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{-# LANGUAGE DeriveDataTypeable, CPP, MultiParamTypeClasses,
    FlexibleContexts, ScopedTypeVariables, PatternGuards,
    ViewPatterns #-}
{-
Copyright (C) 2006-2015 John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley.edu>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
-}

{- |
   Module      : Text.Pandoc.Shared
   Copyright   : Copyright (C) 2006-2015 John MacFarlane
   License     : GNU GPL, version 2 or above

   Maintainer  : John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley.edu>
   Stability   : alpha
   Portability : portable

Utility functions and definitions used by the various Pandoc modules.
-}
module Text.Pandoc.Shared (
                     -- * List processing
                     splitBy,
                     splitByIndices,
                     splitStringByIndices,
                     substitute,
                     ordNub,
                     -- * Text processing
                     backslashEscapes,
                     escapeStringUsing,
                     stripTrailingNewlines,
                     trim,
                     triml,
                     trimr,
                     stripFirstAndLast,
                     camelCaseToHyphenated,
                     toRomanNumeral,
                     escapeURI,
                     tabFilter,
                     -- * Date/time
                     normalizeDate,
                     -- * Pandoc block and inline list processing
                     orderedListMarkers,
                     normalizeSpaces,
                     extractSpaces,
                     normalize,
                     normalizeInlines,
                     normalizeBlocks,
                     removeFormatting,
                     stringify,
                     capitalize,
                     compactify,
                     compactify',
                     compactify'DL,
                     Element (..),
                     hierarchicalize,
                     uniqueIdent,
                     isHeaderBlock,
                     headerShift,
                     isTightList,
                     addMetaField,
                     makeMeta,
                     -- * TagSoup HTML handling
                     renderTags',
                     -- * File handling
                     inDirectory,
                     readDataFile,
                     readDataFileUTF8,
                     fetchItem,
                     fetchItem',
                     openURL,
                     collapseFilePath,
                     -- * Error handling
                     err,
                     warn,
                     mapLeft,
                     hush,
                     -- * Safe read
                     safeRead,
                     -- * Temp directory
                     withTempDir
                    ) where

import Text.Pandoc.Definition
import Text.Pandoc.Walk
import Text.Pandoc.MediaBag (MediaBag, lookupMedia)
import Text.Pandoc.Builder (Inlines, Blocks, ToMetaValue(..))
import qualified Text.Pandoc.Builder as B
import qualified Text.Pandoc.UTF8 as UTF8
import System.Environment (getProgName)
import System.Exit (exitWith, ExitCode(..))
import Data.Char ( toLower, isLower, isUpper, isAlpha,
                   isLetter, isDigit, isSpace )
import Data.List ( find, stripPrefix, intercalate )
import qualified Data.Map as M
import Network.URI ( escapeURIString, isURI, nonStrictRelativeTo,
                     unEscapeString, parseURIReference, isAllowedInURI )
import qualified Data.Set as Set
import System.Directory
import System.FilePath (joinPath, splitDirectories, pathSeparator, isPathSeparator)
import Text.Pandoc.MIME (MimeType, getMimeType)
import System.FilePath ( (</>), takeExtension, dropExtension)
import Data.Generics (Typeable, Data)
import qualified Control.Monad.State as S
import qualified Control.Exception as E
import Control.Monad (msum, unless, MonadPlus(..))
import Text.Pandoc.Pretty (charWidth)
import Text.Pandoc.Compat.Locale (defaultTimeLocale)
import Data.Time
import System.IO (stderr)
import System.IO.Temp
import Text.HTML.TagSoup (renderTagsOptions, RenderOptions(..), Tag(..),
         renderOptions)
import qualified Data.ByteString as BS
import qualified Data.ByteString.Char8 as B8
import Text.Pandoc.Compat.Monoid
import Data.ByteString.Base64 (decodeLenient)
import Data.Sequence (ViewR(..), ViewL(..), viewl, viewr)
import qualified Data.Text as T (toUpper, pack, unpack)
import Data.ByteString.Lazy (toChunks)

