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{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}
{-
Copyright (C) 2008-2018 John MacFarlane
              2012 Peter Wang

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
-}

{- |
   Module      : Text.Pandoc.Writers.Texinfo
   Copyright   : Copyright (C) 2008-2018 John MacFarlane
                               2012 Peter Wang
   License     : GNU GPL, version 2 or above

   Maintainer  : John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley.edu>
   Stability   : alpha
   Portability : portable

Conversion of 'Pandoc' format into Texinfo.
-}
module Text.Pandoc.Writers.Texinfo ( writeTexinfo ) where
import Control.Monad.Except (throwError)
import Control.Monad.State.Strict
import Data.Char (chr, ord)
import Data.List (maximumBy, transpose)
import Data.Ord (comparing)
import qualified Data.Set as Set
import Data.Text (Text)
import Network.URI (unEscapeString)
import System.FilePath
import Text.Pandoc.Class (PandocMonad, report)
import Text.Pandoc.Definition
import Text.Pandoc.Error
import Text.Pandoc.ImageSize
import Text.Pandoc.Logging
import Text.Pandoc.Options
import Text.Pandoc.Pretty
import Text.Pandoc.Shared
import Text.Pandoc.Templates (renderTemplate')
import Text.Pandoc.Writers.Shared
import Text.Printf (printf)

data WriterState =
  WriterState { stStrikeout   :: Bool  -- document contains strikeout
              , stSuperscript :: Bool -- document contains superscript
              , stSubscript   :: Bool -- document contains subscript
              , stEscapeComma :: Bool -- in a context where we need @comma
              , stIdentifiers :: Set.Set String -- header ids used already
              , stOptions     :: WriterOptions -- writer options
              }

{- TODO:
 - internal cross references a la HTML
 - generated .texi files don't work when run through texi2dvi
 -}

type TI m = StateT WriterState m

-- | Convert Pandoc to Texinfo.
writeTexinfo :: PandocMonad m => WriterOptions -> Pandoc -> m Text
writeTexinfo options document =
  evalStateT (pandocToTexinfo options $ wrapTop document)
  WriterState { stStrikeout = False, stSuperscript = False,
                stEscapeComma = False, stSubscript = False,
                stIdentifiers = Set.empty, stOptions = options}

-- | Add a "Top" node around the document, needed by Texinfo.
wrapTop :: Pandoc -> Pandoc
wrapTop (Pandoc meta blocks) =
  Pandoc meta (Header 0 nullAttr (docTitle meta) : blocks)

pandocToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m => WriterOptions -> Pandoc -> TI m Text
pandocToTexinfo options (Pandoc meta blocks) = do
  let titlePage = not $ all null
                      $ docTitle meta : docDate meta : docAuthors meta
  let colwidth = if writerWrapText options == WrapAuto
                    then Just $ writerColumns options
                    else Nothing
  let render' :: Doc -> Text
      render' = render colwidth
  metadata <- metaToJSON options
              (fmap render' . blockListToTexinfo)
              (fmap render' . inlineListToTexinfo)
              meta
  main <- blockListToTexinfo blocks
  st <- get
  let body = render colwidth main
  let context = defField "body" body
              $ defField "toc" (writerTableOfContents options)
              $ defField "titlepage" titlePage
              $ defField "subscript" (stSubscript st)
              $ defField "superscript" (stSuperscript st)
              $
        defField "strikeout" (stStrikeout st) metadata
  case writerTemplate options of
       Nothing  -> return body
       Just tpl -> renderTemplate' tpl context

-- | Escape things as needed for Texinfo.
stringToTexinfo :: String -> String
stringToTexinfo = escapeStringUsing texinfoEscapes
  where texinfoEscapes = [ ('{', "@{")
                         , ('}', "@}")
                         , ('@', "@@")
                         , ('\160', "@ ")
                         , ('\x2014', "---")
                         , ('\x2013', "--")
                         , ('\x2026', "@dots{}")
                         , ('\x2019', "'")
                         ]

escapeCommas :: PandocMonad m => TI m Doc -> TI m Doc
escapeCommas parser = do
  oldEscapeComma <- gets stEscapeComma
  modify $ \st -> st{ stEscapeComma = True }
  res <- parser
  modify $ \st -> st{ stEscapeComma = oldEscapeComma }
  return res

-- | Puts contents into Texinfo command.
inCmd :: String -> Doc -> Doc
inCmd cmd contents = char '@' <> text cmd <> braces contents

