTable, ind + 1)
        Nothing -> (headerTable ++ [SingleHeader c], (length headerTable) + 1)
  setState (state { stateHeaderTable = headerTable' })
  attr <- registerHeader nullAttr txt
  return $ B.headerWith attr level txt

singleHeader' :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m (Inlines, Char)
singleHeader' = try $ do
  notFollowedBy' whitespace
  txt <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1 (do {notFollowedBy blankline; inline})
  pos <- getPosition
  let len = (sourceColumn pos) - 1
  blankline
  c <- oneOf underlineChars
  count (len - 1) (char c)
  many (char c)
  blanklines
  return (txt, c)

--
-- hrule block
--

hrule :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Blocks
hrule = try $ do
  chr <- oneOf underlineChars
  count 3 (char chr)
  skipMany (char chr)
  blankline
  blanklines
  return B.horizontalRule

--
-- code blocks
--

-- read a line indented by a given string
indentedLine :: Monad m => String -> ParserT [Char] st m [Char]
indentedLine indents = try $ do
  string indents
  anyLine

-- one or more indented lines, possibly separated by blank lines.
-- any amount of indentation will work.
indentedBlock :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m [Char]
indentedBlock = try $ do
  indents <- lookAhead $ many1 spaceChar
  lns <- many1 $ try $ do b <- option "" blanklines
                          l <- indentedLine indents
                          return (b ++ l)
  optional blanklines
  return $ unlines lns

quotedBlock :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m [Char]
quotedBlock = try $ do
    quote <- lookAhead $ oneOf "!\"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\\]^_`{|}~"
    lns <- many1 $ lookAhead (char quote) >> anyLine
    optional blanklines
    return $ unlines lns

codeBlockStart :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Char
codeBlockStart = string "::" >> blankline >> blankline

codeBlock :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Blocks
codeBlock = try $ codeBlockStart >> codeBlockBody

codeBlockBody :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Blocks
codeBlockBody = try $ B.codeBlock . stripTrailingNewlines <$>
                (indentedBlock <|> quotedBlock)

lhsCodeBlock :: Monad m => RSTParser m Blocks
lhsCodeBlock = try $ do
  getPosition >>= guard . (==1) . sourceColumn
  guardEnabled Ext_literate_haskell
  optional codeBlockStart
  lns <- latexCodeBlock <|> birdCodeBlock
  blanklines
  return $ B.codeBlockWith ("", ["sourceCode", "literate", "haskell"], [])
         $ intercalate "\n" lns

latexCodeBlock :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m [[Char]]
latexCodeBlock = try $ do
  try (latexBlockLine "\\begin{code}")
  many1Till anyLine (try $ latexBlockLine "\\end{code}")
 where
  latexBlockLine s = skipMany spaceChar >> string s >> blankline

birdCodeBlock :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m [[Char]]
birdCodeBlock = filterSpace <$> many1 birdTrackLine
  where filterSpace lns =
            -- if (as is normal) there is always a space after >, drop it
            if all (\ln -> null ln || take 1 ln == " ") lns
               then map (drop 1) lns
               else lns

birdTrackLine :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m [Char]
birdTrackLine = char '>' >> anyLine

--
-- block quotes
--

blockQuote :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
blockQuote = do
  raw <- indentedBlock
  -- parse the extracted block, which may contain various block elements:
  contents <- parseFromString parseBlocks $ raw ++ "\n\n"
  return $ B.blockQuote contents

{-
Unsupported options for include:
tab-width
encoding
-}

include :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
include = try $ do
  string ".. include::"
  skipMany spaceChar
  f <- trim <$> anyLine
  fields <- many $ rawFieldListItem 3
  -- options
  let (startLine :: Maybe Int) = lookup "start-line" fields >>= safeRead
  let (endLine :: Maybe Int) = lookup "end-line" fields >>= safeRead
  guard $ not (null f)
  oldPos <- getPosition
  oldInput <- getInput
  containers <- stateContainers <$> getState
  when (f `elem` containers) $
    throwError $ PandocParseError $ "Include file loop at " ++ show oldPos
  updateState $ \s -> s{ stateContainers = f : stateContainers s }
  mbContents <- readFileFromDirs ["."] f
  contentLines <- case mbContents of
                       Just s -> return $ lines s
                       Nothing -> do
                         logMessage $ CouldNotLoadIncludeFile f oldPos
                         return []
  let numLines = length contentLines
  let startLine' = case startLine of
                        Nothing            -> 1
                        Just x | x >= 0    -> x
                               | otherwise -> numLines + x -- negative from end
  let endLine' = case endLine of
                        Nothing            -> numLines + 1
                        Just x | x >= 0    -> x
                               | otherwise -> numLines + x -- negative from end
  let contentLines' =   drop (startLine' - 1)
                      $ take (endLine' - 1)
                      $ contentLines
  let contentLines'' = (case trim <$> lookup "end-before" fields of
                             Just patt -> takeWhile (not . (patt `isInfixOf`))
                             Nothing   -> id) .
                       (case trim <$> lookup "start-after" fields of
                             Just patt -> drop 1 .
                                            dropWhile (not . (patt `isInfixOf`))
                             Nothing   -> id) $ contentLines'
  let contents' = unlines contentLines''
  case lookup "code" fields of
       Just lang -> do
         let numberLines = lookup "number-lines" fields
         let classes = trimr lang : ["numberLines" | isJust numberLines] ++
                          maybe [] words (lookup "class" fields)
         let kvs = maybe [] (\n -> [("startFrom", trimr n)]) numberLines
         let ident = maybe "" trimr $ lookup "name" fields
         let attribs = (ident, classes, kvs)
         return $ B.codeBlockWith attribs contents'
       Nothing   -> case lookup "literal" fields of
                         Just _  -> return $ B.rawBlock "rst" contents'
                         Nothing -> do
                           setPosition $ newPos f 1 1
                           setInput contents'
                           bs <- optional blanklines >>
                                  (mconcat <$> many block)
                           setInput oldInput
                           setPosition oldPos
                           updateState $ \s -> s{ stateContainers =
                                         tail $ stateContainers s }
                           return bs