#ifdef EMBED_DATA_FILES
import Text.Pandoc.Data (dataFiles, readmeFile)
#else
import Paths_pandoc (getDataFileName)
#endif
#ifdef HTTP_CLIENT
import Network.HTTP.Client (httpLbs, parseUrl, withManager,
                            responseBody, responseHeaders,
                            Request(port,host))
import Network.HTTP.Client.Internal (addProxy)
import Network.HTTP.Client.TLS (tlsManagerSettings)
import System.Environment (getEnv)
import Network.HTTP.Types.Header ( hContentType)
import Network (withSocketsDo)
#else
import Network.URI (parseURI)
import Network.HTTP (findHeader, rspBody,
                     RequestMethod(..), HeaderName(..), mkRequest)
import Network.Browser (browse, setAllowRedirects, setOutHandler, request)
#endif

--
-- List processing
--

-- | Split list by groups of one or more sep.
splitBy :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [[a]]
splitBy _ [] = []
splitBy isSep lst =
  let (first, rest) = break isSep lst
      rest'         = dropWhile isSep rest
  in  first:(splitBy isSep rest')

splitByIndices :: [Int] -> [a] -> [[a]]
splitByIndices [] lst = [lst]
splitByIndices (x:xs) lst = first:(splitByIndices (map (\y -> y - x)  xs) rest)
  where (first, rest) = splitAt x lst

-- | Split string into chunks divided at specified indices.
splitStringByIndices :: [Int] -> [Char] -> [[Char]]
splitStringByIndices [] lst = [lst]
splitStringByIndices (x:xs) lst =
  let (first, rest) = splitAt' x lst in
  first : (splitStringByIndices (map (\y -> y - x) xs) rest)

splitAt' :: Int -> [Char] -> ([Char],[Char])
splitAt' _ []          = ([],[])
splitAt' n xs | n <= 0 = ([],xs)
splitAt' n (x:xs)      = (x:ys,zs)
  where (ys,zs) = splitAt' (n - charWidth x) xs

-- | Replace each occurrence of one sublist in a list with another.
substitute :: (Eq a) => [a] -> [a] -> [a] -> [a]
substitute _ _ [] = []
substitute [] _ xs = xs
substitute target replacement lst@(x:xs) =
    case stripPrefix target lst of
      Just lst' -> replacement ++ substitute target replacement lst'
      Nothing   -> x : substitute target replacement xs

ordNub :: (Ord a) => [a] -> [a]
ordNub l = go Set.empty l
  where
    go _ [] = []
    go s (x:xs) = if x `Set.member` s then go s xs
                                      else x : go (Set.insert x s) xs

--
-- Text processing
--

-- | Returns an association list of backslash escapes for the
-- designated characters.
backslashEscapes :: [Char]    -- ^ list of special characters to escape
                 -> [(Char, String)]
backslashEscapes = map (\ch -> (ch, ['\\',ch]))

-- | Escape a string of characters, using an association list of
-- characters and strings.
escapeStringUsing :: [(Char, String)] -> String -> String
escapeStringUsing _ [] = ""
escapeStringUsing escapeTable (x:xs) =
  case (lookup x escapeTable) of
       Just str  -> str ++ rest
       Nothing   -> x:rest
  where rest = escapeStringUsing escapeTable xs

-- | Strip trailing newlines from string.
stripTrailingNewlines :: String -> String
stripTrailingNewlines = reverse . dropWhile (== '\n') . reverse

-- | Remove leading and trailing space (including newlines) from string.
trim :: String -> String
trim = triml . trimr

-- | Remove leading space (including newlines) from string.
triml :: String -> String
triml = dropWhile (`elem` " \r\n\t")

-- | Remove trailing space (including newlines) from string.
trimr :: String -> String
trimr = reverse . triml . reverse

-- | Strip leading and trailing characters from string
stripFirstAndLast :: String -> String
stripFirstAndLast str =
  drop 1 $ take ((length str) - 1) str

-- | Change CamelCase word to hyphenated lowercase (e.g., camel-case).
camelCaseToHyphenated :: String -> String
camelCaseToHyphenated [] = ""
camelCaseToHyphenated (a:b:rest) | isLower a && isUpper b =
  a:'-':(toLower b):(camelCaseToHyphenated rest)
camelCaseToHyphenated (a:rest) = (toLower a):(camelCaseToHyphenated rest)

-- | Convert number < 4000 to uppercase roman numeral.
toRomanNumeral :: Int -> String
toRomanNumeral x =
  if x >= 4000 || x < 0
     then "?"
     else case x of
              _ | x >= 1000 -> "M" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 1000)
              _ | x >= 900  -> "CM" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 900)
              _ | x >= 500  -> "D" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 500)
              _ | x >= 400  -> "CD" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 400)
              _ | x >= 100  -> "C" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 100)
              _ | x >= 90   -> "XC" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 90)
              _ | x >= 50   -> "L"  ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 50)
              _ | x >= 40   -> "XL" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 40)
              _ | x >= 10   -> "X" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 10)
              _ | x == 9    -> "IX"
              _ | x >= 5    -> "V" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 5)
              _ | x == 4    -> "IV"
              _ | x >= 1    -> "I" ++ toRomanNumeral (x - 1)
              _             -> ""