-- | Convert Pandoc block element to Texinfo.
blockToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
               => Block     -- ^ Block to convert
               -> TI m Doc

blockToTexinfo Null = return empty

blockToTexinfo (Div _ bs) = blockListToTexinfo bs

blockToTexinfo (Plain lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst

-- title beginning with fig: indicates that the image is a figure
blockToTexinfo (Para [Image attr txt (src,'f':'i':'g':':':tit)]) = do
  capt <- if null txt
             then return empty
             else (\c -> text "@caption" <> braces c) `fmap`
                    inlineListToTexinfo txt
  img  <- inlineToTexinfo (Image attr txt (src,tit))
  return $ text "@float" $$ img $$ capt $$ text "@end float"

blockToTexinfo (Para lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst    -- this is handled differently from Plain in blockListToTexinfo

blockToTexinfo (LineBlock lns) =
  blockToTexinfo $ linesToPara lns

blockToTexinfo (BlockQuote lst) = do
  contents <- blockListToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@quotation" $$
           contents $$
           text "@end quotation"

blockToTexinfo (CodeBlock _ str) =
  return $ blankline $$
         text "@verbatim" $$
         flush (text str) $$
         text "@end verbatim" <> blankline

blockToTexinfo b@(RawBlock f str)
  | f == "texinfo" = return $ text str
  | f == "latex" || f == "tex" =
                      return $ text "@tex" $$ text str $$ text "@end tex"
  | otherwise      = do
      report $ BlockNotRendered b
      return empty

blockToTexinfo (BulletList lst) = do
  items <- mapM listItemToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@itemize" $$
           vcat items $$
           text "@end itemize" <> blankline

blockToTexinfo (OrderedList (start, numstyle, _) lst) = do
  items <- mapM listItemToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@enumerate " <> exemplar $$
           vcat items $$
           text "@end enumerate" <> blankline
  where
    exemplar = case numstyle of
                DefaultStyle -> decimal
                Decimal      -> decimal
                Example      -> decimal
                UpperRoman   -> decimal   -- Roman numerals not supported
                LowerRoman   -> decimal
                UpperAlpha   -> upperAlpha
                LowerAlpha   -> lowerAlpha
    decimal = if start == 1
                 then empty
                 else text (show start)
    upperAlpha = text [chr $ ord 'A' + start - 1]
    lowerAlpha = text [chr $ ord 'a' + start - 1]

blockToTexinfo (DefinitionList lst) = do
  items <- mapM defListItemToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@table @asis" $$
           vcat items $$
           text "@end table" <> blankline

blockToTexinfo HorizontalRule =
    -- XXX can't get the equivalent from LaTeX.hs to work
    return $ text "@iftex" $$
             text "@bigskip@hrule@bigskip" $$
             text "@end iftex" $$
             text "@ifnottex" $$
             text (replicate 72 '-') $$
             text "@end ifnottex"

blockToTexinfo (Header 0 _ lst) = do
  txt <- if null lst
            then return $ text "Top"
            else inlineListToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@node Top" $$
           text "@top " <> txt <> blankline

blockToTexinfo (Header level _ lst)
  | level < 1 || level > 4 = blockToTexinfo (Para lst)
  | otherwise = do
    node <- inlineListForNode lst
    txt <- inlineListToTexinfo lst
    idsUsed <- gets stIdentifiers
    let id' = uniqueIdent lst idsUsed
    modify $ \st -> st{ stIdentifiers = Set.insert id' idsUsed }
    sec <- seccmd level
    return $ if (level > 0) && (level <= 4)
                then blankline <> text "@node " <> node $$
                     text sec <> txt $$
                     text "@anchor" <> braces (text $ '#':id')
                else txt
    where
      seccmd :: PandocMonad m => Int -> TI m String
      seccmd 1 = return "@chapter "
      seccmd 2 = return "@section "
      seccmd 3 = return "@subsection "
      seccmd 4 = return "@subsubsection "
      seccmd _ = throwError $ PandocSomeError "illegal seccmd level"