--
-- list blocks
--

list :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
list = choice [ bulletList, orderedList, definitionList ] <?> "list"

definitionListItem :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m (Inlines, [Blocks])
definitionListItem = try $ do
  -- avoid capturing a directive or comment
  notFollowedBy (try $ char '.' >> char '.')
  term <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1Till inline endline
  raw <- indentedBlock
  -- parse the extracted block, which may contain various block elements:
  contents <- parseFromString parseBlocks $ raw ++ "\n"
  return (term, [contents])

definitionList :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
definitionList = B.definitionList <$> many1 definitionListItem

-- parses bullet list start and returns its length (inc. following whitespace)
bulletListStart :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Int
bulletListStart = try $ do
  notFollowedBy' hrule  -- because hrules start out just like lists
  marker <- oneOf bulletListMarkers
  white <- many1 spaceChar
  return $ length (marker:white)

-- parses ordered list start and returns its length (inc following whitespace)
orderedListStart :: Monad m => ListNumberStyle
                 -> ListNumberDelim
                 -> RSTParser m Int
orderedListStart style delim = try $ do
  (_, markerLen) <- withHorizDisplacement (orderedListMarker style delim)
  white <- many1 spaceChar
  return $ markerLen + length white

-- parse a line of a list item
listLine :: Monad m => Int -> RSTParser m [Char]
listLine markerLength = try $ do
  notFollowedBy blankline
  indentWith markerLength
  anyLineNewline

-- parse raw text for one list item, excluding start marker and continuations
rawListItem :: Monad m => RSTParser m Int
            -> RSTParser m (Int, [Char])
rawListItem start = try $ do
  markerLength <- start
  firstLine <- anyLine
  restLines <- many (listLine markerLength)
  return (markerLength, (firstLine ++ "\n" ++ (concat restLines)))

-- continuation of a list item - indented and separated by blankline or
-- (in compact lists) endline.
-- Note: nested lists are parsed as continuations.
listContinuation :: Monad m => Int -> RSTParser m [Char]
listContinuation markerLength = try $ do
  blanks <- many1 blankline
  result <- many1 (listLine markerLength)
  return $ blanks ++ concat result

listItem :: PandocMonad m
         => RSTParser m Int
         -> RSTParser m Blocks
listItem start = try $ do
  (markerLength, first) <- rawListItem start
  rest <- many (listContinuation markerLength)
  skipMany1 blankline <|> () <$ lookAhead start
  -- parsing with ListItemState forces markers at beginning of lines to
  -- count as list item markers, even if not separated by blank space.
  -- see definition of "endline"
  state <- getState
  let oldContext = stateParserContext state
  setState $ state {stateParserContext = ListItemState}
  -- parse the extracted block, which may itself contain block elements
  parsed <- parseFromString parseBlocks $ concat (first:rest) ++ "\n"
  updateState (\st -> st {stateParserContext = oldContext})
  return $ case B.toList parsed of
                [Para xs] -> B.singleton $ Plain xs
                [Para xs, BulletList ys] -> B.fromList [Plain xs, BulletList ys]
                [Para xs, OrderedList s ys] -> B.fromList [Plain xs, OrderedList s ys]
                [Para xs, DefinitionList ys] -> B.fromList [Plain xs, DefinitionList ys]
                _         -> parsed

orderedList :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
orderedList = try $ do
  (start, style, delim) <- lookAhead (anyOrderedListMarker <* spaceChar)
  items <- many1 (listItem (orderedListStart style delim))
  let items' = compactify items
  return $ B.orderedListWith (start, style, delim) items'

bulletList :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
bulletList = B.bulletList . compactify <$> many1 (listItem bulletListStart)