-- | Escape whitespace in URI.
escapeURI :: String -> String
escapeURI = escapeURIString (not . isSpace)

-- | Convert tabs to spaces and filter out DOS line endings.
-- Tabs will be preserved if tab stop is set to 0.
tabFilter :: Int       -- ^ Tab stop
          -> String    -- ^ Input
          -> String
tabFilter tabStop =
  let go _ [] = ""
      go _ ('\n':xs) = '\n' : go tabStop xs
      go _ ('\r':'\n':xs) = '\n' : go tabStop xs
      go _ ('\r':xs) = '\n' : go tabStop xs
      go spsToNextStop ('\t':xs) =
        if tabStop == 0
           then '\t' : go tabStop xs
           else replicate spsToNextStop ' ' ++ go tabStop xs
      go 1 (x:xs) =
        x : go tabStop xs
      go spsToNextStop (x:xs) =
        x : go (spsToNextStop - 1) xs
  in  go tabStop

--
-- Date/time
--

-- | Parse a date and convert (if possible) to "YYYY-MM-DD" format.
normalizeDate :: String -> Maybe String
normalizeDate s = fmap (formatTime defaultTimeLocale "%F")
  (msum $ map (\fs -> parsetimeWith fs s) formats :: Maybe Day)
   where parsetimeWith = parseTime defaultTimeLocale
         formats = ["%x","%m/%d/%Y", "%D","%F", "%d %b %Y",
                    "%d %B %Y", "%b. %d, %Y", "%B %d, %Y", "%Y"]

--
-- Pandoc block and inline list processing
--

-- | Generate infinite lazy list of markers for an ordered list,
-- depending on list attributes.
orderedListMarkers :: (Int, ListNumberStyle, ListNumberDelim) -> [String]
orderedListMarkers (start, numstyle, numdelim) =
  let singleton c = [c]
      nums = case numstyle of
                     DefaultStyle -> map show [start..]
                     Example      -> map show [start..]
                     Decimal      -> map show [start..]
                     UpperAlpha   -> drop (start - 1) $ cycle $
                                     map singleton ['A'..'Z']
                     LowerAlpha   -> drop (start - 1) $ cycle $
                                     map singleton ['a'..'z']
                     UpperRoman   -> map toRomanNumeral [start..]
                     LowerRoman   -> map (map toLower . toRomanNumeral) [start..]
      inDelim str = case numdelim of
                            DefaultDelim -> str ++ "."
                            Period       -> str ++ "."
                            OneParen     -> str ++ ")"
                            TwoParens    -> "(" ++ str ++ ")"
  in  map inDelim nums

-- | Normalize a list of inline elements: remove leading and trailing
-- @Space@ elements, collapse double @Space@s into singles, and
-- remove empty Str elements.
normalizeSpaces :: [Inline] -> [Inline]
normalizeSpaces = cleanup . dropWhile isSpaceOrEmpty
 where  cleanup []              = []
        cleanup (Space:rest)    = case dropWhile isSpaceOrEmpty rest of
                                        []     -> []
                                        (x:xs) -> Space : x : cleanup xs
        cleanup ((Str ""):rest) = cleanup rest
        cleanup (x:rest)        = x : cleanup rest

isSpaceOrEmpty :: Inline -> Bool
isSpaceOrEmpty Space = True
isSpaceOrEmpty (Str "") = True
isSpaceOrEmpty _ = False

-- | Extract the leading and trailing spaces from inside an inline element
-- and place them outside the element.

extractSpaces :: (Inlines -> Inlines) -> Inlines -> Inlines
extractSpaces f is =
  let contents = B.unMany is
      left  = case viewl contents of
                    (Space :< _) -> B.space
                    _            -> mempty
      right = case viewr contents of
                    (_ :> Space) -> B.space
                    _            -> mempty in
  (left <> f (B.trimInlines . B.Many $ contents) <> right)