blockToTexinfo (Table caption aligns widths heads rows) = do
  headers <- if all null heads
                then return empty
                else tableHeadToTexinfo aligns heads
  captionText <- inlineListToTexinfo caption
  rowsText <- mapM (tableRowToTexinfo aligns) rows
  colDescriptors <-
    if all (== 0) widths
       then do -- use longest entry instead of column widths
            cols <- mapM (mapM (liftM (render Nothing . hcat) . mapM blockToTexinfo)) $
                        transpose $ heads : rows
            return $ concatMap ((\x -> "{"++x++"} ") .  maximumBy (comparing length)) cols
       else return $ "@columnfractions " ++ concatMap (printf "%.2f ") widths
  let tableBody = text ("@multitable " ++ colDescriptors) $$
                  headers $$
                  vcat rowsText $$
                  text "@end multitable"
  return $ if isEmpty captionText
              then tableBody <> blankline
              else text "@float" $$
                   tableBody $$
                   inCmd "caption" captionText $$
                   text "@end float"

tableHeadToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                   => [Alignment]
                   -> [[Block]]
                   -> TI m Doc
tableHeadToTexinfo = tableAnyRowToTexinfo "@headitem "

tableRowToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                  => [Alignment]
                  -> [[Block]]
                  -> TI m Doc
tableRowToTexinfo = tableAnyRowToTexinfo "@item "

tableAnyRowToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                     => String
                     -> [Alignment]
                     -> [[Block]]
                     -> TI m Doc
tableAnyRowToTexinfo itemtype aligns cols =
  zipWithM alignedBlock aligns cols >>=
  return . (text itemtype $$) . foldl (\row item -> row $$
  (if isEmpty row then empty else text " @tab ") <> item) empty

alignedBlock :: PandocMonad m
             => Alignment
             -> [Block]
             -> TI m Doc
-- XXX @flushleft and @flushright text won't get word wrapped.  Since word
-- wrapping is more important than alignment, we ignore the alignment.
alignedBlock _ = blockListToTexinfo
{-
alignedBlock AlignLeft col = do
  b <- blockListToTexinfo col
  return $ text "@flushleft" $$ b $$ text "@end flushleft"
alignedBlock AlignRight col = do
  b <- blockListToTexinfo col
  return $ text "@flushright" $$ b $$ text "@end flushright"
alignedBlock _ col = blockListToTexinfo col
-}

-- | Convert Pandoc block elements to Texinfo.
blockListToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                   => [Block]
                   -> TI m Doc
blockListToTexinfo [] = return empty
blockListToTexinfo (x:xs) = do
  x' <- blockToTexinfo x
  case x of
    Header level _ _ -> do
      -- We need need to insert a menu for this node.
      let (before, after) = break isHeaderBlock xs
      before' <- blockListToTexinfo before
      let menu = if level < 4
                    then collectNodes (level + 1) after
                    else []
      lines' <- mapM makeMenuLine menu
      let menu' = if null lines'
                    then empty
                    else text "@menu" $$
                         vcat lines' $$
                         text "@end menu"
      after' <- blockListToTexinfo after
      return $ x' $$ before' $$ menu' $$ after'
    Para _ -> do
      xs' <- blockListToTexinfo xs
      case xs of
           (CodeBlock _ _:_) -> return $ x' $$ xs'
           _                 -> return $ x' $+$ xs'
    _ -> do
      xs' <- blockListToTexinfo xs
      return $ x' $$ xs'

collectNodes :: Int -> [Block] -> [Block]
collectNodes _ [] = []
collectNodes level (x:xs) =
  case x of
    (Header hl _ _) ->
      if hl < level
         then []
         else if hl == level
                 then x : collectNodes level xs
                 else collectNodes level xs
    _ ->
      collectNodes level xs

makeMenuLine :: PandocMonad m
             => Block
             -> TI m Doc
makeMenuLine (Header _ _ lst) = do
  txt <- inlineListForNode lst
  return $ text "* " <> txt <> text "::"
makeMenuLine _ = throwError $ PandocSomeError "makeMenuLine called with non-Header block"

listItemToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                  => [Block]
                  -> TI m Doc
listItemToTexinfo lst = do
  contents <- blockListToTexinfo lst
  let spacer = case reverse lst of
                    (Para{}:_) -> blankline
                    _          -> empty
  return $ text "@item" $$ contents <> spacer

defListItemToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                     => ([Inline], [[Block]])
                     -> TI m Doc
defListItemToTexinfo (term, defs) = do
    term' <- inlineListToTexinfo term
    let defToTexinfo bs = do d <- blockListToTexinfo bs
                             case reverse bs of
                                  (Para{}:_) -> return $ d <> blankline
                                  _          -> return d
    defs' <- mapM defToTexinfo defs
    return $ text "@item " <> term' $+$ vcat defs'