--
-- directive (e.g. comment, container, compound-paragraph)
--

comment :: Monad m => RSTParser m Blocks
comment = try $ do
  string ".."
  skipMany1 spaceChar <|> (() <$ lookAhead newline)
  notFollowedBy' directiveLabel
  manyTill anyChar blanklines
  optional indentedBlock
  return mempty

directiveLabel :: Monad m => RSTParser m String
directiveLabel = map toLower
  <$> many1Till (letter <|> char '-') (try $ string "::")

directive :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
directive = try $ do
  string ".."
  directive'

directive' :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
directive' = do
  skipMany1 spaceChar
  label <- directiveLabel
  skipMany spaceChar
  top <- many $ satisfy (/='\n')
             <|> try (char '\n' <*
                      notFollowedBy' (rawFieldListItem 3) <*
                      count 3 (char ' ') <*
                      notFollowedBy blankline)
  newline
  fields <- many $ rawFieldListItem 3
  body <- option "" $ try $ blanklines >> indentedBlock
  optional blanklines
  let body' = body ++ "\n\n"
      imgAttr cl = ("", classes, widthAttr ++ heightAttr)
        where
          classes = words $ maybe "" trim (lookup cl fields) ++
                      maybe "" (\x -> "align-" ++ trim x)
                        (lookup "align" fields)
          scale = case trim <$> lookup "scale" fields of
                       Just v  -> case reverse v of
                                       '%':vv ->
                                         case safeRead (reverse vv) of
                                              Just (percent :: Double)
                                                      -> percent / 100.0
                                              Nothing -> 1.0
                                       _ ->
                                         case safeRead v of
                                              Just (s :: Double) -> s
                                              Nothing            -> 1.0
                       Nothing -> 1.0
          widthAttr = maybe [] (\x -> [("width",
                                        show $ scaleDimension scale x)])
                        $ lookup "width" fields >>=
                          (lengthToDim . filter (not . isSpace))
          heightAttr = maybe [] (\x -> [("height",
                                         show $ scaleDimension scale x)])
                        $ lookup "height" fields >>=
                          (lengthToDim . filter (not . isSpace))
  case label of
        "table" -> tableDirective top fields body'
        "line-block" -> lineBlockDirective body'
        "raw" -> return $ B.rawBlock (trim top) (stripTrailingNewlines body)
        "role" -> addNewRole top $ map (\(k,v) -> (k, trim v)) fields
        "container" -> parseFromString parseBlocks body'
        "replace" -> B.para <$>  -- consumed by substKey
                   parseInlineFromString (trim top)
        "unicode" -> B.para <$>  -- consumed by substKey
                   parseInlineFromString (trim $ unicodeTransform top)
        "compound" -> parseFromString parseBlocks body'
        "pull-quote" -> B.blockQuote <$> parseFromString parseBlocks body'
        "epigraph" -> B.blockQuote <$> parseFromString parseBlocks body'
        "highlights" -> B.blockQuote <$> parseFromString parseBlocks body'
        "rubric" -> B.para . B.strong <$> parseInlineFromString top
        _ | label `elem` ["attention","caution","danger","error","hint",
                          "important","note","tip","warning","admonition"] ->
           do bod <- parseFromString parseBlocks $ top ++ "\n\n" ++ body'
              let lab = case label of
                             "admonition" -> mempty
                             (l:ls) -> B.divWith ("",["admonition-title"],[])
                                          (B.para (B.str (toUpper l : ls)))
                             [] -> mempty
              return $ B.divWith ("",[label],[]) (lab <> bod)
        "sidebar" ->
           do let subtit = maybe "" trim $ lookup "subtitle" fields
              tit <- B.para . B.strong <$> parseInlineFromString
                          (trim top ++ if null subtit
                                          then ""
                                          else (":  " ++ subtit))
              bod <- parseFromString parseBlocks body'
              return $ B.divWith ("",["sidebar"],[]) $ tit <> bod
        "topic" ->
           do tit <- B.para . B.strong <$> parseInlineFromString top
              bod <- parseFromString parseBlocks body'
              return $ B.divWith ("",["topic"],[]) $ tit <> bod
        "default-role" -> mempty <$ updateState (\s ->
                              s { stateRstDefaultRole =
                                  case trim top of
                                     ""   -> stateRstDefaultRole def
                                     role -> role })
        x | x == "code" || x == "code-block" ->
          codeblock (words $ fromMaybe [] $ lookup "class" fields)
                    (lookup "number-lines" fields) (trim top) body
        "aafig" -> do
          let attribs = ("", ["aafig"], map (\(k,v) -> (k, trimr v)) fields)
          return $ B.codeBlockWith attribs $ stripTrailingNewlines body
        "math" -> return $ B.para $ mconcat $ map B.displayMath
                         $ toChunks $ top ++ "\n\n" ++ body
        "figure" -> do
           (caption, legend) <- parseFromString extractCaption body'
           let src = escapeURI $ trim top
           return $ B.para (B.imageWith (imgAttr "figclass") src "fig:" caption) <> legend
        "image" -> do
           let src = escapeURI $ trim top
           let alt = B.str $ maybe "image" trim $ lookup "alt" fields
           let attr = imgAttr "class"
           return $ B.para
                  $ case lookup "target" fields of
                          Just t  -> B.link (escapeURI $ trim t) ""
                                     $ B.imageWith attr src "" alt
                          Nothing -> B.imageWith attr src "" alt
        "class" -> do
            let attrs = ("", (splitBy isSpace $ trim top), map (\(k,v) -> (k, trimr v)) fields)
            --  directive content or the first immediately following element
            children <- case body of
                "" -> block
                _  -> parseFromString parseBlocks  body'
            return $ B.divWith attrs children
        other     -> do
            pos <- getPosition
            logMessage $ SkippedContent (".. " ++ other) pos
            bod <- parseFromString parseBlocks $ top ++ "\n\n" ++ body'
            return $ B.divWith ("",[other],[]) bod

tableDirective :: PandocMonad m
               => String -> [(String, String)] -> String -> RSTParser m Blocks
tableDirective top _fields body = do
  bs <- parseFromString parseBlocks body
  case B.toList bs of
       [Table _ aligns' widths' header' rows'] -> do
         title <- parseFromString (trimInlines . mconcat <$> many inline) top
         -- TODO widths
         -- align is not applicable since we can't represent whole table align
         return $ B.singleton $ Table (B.toList title)
                                  aligns' widths' header' rows'
       _ -> return mempty