-- | Normalize @Pandoc@ document, consolidating doubled 'Space's,
-- combining adjacent 'Str's and 'Emph's, remove 'Null's and
-- empty elements, etc.
normalize :: Pandoc -> Pandoc
normalize (Pandoc (Meta meta) blocks) =
  Pandoc (Meta $ M.map go meta) (normalizeBlocks blocks)
  where go (MetaInlines xs) = MetaInlines $ normalizeInlines xs
        go (MetaBlocks xs)  = MetaBlocks  $ normalizeBlocks xs
        go (MetaList ms)    = MetaList $ map go ms
        go (MetaMap m)      = MetaMap $ M.map go m
        go x                = x

normalizeBlocks :: [Block] -> [Block]
normalizeBlocks (Null : xs) = normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (Div attr bs : xs) =
  Div attr (normalizeBlocks bs) : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (BlockQuote bs : xs) =
  case normalizeBlocks bs of
       []    -> normalizeBlocks xs
       bs'   -> BlockQuote bs' : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (BulletList [] : xs) = normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (BulletList items : xs) =
  BulletList (map normalizeBlocks items) : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (OrderedList _ [] : xs) = normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (OrderedList attr items : xs) =
  OrderedList attr (map normalizeBlocks items) : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (DefinitionList [] : xs) = normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (DefinitionList items : xs) =
  DefinitionList (map go items) : normalizeBlocks xs
  where go (ils, bs) = (normalizeInlines ils, map normalizeBlocks bs)
normalizeBlocks (RawBlock _ "" : xs) = normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (RawBlock f x : xs) =
   case normalizeBlocks xs of
        (RawBlock f' x' : rest) | f' == f ->
          RawBlock f (x ++ ('\n':x')) : rest
        rest -> RawBlock f x : rest
normalizeBlocks (Para ils : xs) =
  case normalizeInlines ils of
       []   -> normalizeBlocks xs
       ils' -> Para ils' : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (Plain ils : xs) =
  case normalizeInlines ils of
       []   -> normalizeBlocks xs
       ils' -> Plain ils' : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (Header lev attr ils : xs) =
  Header lev attr (normalizeInlines ils) : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (Table capt aligns widths hdrs rows : xs) =
  Table (normalizeInlines capt) aligns widths
    (map normalizeBlocks hdrs) (map (map normalizeBlocks) rows)
  : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks (x:xs) = x : normalizeBlocks xs
normalizeBlocks [] = []

normalizeInlines :: [Inline] -> [Inline]
normalizeInlines (Str x : ys) =
  case concat (x : map fromStr strs) of
        ""     -> rest
        n      -> Str n : rest
   where
     (strs, rest)  = span isStr $ normalizeInlines ys
     isStr (Str _) = True
     isStr _       = False
     fromStr (Str z) = z
     fromStr _       = error "normalizeInlines - fromStr - not a Str"
normalizeInlines (Space : ys) =
  if null rest
     then []
     else Space : rest
   where isSp Space = True
         isSp _     = False
         rest       = dropWhile isSp $ normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Emph xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Emph ys : rest) -> normalizeInlines $
         Emph (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> case normalizeInlines xs of
                    []  -> rest
                    xs' -> Emph xs' : rest
normalizeInlines (Strong xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Strong ys : rest) -> normalizeInlines $
         Strong (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> case normalizeInlines xs of
                    []  -> rest
                    xs' -> Strong xs' : rest
normalizeInlines (Subscript xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Subscript ys : rest) -> normalizeInlines $
         Subscript (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> case normalizeInlines xs of
                    []  -> rest
                    xs' -> Subscript xs' : rest
normalizeInlines (Superscript xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Superscript ys : rest) -> normalizeInlines $
         Superscript (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> case normalizeInlines xs of
                    []  -> rest
                    xs' -> Superscript xs' : rest
normalizeInlines (SmallCaps xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (SmallCaps ys : rest) -> normalizeInlines $
         SmallCaps (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> case normalizeInlines xs of
                    []  -> rest
                    xs' -> SmallCaps xs' : rest
normalizeInlines (Strikeout xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Strikeout ys : rest) -> normalizeInlines $
         Strikeout (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> case normalizeInlines xs of
                    []  -> rest
                    xs' -> Strikeout xs' : rest
normalizeInlines (RawInline _ [] : ys) = normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (RawInline f xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (RawInline f' ys : rest) | f == f' -> normalizeInlines $
         RawInline f (xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> RawInline f xs : rest
normalizeInlines (Code _ "" : ys) = normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Code attr xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Code attr' ys : rest) | attr == attr' -> normalizeInlines $
         Code attr (xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> Code attr xs : rest
-- allow empty spans, they may carry identifiers etc.
-- normalizeInlines (Span _ [] : ys) = normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Span attr xs : zs) =
  case normalizeInlines zs of
       (Span attr' ys : rest) | attr == attr' -> normalizeInlines $
         Span attr (normalizeInlines $ xs ++ ys) : rest
       rest -> Span attr (normalizeInlines xs) : rest
normalizeInlines (Note bs : ys) = Note (normalizeBlocks bs) :
  normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Quoted qt ils : ys) =
  Quoted qt (normalizeInlines ils) : normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Link ils t : ys) =
  Link (normalizeInlines ils) t : normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Image ils t : ys) =
  Image (normalizeInlines ils) t : normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (Cite cs ils : ys) =
  Cite cs (normalizeInlines ils) : normalizeInlines ys
normalizeInlines (x : xs) = x : normalizeInlines xs
normalizeInlines [] = []