-- | Convert list of inline elements to Texinfo.
inlineListToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                    => [Inline]  -- ^ Inlines to convert
                    -> TI m Doc
inlineListToTexinfo lst = mapM inlineToTexinfo lst >>= return . hcat

-- | Convert list of inline elements to Texinfo acceptable for a node name.
inlineListForNode :: PandocMonad m
                  => [Inline]  -- ^ Inlines to convert
                  -> TI m Doc
inlineListForNode = return . text . stringToTexinfo .
                    filter (not . disallowedInNode) . stringify

-- periods, commas, colons, and parentheses are disallowed in node names
disallowedInNode :: Char -> Bool
disallowedInNode c = c `elem` (".,:()" :: String)

-- | Convert inline element to Texinfo
inlineToTexinfo :: PandocMonad m
                => Inline    -- ^ Inline to convert
                -> TI m Doc

inlineToTexinfo (Span _ lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst

inlineToTexinfo (Emph lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst >>= return . inCmd "emph"

inlineToTexinfo (Strong lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst >>= return . inCmd "strong"

inlineToTexinfo (Strikeout lst) = do
  modify $ \st -> st{ stStrikeout = True }
  contents <- inlineListToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@textstrikeout{" <> contents <> text "}"

inlineToTexinfo (Superscript lst) = do
  modify $ \st -> st{ stSuperscript = True }
  contents <- inlineListToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@textsuperscript{" <> contents <> char '}'

inlineToTexinfo (Subscript lst) = do
  modify $ \st -> st{ stSubscript = True }
  contents <- inlineListToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "@textsubscript{" <> contents <> char '}'

inlineToTexinfo (SmallCaps lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst >>= return . inCmd "sc"

inlineToTexinfo (Code _ str) =
  return $ text $ "@code{" ++ stringToTexinfo str ++ "}"

inlineToTexinfo (Quoted SingleQuote lst) = do
  contents <- inlineListToTexinfo lst
  return $ char '`' <> contents <> char '\''

inlineToTexinfo (Quoted DoubleQuote lst) = do
  contents <- inlineListToTexinfo lst
  return $ text "``" <> contents <> text "''"

inlineToTexinfo (Cite _ lst) =
  inlineListToTexinfo lst
inlineToTexinfo (Str str) = return $ text (stringToTexinfo str)
inlineToTexinfo (Math _ str) = return $ inCmd "math" $ text str
inlineToTexinfo il@(RawInline f str)
  | f == "latex" || f == "tex" =
                      return $ text "@tex" $$ text str $$ text "@end tex"
  | f == "texinfo" =  return $ text str
  | otherwise      =  do
      report $ InlineNotRendered il
      return empty
inlineToTexinfo LineBreak = return $ text "@*" <> cr
inlineToTexinfo SoftBreak = do
  wrapText <- gets (writerWrapText . stOptions)
  case wrapText of
      WrapAuto     -> return space
      WrapNone     -> return space
      WrapPreserve -> return cr
inlineToTexinfo Space = return space

inlineToTexinfo (Link _ txt (src@('#':_), _)) = do
  contents <- escapeCommas $ inlineListToTexinfo txt
  return $ text "@ref" <>
           braces (text (stringToTexinfo src) <> text "," <> contents)
inlineToTexinfo (Link _ txt (src, _)) =
  case txt of
        [Str x] | escapeURI x == src ->  -- autolink
             do return $ text $ "@url{" ++ x ++ "}"
        _ -> do contents <- escapeCommas $ inlineListToTexinfo txt
                let src1 = stringToTexinfo src
                return $ text ("@uref{" ++ src1 ++ ",") <> contents <>
                         char '}'

inlineToTexinfo (Image attr alternate (source, _)) = do
  content <- escapeCommas $ inlineListToTexinfo alternate
  opts <- gets stOptions
  let showDim dim = case dimension dim attr of
                      (Just (Pixel a))   -> showInInch opts (Pixel a) ++ "in"
                      (Just (Percent _)) -> ""
                      (Just d)           -> show d
                      Nothing            -> ""
  return $ text ("@image{" ++ base ++ ',':(showDim Width) ++ ',':(showDim Height) ++ ",")
           <> content <> text "," <> text (ext ++ "}")
  where
    ext     = drop 1 $ takeExtension source'
    base    = dropExtension source'
    source' = if isURI source
                 then source
                 else unEscapeString source

inlineToTexinfo (Note contents) = do
  contents' <- blockListToTexinfo contents
  return $ text "@footnote" <> braces contents'