-- TODO:
--  - Only supports :format: fields with a single format for :raw: roles,
--    change Text.Pandoc.Definition.Format to fix
addNewRole :: PandocMonad m => String -> [(String, String)] -> RSTParser m Blocks
addNewRole roleString fields = do
    pos <- getPosition
    (role, parentRole) <- parseFromString inheritedRole roleString
    customRoles <- stateRstCustomRoles <$> getState
    let getBaseRole (r, f, a) roles =
            case M.lookup r roles of
                 Just (r', f', a') -> getBaseRole (r', f', a') roles
                 Nothing           -> (r, f, a)
        (baseRole, baseFmt, baseAttr) =
               getBaseRole (parentRole, Nothing, nullAttr) customRoles
        fmt = if parentRole == "raw" then lookup "format" fields else baseFmt
        annotate :: [String] -> [String]
        annotate = maybe id (:) $
            if baseRole == "code"
               then lookup "language" fields
               else Nothing
        attr = let (ident, classes, keyValues) = baseAttr
        -- nub in case role name & language class are the same
               in (ident, nub . (role :) . annotate $ classes, keyValues)

    -- warn about syntax we ignore
    flip mapM_ fields $ \(key, _) -> case key of
        "language" -> when (baseRole /= "code") $ logMessage $
            SkippedContent ":language: [because parent of role is not :code:]"
               pos
        "format" -> when (baseRole /= "raw") $ logMessage $
            SkippedContent ":format: [because parent of role is not :raw:]" pos
        _ -> logMessage $ SkippedContent (":" ++ key ++ ":") pos
    when (parentRole == "raw" && countKeys "format" > 1) $
        logMessage $ SkippedContent ":format: [after first in definition of role]"
                  pos
    when (parentRole == "code" && countKeys "language" > 1) $
        logMessage $ SkippedContent
          ":language: [after first in definition of role]" pos

    updateState $ \s -> s {
        stateRstCustomRoles =
          M.insert role (baseRole, fmt, attr) customRoles
    }

    return mempty
  where
    countKeys k = length . filter (== k) . map fst $ fields
    inheritedRole =
        (,) <$> roleName <*> ((char '(' *> roleName <* char ')') <|> pure "span")


-- Can contain character codes as decimal numbers or
-- hexadecimal numbers, prefixed by 0x, x, \x, U+, u, or \u
-- or as XML-style hexadecimal character entities, e.g. &#x1a2b;
-- or text, which is used as-is.  Comments start with ..
unicodeTransform :: String -> String
unicodeTransform t =
  case t of
       ('.':'.':xs)  -> unicodeTransform $ dropWhile (/='\n') xs -- comment
       ('0':'x':xs)  -> go "0x" xs
       ('x':xs)      -> go "x" xs
       ('\\':'x':xs) -> go "\\x" xs
       ('U':'+':xs)  -> go "U+" xs
       ('u':xs)      -> go "u" xs
       ('\\':'u':xs) -> go "\\u" xs
       ('&':'#':'x':xs) -> maybe ("&#x" ++ unicodeTransform xs)
                           -- drop semicolon
                           (\(c,s) -> c : unicodeTransform (drop 1 s))
                           $ extractUnicodeChar xs
       (x:xs)        -> x : unicodeTransform xs
       []            -> []
    where go pref zs = maybe (pref ++ unicodeTransform zs)
                         (\(c,s) -> c : unicodeTransform s)
                         $ extractUnicodeChar zs

extractUnicodeChar :: String -> Maybe (Char, String)
extractUnicodeChar s = maybe Nothing (\c -> Just (c,rest)) mbc
  where (ds,rest) = span isHexDigit s
        mbc = safeRead ('\'':'\\':'x':ds ++ "'")

extractCaption :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m (Inlines, Blocks)
extractCaption = do
  capt <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many inline
  legend <- optional blanklines >> (mconcat <$> many block)
  return (capt,legend)

-- divide string by blanklines
toChunks :: String -> [String]
toChunks = dropWhile null
           . map (trim . unlines)
           . splitBy (all (`elem` (" \t" :: String))) . lines

codeblock :: [String] -> Maybe String -> String -> String -> RSTParser m Blocks
codeblock classes numberLines lang body =
  return $ B.codeBlockWith attribs $ stripTrailingNewlines body
    where attribs = ("", classes', kvs)
          classes' = "sourceCode" : lang
                    : maybe [] (\_ -> ["numberLines"]) numberLines
                    ++ classes
          kvs     = case numberLines of
                          Just "" -> []
                          Nothing -> []
                          Just n  -> [("startFrom",trim n)]