-- | Extract inlines, removing formatting.
removeFormatting :: Walkable Inline a => a -> [Inline]
removeFormatting = query go . walk deNote
  where go :: Inline -> [Inline]
        go (Str xs)     = [Str xs]
        go Space        = [Space]
        go (Code _ x)   = [Str x]
        go (Math _ x)   = [Str x]
        go LineBreak    = [Space]
        go _            = []
        deNote (Note _) = Str ""
        deNote x        = x

-- | Convert pandoc structure to a string with formatting removed.
-- Footnotes are skipped (since we don't want their contents in link
-- labels).
stringify :: Walkable Inline a => a -> String
stringify = query go . walk deNote
  where go :: Inline -> [Char]
        go Space = " "
        go (Str x) = x
        go (Code _ x) = x
        go (Math _ x) = x
        go LineBreak = " "
        go _ = ""
        deNote (Note _) = Str ""
        deNote x = x

-- | Bring all regular text in a pandoc structure to uppercase.
--
-- This function correctly handles cases where a lowercase character doesn't
-- match to a single uppercase character – e.g. “Straße” would be converted
-- to “STRASSE”, not “STRAßE”.
capitalize :: Walkable Inline a => a -> a
capitalize = walk go
  where go :: Inline -> Inline
        go (Str s) = Str (T.unpack $ T.toUpper $ T.pack s)
        go x       = x

-- | Change final list item from @Para@ to @Plain@ if the list contains
-- no other @Para@ blocks.
compactify :: [[Block]]  -- ^ List of list items (each a list of blocks)
           -> [[Block]]
compactify [] = []
compactify items =
  case (init items, last items) of
       (_,[])          -> items
       (others, final) ->
            case last final of
                 Para a -> case (filter isPara $ concat items) of
                                -- if this is only Para, change to Plain
                                [_] -> others ++ [init final ++ [Plain a]]
                                _   -> items
                 _      -> items

-- | Change final list item from @Para@ to @Plain@ if the list contains
-- no other @Para@ blocks.  Like compactify, but operates on @Blocks@ rather
-- than @[Block]@.
compactify' :: [Blocks]  -- ^ List of list items (each a list of blocks)
           -> [Blocks]
compactify' [] = []
compactify' items =
  let (others, final) = (init items, last items)
  in  case reverse (B.toList final) of
           (Para a:xs) -> case [Para x | Para x <- concatMap B.toList items] of
                            -- if this is only Para, change to Plain
                            [_] -> others ++ [B.fromList (reverse $ Plain a : xs)]
                            _   -> items
           _      -> items

-- | Like @compactify'@, but acts on items of definition lists.
compactify'DL :: [(Inlines, [Blocks])] -> [(Inlines, [Blocks])]
compactify'DL items =
  let defs = concatMap snd items
  in  case reverse (concatMap B.toList defs) of
           (Para x:xs)
             | not (any isPara xs) ->
                   let (t,ds) = last items
                       lastDef = B.toList $ last ds
                       ds' = init ds ++
                             if null lastDef
                                then [B.fromList lastDef]
                                else [B.fromList $ init lastDef ++ [Plain x]]
                    in init items ++ [(t, ds')]
             | otherwise           -> items
           _                       -> items

isPara :: Block -> Bool
isPara (Para _) = True
isPara _        = False

-- | Data structure for defining hierarchical Pandoc documents
data Element = Blk Block
             | Sec Int [Int] Attr [Inline] [Element]
             --    lvl  num attributes label    contents
             deriving (Eq, Read, Show, Typeable, Data)