---
--- note block
---

noteBlock :: Monad m => RSTParser m [Char]
noteBlock = try $ do
  (ref, raw, replacement) <- noteBlock' noteMarker
  updateState $ \s -> s { stateNotes = (ref, raw) : stateNotes s }
  -- return blanks so line count isn't affected
  return replacement

citationBlock :: Monad m => RSTParser m [Char]
citationBlock = try $ do
  (ref, raw, replacement) <- noteBlock' citationMarker
  updateState $ \s ->
     s { stateCitations = M.insert ref raw (stateCitations s),
         stateKeys = M.insert (toKey ref) (('#':ref,""), ("",["citation"],[]))
                               (stateKeys s) }
  -- return blanks so line count isn't affected
  return replacement

noteBlock' :: Monad m
           => RSTParser m String -> RSTParser m (String, String, String)
noteBlock' marker = try $ do
  startPos <- getPosition
  string ".."
  spaceChar >> skipMany spaceChar
  ref <- marker
  first <- (spaceChar >> skipMany spaceChar >> anyLine)
        <|> (newline >> return "")
  blanks <- option "" blanklines
  rest <- option "" indentedBlock
  endPos <- getPosition
  let raw = first ++ "\n" ++ blanks ++ rest ++ "\n"
  let replacement =replicate (sourceLine endPos - sourceLine startPos) '\n'
  return (ref, raw, replacement)

citationMarker :: Monad m => RSTParser m [Char]
citationMarker = do
  char '['
  res <- simpleReferenceName'
  char ']'
  return res

noteMarker :: Monad m => RSTParser m [Char]
noteMarker = do
  char '['
  res <- many1 digit
      <|> (try $ char '#' >> liftM ('#':) simpleReferenceName')
      <|> count 1 (oneOf "#*")
  char ']'
  return res

--
-- reference key
--

quotedReferenceName :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
quotedReferenceName = try $ do
  char '`' >> notFollowedBy (char '`') -- `` means inline code!
  label' <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1Till inline (char '`')
  return label'

unquotedReferenceName :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
unquotedReferenceName = try $ do
  label' <- trimInlines . mconcat <$> many1Till inline (lookAhead $ char ':')
  return label'

-- Simple reference names are single words consisting of alphanumerics
-- plus isolated (no two adjacent) internal hyphens, underscores,
-- periods, colons and plus signs; no whitespace or other characters
-- are allowed.
simpleReferenceName' :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m String
simpleReferenceName' = do
  x <- alphaNum
  xs <- many $  alphaNum
            <|> (try $ oneOf "-_:+." <* lookAhead alphaNum)
  return (x:xs)

simpleReferenceName :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Inlines
simpleReferenceName = B.str <$> simpleReferenceName'

referenceName :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
referenceName = quotedReferenceName <|>
                (try $ simpleReferenceName <* lookAhead (char ':')) <|>
                unquotedReferenceName

referenceKey :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m [Char]
referenceKey = do
  startPos <- getPosition
  choice [substKey, anonymousKey, regularKey]
  optional blanklines
  endPos <- getPosition
  -- return enough blanks to replace key
  return $ replicate (sourceLine endPos - sourceLine startPos) '\n'

targetURI :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m [Char]
targetURI = do
  skipSpaces
  optional newline
  contents <- many1 (try (many spaceChar >> newline >>
                          many1 spaceChar >> noneOf " \t\n") <|> noneOf "\n")
  blanklines
  return $ escapeURI $ trim $ contents

substKey :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m ()
substKey = try $ do
  string ".."
  skipMany1 spaceChar
  (alt,ref) <- withRaw $ trimInlines . mconcat
                      <$> enclosed (char '|') (char '|') inline
  res <- B.toList <$> directive'
  il <- case res of
             -- use alt unless :alt: attribute on image:
             [Para [Image attr [Str "image"] (src,tit)]] ->
                return $ B.imageWith attr src tit alt
             [Para [Link _ [Image attr [Str "image"] (src,tit)] (src',tit')]] ->
                return $ B.link src' tit' (B.imageWith attr src tit alt)
             [Para ils] -> return $ B.fromList ils
             _          -> mzero
  let key = toKey $ stripFirstAndLast ref
  updateState $ \s -> s{ stateSubstitutions = M.insert key il $ stateSubstitutions s }

anonymousKey :: Monad m => RSTParser m ()
anonymousKey = try $ do
  oneOfStrings [".. __:", "__"]
  src <- targetURI
  pos <- getPosition
  let key = toKey $ "_" ++ printf "%09d" (sourceLine pos)
  --TODO: parse width, height, class and name attributes
  updateState $ \s -> s { stateKeys = M.insert key ((src,""), nullAttr) $ stateKeys s }

stripTicks :: String -> String
stripTicks = reverse . stripTick . reverse . stripTick
  where stripTick ('`':xs) = xs
        stripTick xs       = xs

regularKey :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m ()
regularKey = try $ do
  string ".. _"
  (_,ref) <- withRaw referenceName
  char ':'
  src <- targetURI
  let key = toKey $ stripTicks ref
  --TODO: parse width, height, class and name attributes
  updateState $ \s -> s { stateKeys = M.insert key ((src,""), nullAttr) $ stateKeys s }

headerBlock :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m [Char]
headerBlock = do
  ((txt, _), raw) <- withRaw (doubleHeader' <|> singleHeader')
  (ident,_,_) <- registerHeader nullAttr txt
  let key = toKey (stringify txt)
  --TODO: parse width, height, class and name attributes
  updateState $ \s -> s { stateKeys = M.insert key (('#':ident,""), nullAttr)
                          $ stateKeys s }
  return raw


--
-- tables
--

-- General tables TODO:
--  - figure out if leading spaces are acceptable and if so, add
--    support for them
--
-- Simple tables TODO:
--  - column spans
--  - multiline support
--  - ensure that rightmost column span does not need to reach end
--  - require at least 2 columns
--
-- Grid tables TODO:
--  - column spans

dashedLine :: Monad m => Char -> ParserT [Char] st m (Int, Int)
dashedLine ch = do
  dashes <- many1 (char ch)
  sp     <- many (char ' ')
  return (length dashes, length $ dashes ++ sp)

simpleDashedLines :: Monad m => Char -> ParserT [Char] st m [(Int,Int)]
simpleDashedLines ch = try $ many1 (dashedLine ch)

-- Parse a table row separator
simpleTableSep :: Monad m => Char -> RSTParser m Char
simpleTableSep ch = try $ simpleDashedLines ch >> newline

-- Parse a table footer
simpleTableFooter :: Monad m => RSTParser m [Char]
simpleTableFooter = try $ simpleTableSep '=' >> blanklines

-- Parse a raw line and split it into chunks by indices.
simpleTableRawLine :: Monad m => [Int] -> RSTParser m [String]
simpleTableRawLine indices = simpleTableSplitLine indices <$> anyLine

simpleTableRawLineWithEmptyCell :: Monad m => [Int] -> RSTParser m [String]
simpleTableRawLineWithEmptyCell indices = try $ do
  cs <- simpleTableRawLine indices
  let isEmptyCell = all (\c -> c == ' ' || c == '\t')
  guard $ any isEmptyCell cs
  return cs

-- Parse a table row and return a list of blocks (columns).
simpleTableRow :: PandocMonad m => [Int] -> RSTParser m [Blocks]
simpleTableRow indices = do
  notFollowedBy' simpleTableFooter
  firstLine <- simpleTableRawLine indices
  conLines  <- many $ simpleTableRawLineWithEmptyCell indices
  let cols = map unlines . transpose $ firstLine : conLines ++
                                 [replicate (length indices) ""
                                   | not (null conLines)]
  mapM (parseFromString parseBlocks) cols

simpleTableSplitLine :: [Int] -> String -> [String]
simpleTableSplitLine indices line =
  map trimr
  $ tail $ splitByIndices (init indices) line

simpleTableHeader :: PandocMonad m
                  => Bool  -- ^ Headerless table
                  -> RSTParser m ([Blocks], [Alignment], [Int])
simpleTableHeader headless = try $ do
  optional blanklines
  rawContent  <- if headless
                    then return ""
                    else simpleTableSep '=' >> anyLine
  dashes      <- simpleDashedLines '=' <|> simpleDashedLines '-'
  newline
  let lines'   = map snd dashes
  let indices  = scanl (+) 0 lines'
  let aligns   = replicate (length lines') AlignDefault
  let rawHeads = if headless
                    then replicate (length dashes) ""
                    else simpleTableSplitLine indices rawContent
  heads <- mapM (parseFromString (mconcat <$> many plain)) $
             map trim rawHeads
  return (heads, aligns, indices)

-- Parse a simple table.
simpleTable :: PandocMonad m
            => Bool  -- ^ Headerless table
            -> RSTParser m Blocks
simpleTable headless = do
  let wrapIdFst (a, b, c) = (Identity a, b, c)
      wrapId = fmap Identity
  tbl <- runIdentity <$> tableWith
           (wrapIdFst <$> simpleTableHeader headless)
           (wrapId <$> simpleTableRow)
           sep simpleTableFooter
  -- Simple tables get 0s for relative column widths (i.e., use default)
  case B.toList tbl of
       [Table c a _w h l]  -> return $ B.singleton $
                                 Table c a (replicate (length a) 0) h l
       _ ->
         throwError $ PandocShouldNeverHappenError
            "tableWith returned something unexpected"
 where
  sep = return () -- optional (simpleTableSep '-')

gridTable :: PandocMonad m
          => Bool -- ^ Headerless table
          -> RSTParser m Blocks
gridTable headerless = runIdentity <$>
  gridTableWith (Identity <$> parseBlocks) headerless

table :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Blocks
table = gridTable False <|> simpleTable False <|>
        gridTable True  <|> simpleTable True <?> "table"