instance Walkable Inline Element where
  walk f (Blk x) = Blk (walk f x)
  walk f (Sec lev nums attr ils elts) = Sec lev nums attr (walk f ils) (walk f elts)
  walkM f (Blk x) = Blk `fmap` walkM f x
  walkM f (Sec lev nums attr ils elts) = do
    ils' <- walkM f ils
    elts' <- walkM f elts
    return $ Sec lev nums attr ils' elts'
  query f (Blk x) = query f x
  query f (Sec _ _ _ ils elts) = query f ils <> query f elts

instance Walkable Block Element where
  walk f (Blk x) = Blk (walk f x)
  walk f (Sec lev nums attr ils elts) = Sec lev nums attr (walk f ils) (walk f elts)
  walkM f (Blk x) = Blk `fmap` walkM f x
  walkM f (Sec lev nums attr ils elts) = do
    ils' <- walkM f ils
    elts' <- walkM f elts
    return $ Sec lev nums attr ils' elts'
  query f (Blk x) = query f x
  query f (Sec _ _ _ ils elts) = query f ils <> query f elts


-- | Convert Pandoc inline list to plain text identifier.  HTML
-- identifiers must start with a letter, and may contain only
-- letters, digits, and the characters _-.
inlineListToIdentifier :: [Inline] -> String
inlineListToIdentifier =
  dropWhile (not . isAlpha) . intercalate "-" . words .
    map (nbspToSp . toLower) .
    filter (\c -> isLetter c || isDigit c || c `elem` "_-. ") .
    stringify
 where nbspToSp '\160'     =  ' '
       nbspToSp x          =  x

-- | Convert list of Pandoc blocks into (hierarchical) list of Elements
hierarchicalize :: [Block] -> [Element]
hierarchicalize blocks = S.evalState (hierarchicalizeWithIds blocks) []

hierarchicalizeWithIds :: [Block] -> S.State [Int] [Element]
hierarchicalizeWithIds [] = return []
hierarchicalizeWithIds ((Header level attr@(_,classes,_) title'):xs) = do
  lastnum <- S.get
  let lastnum' = take level lastnum
  let newnum = case length lastnum' of
                    x | "unnumbered" `elem` classes -> []
                      | x >= level -> init lastnum' ++ [last lastnum' + 1]
                      | otherwise -> lastnum ++
                           replicate (level - length lastnum - 1) 0 ++ [1]
  unless (null newnum) $ S.put newnum
  let (sectionContents, rest) = break (headerLtEq level) xs
  sectionContents' <- hierarchicalizeWithIds sectionContents
  rest' <- hierarchicalizeWithIds rest
  return $ Sec level newnum attr title' sectionContents' : rest'
hierarchicalizeWithIds (x:rest) = do
  rest' <- hierarchicalizeWithIds rest
  return $ (Blk x) : rest'

headerLtEq :: Int -> Block -> Bool
headerLtEq level (Header l _ _) = l <= level
headerLtEq _ _ = False

-- | Generate a unique identifier from a list of inlines.
-- Second argument is a list of already used identifiers.
uniqueIdent :: [Inline] -> [String] -> String
uniqueIdent title' usedIdents =
  let baseIdent = case inlineListToIdentifier title' of
                        ""   -> "section"
                        x    -> x
      numIdent n = baseIdent ++ "-" ++ show n
  in  if baseIdent `elem` usedIdents
        then case find (\x -> numIdent x `notElem` usedIdents) ([1..60000] :: [Int]) of
                  Just x  -> numIdent x
                  Nothing -> baseIdent   -- if we have more than 60,000, allow repeats
        else baseIdent

-- | True if block is a Header block.
isHeaderBlock :: Block -> Bool
isHeaderBlock (Header _ _ _) = True
isHeaderBlock _ = False

-- | Shift header levels up or down.
headerShift :: Int -> Pandoc -> Pandoc
headerShift n = walk shift
  where shift :: Block -> Block
        shift (Header level attr inner) = Header (level + n) attr inner
        shift x                         = x

-- | Detect if a list is tight.
isTightList :: [[Block]] -> Bool
isTightList = all firstIsPlain
  where firstIsPlain (Plain _ : _) = True
        firstIsPlain _             = False

-- | Set a field of a 'Meta' object.  If the field already has a value,
-- convert it into a list with the new value appended to the old value(s).
addMetaField :: ToMetaValue a
             => String
             -> a
             -> Meta
             -> Meta
addMetaField key val (Meta meta) =
  Meta $ M.insertWith combine key (toMetaValue val) meta
  where combine newval (MetaList xs) = MetaList (xs ++ tolist newval)
        combine newval x             = MetaList [x, newval]
        tolist (MetaList ys)         = ys
        tolist y                     = [y]

-- | Create 'Meta' from old-style title, authors, date.  This is
-- provided to ease the transition from the old API.
makeMeta :: [Inline] -> [[Inline]] -> [Inline] -> Meta
makeMeta title authors date =
      addMetaField "title" (B.fromList title)
    $ addMetaField "author" (map B.fromList authors)
    $ addMetaField "date" (B.fromList date)
    $ nullMeta

--
-- TagSoup HTML handling
--

-- | Render HTML tags.
renderTags' :: [Tag String] -> String
renderTags' = renderTagsOptions
               renderOptions{ optMinimize = matchTags ["hr", "br", "img",
                                                       "meta", "link"]
                            , optRawTag   = matchTags ["script", "style"] }
              where matchTags = \tags -> flip elem tags . map toLower

--
-- File handling
--

-- | Perform an IO action in a directory, returning to starting directory.
inDirectory :: FilePath -> IO a -> IO a
inDirectory path action = E.bracket
                             getCurrentDirectory
                             setCurrentDirectory
                             (const $ setCurrentDirectory path >> action)

readDefaultDataFile :: FilePath -> IO BS.ByteString
readDefaultDataFile "README" =
#ifdef EMBED_DATA_FILES
  return readmeFile
#else
  getDataFileName "README" >>= checkExistence >>= BS.readFile
#endif
readDefaultDataFile fname =
#ifdef EMBED_DATA_FILES
  case lookup (makeCanonical fname) dataFiles of
    Nothing       -> err 97 $ "Could not find data file " ++ fname
    Just contents -> return contents
  where makeCanonical = joinPath . transformPathParts . splitDirectories
        transformPathParts = reverse . foldl go []
        go as     "."  = as
        go (_:as) ".." = as
        go as     x    = x : as
#else
  getDataFileName ("data" </> fname) >>= checkExistence >>= BS.readFile
#endif

checkExistence :: FilePath -> IO FilePath
checkExistence fn = do
  exists <- doesFileExist fn
  if exists
     then return fn
     else err 97 ("Could not find data file " ++ fn)

-- | Read file from specified user data directory or, if not found there, from
-- Cabal data directory.
readDataFile :: Maybe FilePath -> FilePath -> IO BS.ByteString
readDataFile Nothing fname = readDefaultDataFile fname
readDataFile (Just userDir) fname = do
  exists <- doesFileExist (userDir </> fname)
  if exists
     then BS.readFile (userDir </> fname)
     else readDefaultDataFile fname

-- | Same as 'readDataFile' but returns a String instead of a ByteString.
readDataFileUTF8 :: Maybe FilePath -> FilePath -> IO String
readDataFileUTF8 userDir fname =
  UTF8.toString `fmap` readDataFile userDir fname

-- | Fetch an image or other item from the local filesystem or the net.
-- Returns raw content and maybe mime type.
fetchItem :: Maybe String -> String
          -> IO (Either E.SomeException (BS.ByteString, Maybe MimeType))
fetchItem sourceURL s =
  case (sourceURL >>= parseURIReference . ensureEscaped, ensureEscaped s) of
       (_, s') | isURI s'  -> openURL s'
       (Just u, s') -> -- try fetching from relative path at source
          case parseURIReference s' of
               Just u' -> openURL $ show $ u' `nonStrictRelativeTo` u
               Nothing -> openURL s' -- will throw error
       (Nothing, _) -> E.try readLocalFile -- get from local file system
  where readLocalFile = do
          cont <- BS.readFile fp
          return (cont, mime)
        dropFragmentAndQuery = takeWhile (\c -> c /= '?' && c /= '#')
        fp = unEscapeString $ dropFragmentAndQuery s
        mime = case takeExtension fp of
                    ".gz" -> getMimeType $ dropExtension fp
                    ".svgz" -> getMimeType $ dropExtension fp ++ ".svg"
                    x     -> getMimeType x
        ensureEscaped x@(_:':':'\\':_) = x -- likely windows path
        ensureEscaped x = escapeURIString isAllowedInURI x