--
-- inline
--

inline :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
inline = choice [ note          -- can start with whitespace, so try before ws
                , whitespace
                , link
                , str
                , endline
                , strong
                , emph
                , code
                , subst
                , interpretedRole
                , smart
                , hyphens
                , escapedChar
                , symbol ] <?> "inline"

parseInlineFromString :: PandocMonad m => String -> RSTParser m Inlines
parseInlineFromString = parseFromString (trimInlines . mconcat <$> many inline)

hyphens :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
hyphens = do
  result <- many1 (char '-')
  optional endline
  -- don't want to treat endline after hyphen or dash as a space
  return $ B.str result

escapedChar :: Monad m => ParserT [Char] st m Inlines
escapedChar = do c <- escaped anyChar
                 return $ if c == ' ' || c == '\n' || c == '\r'
                             -- '\ ' is null in RST
                             then mempty
                             else B.str [c]

symbol :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
symbol = do
  result <- oneOf specialChars
  return $ B.str [result]

-- parses inline code, between codeStart and codeEnd
code :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
code = try $ do
  string "``"
  result <- manyTill anyChar (try (string "``"))
  return $ B.code
         $ trim $ unwords $ lines result

-- succeeds only if we're not right after a str (ie. in middle of word)
atStart :: Monad m => RSTParser m a -> RSTParser m a
atStart p = do
  pos <- getPosition
  st <- getState
  -- single quote start can't be right after str
  guard $ stateLastStrPos st /= Just pos
  p

emph :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
emph = B.emph . trimInlines . mconcat <$>
         enclosed (atStart $ char '*') (char '*') inline

strong :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
strong = B.strong . trimInlines . mconcat <$>
          enclosed (atStart $ string "**") (try $ string "**") inline

-- Note, this doesn't precisely implement the complex rule in
-- http://docutils.sourceforge.net/docs/ref/rst/restructuredtext.html#inline-markup-recognition-rules
-- but it should be good enough for most purposes
--
-- TODO:
--  - Classes are silently discarded in addNewRole
--  - Lacks sensible implementation for title-reference (which is the default)
--  - Allows direct use of the :raw: role, rST only allows inherited use.
interpretedRole :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
interpretedRole = try $ do
  (role, contents) <- roleBefore <|> roleAfter
  renderRole contents Nothing role nullAttr

renderRole :: PandocMonad m => String -> Maybe String -> String -> Attr -> RSTParser m Inlines
renderRole contents fmt role attr = case role of
    "sup"  -> return $ B.superscript $ B.str contents
    "superscript" -> return $ B.superscript $ B.str contents
    "sub"  -> return $ B.subscript $ B.str contents
    "subscript"  -> return $ B.subscript $ B.str contents
    "emphasis" -> return $ B.emph $ B.str contents
    "strong" -> return $ B.strong $ B.str contents
    "rfc-reference" -> return $ rfcLink contents
    "RFC" -> return $ rfcLink contents
    "pep-reference" -> return $ pepLink contents
    "PEP" -> return $ pepLink contents
    "literal" -> return $ B.codeWith attr contents
    "math" -> return $ B.math contents
    "title-reference" -> titleRef contents
    "title" -> titleRef contents
    "t" -> titleRef contents
    "code" -> return $ B.codeWith (addClass "sourceCode" attr) contents
    "span" -> return $ B.spanWith attr $ B.str contents
    "raw" -> return $ B.rawInline (fromMaybe "" fmt) contents
    custom -> do
        customRoles <- stateRstCustomRoles <$> getState
        case M.lookup custom customRoles of
            Just (newRole, newFmt, newAttr) ->
                renderRole contents newFmt newRole newAttr
            Nothing -> do
                pos <- getPosition
                logMessage $ SkippedContent (":" ++ custom ++ ":") pos
                return $ B.str contents -- Undefined role
 where
   titleRef ref = return $ B.str ref -- FIXME: Not a sensible behaviour
   rfcLink rfcNo = B.link rfcUrl ("RFC " ++ rfcNo) $ B.str ("RFC " ++ rfcNo)
     where rfcUrl = "http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc" ++ rfcNo ++ ".html"
   pepLink pepNo = B.link pepUrl ("PEP " ++ pepNo) $ B.str ("PEP " ++ pepNo)
     where padNo = replicate (4 - length pepNo) '0' ++ pepNo
           pepUrl = "http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-" ++ padNo ++ "/"

addClass :: String -> Attr -> Attr
addClass c (ident, classes, keyValues) = (ident, union classes [c], keyValues)

roleName :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m String
roleName = many1 (letter <|> char '-')

roleMarker :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m String
roleMarker = char ':' *> roleName <* char ':'

roleBefore :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m (String,String)
roleBefore = try $ do
  role <- roleMarker
  contents <- unmarkedInterpretedText
  return (role,contents)

roleAfter :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m (String,String)
roleAfter = try $ do
  contents <- unmarkedInterpretedText
  role <- roleMarker <|> (stateRstDefaultRole <$> getState)
  return (role,contents)

unmarkedInterpretedText :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m [Char]
unmarkedInterpretedText = enclosed (atStart $ char '`') (char '`') anyChar

whitespace :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
whitespace = B.space <$ skipMany1 spaceChar <?> "whitespace"

str :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
str = do
  let strChar = noneOf ("\t\n " ++ specialChars)
  result <- many1 strChar
  updateLastStrPos
  return $ B.str result

-- an endline character that can be treated as a space, not a structural break
endline :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
endline = try $ do
  newline
  notFollowedBy blankline
  -- parse potential list-starts at beginning of line differently in a list:
  st <- getState
  if (stateParserContext st) == ListItemState
     then notFollowedBy (anyOrderedListMarker >> spaceChar) >>
          notFollowedBy' bulletListStart
     else return ()
  return B.softbreak

--
-- links
--

link :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
link = choice [explicitLink, referenceLink, autoLink]  <?> "link"

explicitLink :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
explicitLink = try $ do
  char '`'
  notFollowedBy (char '`') -- `` marks start of inline code
  label' <- trimInlines . mconcat <$>
             manyTill (notFollowedBy (char '`') >> inline) (char '<')
  src <- trim <$> manyTill (noneOf ">\n") (char '>')
  skipSpaces
  string "`_"
  optional $ char '_' -- anonymous form
  let label'' = if label' == mempty
                   then B.str src
                   else label'
  -- `link <google_>` is a reference link to _google!
  ((src',tit),attr) <- case reverse src of
                          '_':xs -> lookupKey [] (toKey (reverse xs))
                          _      -> return ((src, ""), nullAttr)
  return $ B.linkWith attr (escapeURI src') tit label''

citationName :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
citationName = do
  raw <- citationMarker
  return $ B.str $ "[" ++ raw ++ "]"

referenceLink :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
referenceLink = try $ do
  (label',ref) <- withRaw (quotedReferenceName
                          <|> simpleReferenceName
                          <|> citationName) <*
                   char '_'
  let isAnonKey (Key ('_':_)) = True
      isAnonKey _             = False
  state <- getState
  let keyTable = stateKeys state
  key <- option (toKey $ stripTicks ref) $
                do char '_'
                   let anonKeys = sort $ filter isAnonKey $ M.keys keyTable
                   case anonKeys of
                        []    -> mzero
                        (k:_) -> return k
  ((src,tit), attr) <- lookupKey [] key
  -- if anonymous link, remove key so it won't be used again
  when (isAnonKey key) $ updateState $ \s -> s{ stateKeys = M.delete key keyTable }
  return $ B.linkWith attr src tit label'

-- We keep a list of oldkeys so we can detect lookup loops.
lookupKey :: PandocMonad m
          => [Key] -> Key -> RSTParser m ((String, String), Attr)
lookupKey oldkeys key = do
  pos <- getPosition
  state <- getState
  let keyTable = stateKeys state
  case M.lookup key keyTable of
       Nothing  -> do
         let Key key' = key
         logMessage $ ReferenceNotFound key' pos
         return (("",""),nullAttr)
       -- check for keys of the form link_, which need to be resolved:
       Just ((u@(_:_),""),_) | last u == '_' -> do
         let rawkey = init u
         let newkey = toKey rawkey
         if newkey `elem` oldkeys
            then do
              logMessage $ CircularReference rawkey pos
              return (("",""),nullAttr)
            else lookupKey (key:oldkeys) newkey
       Just val -> return val

autoURI :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
autoURI = do
  (orig, src) <- uri
  return $ B.link src "" $ B.str orig

autoEmail :: Monad m => RSTParser m Inlines
autoEmail = do
  (orig, src) <- emailAddress
  return $ B.link src "" $ B.str orig

autoLink :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
autoLink = autoURI <|> autoEmail

subst :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
subst = try $ do
  (_,ref) <- withRaw $ enclosed (char '|') (char '|') inline
  state <- getState
  let substTable = stateSubstitutions state
  let key = toKey $ stripFirstAndLast ref
  case M.lookup key substTable of
       Nothing     -> do
         pos <- getPosition
         logMessage $ ReferenceNotFound (show key) pos
         return mempty
       Just target -> return target

note :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
note = try $ do
  optional whitespace
  ref <- noteMarker
  char '_'
  state <- getState
  let notes = stateNotes state
  case lookup ref notes of
    Nothing   -> do
      pos <- getPosition
      logMessage $ ReferenceNotFound ref pos
      return mempty
    Just raw  -> do
      -- We temporarily empty the note list while parsing the note,
      -- so that we don't get infinite loops with notes inside notes...
      -- Note references inside other notes are allowed in reST, but
      -- not yet in this implementation.
      updateState $ \st -> st{ stateNotes = [] }
      contents <- parseFromString parseBlocks raw
      let newnotes = if (ref == "*" || ref == "#") -- auto-numbered
                        -- delete the note so the next auto-numbered note
                        -- doesn't get the same contents:
                        then deleteFirstsBy (==) notes [(ref,raw)]
                        else notes
      updateState $ \st -> st{ stateNotes = newnotes }
      return $ B.note contents

smart :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
smart = do
  guardEnabled Ext_smart
  doubleQuoted <|> singleQuoted <|>
    choice [apostrophe, dash, ellipses]

singleQuoted :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
singleQuoted = try $ do
  singleQuoteStart
  withQuoteContext InSingleQuote $
    B.singleQuoted . trimInlines . mconcat <$>
      many1Till inline singleQuoteEnd

doubleQuoted :: PandocMonad m => RSTParser m Inlines
doubleQuoted = try $ do
  doubleQuoteStart
  withQuoteContext InDoubleQuote $
    B.doubleQuoted . trimInlines . mconcat <$>
      many1Till inline doubleQuoteEnd