-- | Like 'fetchItem', but also looks for items in a 'MediaBag'.
fetchItem' :: MediaBag -> Maybe String -> String
           -> IO (Either E.SomeException (BS.ByteString, Maybe MimeType))
fetchItem' media sourceURL s = do
  case lookupMedia s media of
       Nothing -> fetchItem sourceURL s
       Just (mime, bs) -> return $ Right (BS.concat $ toChunks bs, Just mime)

-- | Read from a URL and return raw data and maybe mime type.
openURL :: String -> IO (Either E.SomeException (BS.ByteString, Maybe MimeType))
openURL u
  | Just u' <- stripPrefix "data:" u =
    let mime     = takeWhile (/=',') u'
        contents = B8.pack $ unEscapeString $ drop 1 $ dropWhile (/=',') u'
    in  return $ Right (decodeLenient contents, Just mime)
#ifdef HTTP_CLIENT
  | otherwise = withSocketsDo $ E.try $ do
     req <- parseUrl u
     (proxy :: Either E.SomeException String) <- E.try $ getEnv "http_proxy"
     let req' = case proxy of
                     Left _   -> req
                     Right pr -> case parseUrl pr of
                                      Just r  -> addProxy (host r) (port r) req
                                      Nothing -> req
     resp <- withManager tlsManagerSettings $ httpLbs req'
     return (BS.concat $ toChunks $ responseBody resp,
             UTF8.toString `fmap` lookup hContentType (responseHeaders resp))
#else
  | otherwise = E.try $ getBodyAndMimeType `fmap` browse
              (do S.liftIO $ UTF8.hPutStrLn stderr $ "Fetching " ++ u ++ "..."
                  setOutHandler $ const (return ())
                  setAllowRedirects True
                  request (getRequest' u'))
  where getBodyAndMimeType (_, r) = (rspBody r, findHeader HdrContentType r)
        getRequest' uriString = case parseURI uriString of
                                   Nothing -> error ("Not a valid URL: " ++
                                                        uriString)
                                   Just v  -> mkRequest GET v
        u' = escapeURIString (/= '|') u  -- pipes are rejected by Network.URI
#endif

--
-- Error reporting
--

err :: Int -> String -> IO a
err exitCode msg = do
  name <- getProgName
  UTF8.hPutStrLn stderr $ name ++ ": " ++ msg
  exitWith $ ExitFailure exitCode
  return undefined

warn :: String -> IO ()
warn msg = do
  name <- getProgName
  UTF8.hPutStrLn stderr $ name ++ ": " ++ msg

mapLeft :: (a -> b) -> Either a c -> Either b c
mapLeft f (Left x) = Left (f x)
mapLeft _ (Right x) = Right x

hush :: Either a b -> Maybe b
hush (Left _) = Nothing
hush (Right x) = Just x

-- | Remove intermediate "." and ".." directories from a path.
--
-- > collapseFilePath "./foo" == "foo"
-- > collapseFilePath "/bar/../baz" == "/baz"
-- > collapseFilePath "/../baz" == "/../baz"
-- > collapseFilePath "parent/foo/baz/../bar" ==  "parent/foo/bar"
-- > collapseFilePath "parent/foo/baz/../../bar" ==  "parent/bar"
-- > collapseFilePath "parent/foo/.." ==  "parent"
-- > collapseFilePath "/parent/foo/../../bar" ==  "/bar"
collapseFilePath :: FilePath -> FilePath
collapseFilePath = joinPath . reverse . foldl go [] . splitDirectories
  where
    go rs "." = rs
    go r@(p:rs) ".." = case p of
                            ".." -> ("..":r)
                            (checkPathSeperator -> Just True) -> ("..":r)
                            _ -> rs
    go _ (checkPathSeperator -> Just True) = [[pathSeparator]]
    go rs x = x:rs
    isSingleton [] = Nothing
    isSingleton [x] = Just x
    isSingleton _ = Nothing
    checkPathSeperator = fmap isPathSeparator . isSingleton

--
-- Safe read
--

safeRead :: (MonadPlus m, Read a) => String -> m a
safeRead s = case reads s of
                  (d,x):_
                    | all isSpace x -> return d
                  _                 -> mzero

--
-- Temp directory
--

withTempDir :: String -> (FilePath -> IO a) -> IO a
withTempDir =
#ifdef _WINDOWS
  withTempDirectory "."
#else
  withSystemTempDirectory
#endif