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path: root/src/pandoc.hs
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{-# LANGUAGE CPP #-}
{-
Copyright (C) 2006-2012 John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley.edu>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
-}

{- |
   Module      : Main
   Copyright   : Copyright (C) 2006-2012 John MacFarlane
   License     : GNU GPL, version 2 or above

   Maintainer  : John MacFarlane <jgm@berkeley@edu>
   Stability   : alpha
   Portability : portable

Parses command-line options and calls the appropriate readers and
writers.
-}
module Main where
import Text.Pandoc
import Text.Pandoc.PDF (tex2pdf)
import Text.Pandoc.Readers.LaTeX (handleIncludes)
import Text.Pandoc.Shared ( tabFilter, ObfuscationMethod (..), readDataFile,
                            headerShift, findDataFile, normalize, err, warn )
import Text.Pandoc.XML ( toEntities, fromEntities )
import Text.Pandoc.SelfContained ( makeSelfContained )
import Text.Pandoc.Highlighting ( languages, Style, tango, pygments,
         espresso, zenburn, kate, haddock, monochrome )
import System.Environment ( getArgs, getProgName )
import System.Exit ( exitWith, ExitCode (..) )
import System.FilePath
import System.Console.GetOpt
import Data.Char ( toLower )
import Data.List ( intercalate, isSuffixOf, isPrefixOf )
import System.Directory ( getAppUserDataDirectory, doesFileExist, findExecutable )
import System.IO ( stdout )
import System.IO.Error ( isDoesNotExistError )
import Control.Exception.Extensible ( throwIO )
import qualified Text.Pandoc.UTF8 as UTF8
import qualified Text.CSL as CSL
import Text.Pandoc.Biblio
import Control.Monad (when, unless, liftM)
import Network.HTTP (simpleHTTP, mkRequest, getResponseBody, RequestMethod(..))
import Network.URI (parseURI, isURI, URI(..))
import qualified Data.ByteString.Lazy as B
import Data.ByteString.Lazy.UTF8 (toString)
import Codec.Binary.UTF8.String (decodeString, encodeString)
import Text.CSL.Reference (Reference(..))
#if MIN_VERSION_base(4,4,0)
#else
import Codec.Binary.UTF8.String (decodeString, encodeString)
#endif

encodePath, decodeArg :: FilePath -> FilePath
#if MIN_VERSION_base(4,4,0)
encodePath = id
decodeArg  = id
#else
encodePath = encodeString
decodeArg  = decodeString
#endif


copyrightMessage :: String
copyrightMessage = "\nCopyright (C) 2006-2012 John MacFarlane\n" ++
                    "Web:  http://johnmacfarlane.net/pandoc\n" ++
                    "This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is no\n" ++
                    "warranty, not even for merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose."

compileInfo :: String
compileInfo =
  "\nCompiled with citeproc-hs " ++ VERSION_citeproc_hs ++ ", texmath " ++
  VERSION_texmath ++ ", highlighting-kate " ++ VERSION_highlighting_kate ++
   ".\nSyntax highlighting is supported for the following languages:\n    " ++
       wrapWords 4 78 languages

-- | Converts a list of strings into a single string with the items printed as
-- comma separated words in lines with a maximum line length.
wrapWords :: Int -> Int -> [String] -> String
wrapWords indent c = wrap' (c - indent) (c - indent)
        where wrap' _    _         []     = ""
              wrap' cols remaining (x:xs) = if remaining == cols
                                               then x ++ wrap' cols (remaining - length x) xs
                                               else if (length x + 1) > remaining
                                                       then ",\n" ++ replicate indent ' ' ++ x ++ wrap' cols (cols - length x) xs
                                                       else ", "  ++ x ++ wrap' cols (remaining - (length x + 2)) xs

nonTextFormats :: [String]
nonTextFormats = ["odt","docx","epub"]

-- | Data structure for command line options.
data Opt = Opt
    { optTabStop           :: Int     -- ^ Number of spaces per tab
    , optPreserveTabs      :: Bool    -- ^ Preserve tabs instead of converting to spaces
    , optStandalone        :: Bool    -- ^ Include header, footer
    , optReader            :: String  -- ^ Reader format
    , optWriter            :: String  -- ^ Writer format
    , optParseRaw          :: Bool    -- ^ Parse unconvertable HTML and TeX
    , optTableOfContents   :: Bool    -- ^ Include table of contents
    , optTransforms        :: [Pandoc -> Pandoc]  -- ^ Doc transforms to apply
    , optTemplate          :: Maybe FilePath  -- ^ Custom template
    , optVariables         :: [(String,String)] -- ^ Template variables to set
    , optOutputFile        :: String  -- ^ Name of output file
    , optNumberSections    :: Bool    -- ^ Number sections in LaTeX
    , optSectionDivs       :: Bool    -- ^ Put sections in div tags in HTML
    , optIncremental       :: Bool    -- ^ Use incremental lists in Slidy/Slideous/S5
    , optSelfContained     :: Bool    -- ^ Make HTML accessible offline
    , optSmart             :: Bool    -- ^ Use smart typography
    , optOldDashes         :: Bool    -- ^ Parse dashes like pandoc <=1.8.2.1
    , optHtml5             :: Bool    -- ^ Produce HTML5 in HTML
    , optHighlight         :: Bool    -- ^ Highlight source code
    , optHighlightStyle    :: Style   -- ^ Style to use for highlighted code
    , optChapters          :: Bool    -- ^ Use chapter for top-level sects
    , optHTMLMathMethod    :: HTMLMathMethod -- ^ Method to print HTML math
    , optReferenceODT      :: Maybe FilePath -- ^ Path of reference.odt
    , optReferenceDocx     :: Maybe FilePath -- ^ Path of reference.docx
    , optEPUBStylesheet    :: Maybe String   -- ^ EPUB stylesheet
    , optEPUBMetadata      :: String  -- ^ EPUB metadata
    , optEPUBFonts         :: [FilePath] -- ^ EPUB fonts to embed
    , optDumpArgs          :: Bool    -- ^ Output command-line arguments
    , optIgnoreArgs        :: Bool    -- ^ Ignore command-line arguments
    , optStrict            :: Bool    -- ^ Use strict markdown syntax
    , optReferenceLinks    :: Bool    -- ^ Use reference links in writing markdown, rst
    , optWrapText          :: Bool    -- ^ Wrap text
    , optColumns           :: Int     -- ^ Line length in characters
    , optPlugins           :: [Pandoc -> IO Pandoc] -- ^ Plugins to apply
    , optEmailObfuscation  :: ObfuscationMethod
    , optIdentifierPrefix  :: String
    , optIndentedCodeClasses :: [String] -- ^ Default classes for indented code blocks
    , optDataDir           :: Maybe FilePath
    , optCiteMethod        :: CiteMethod -- ^ Method to output cites
    , optBibliography      :: [String]
    , optCslFile           :: FilePath
    , optAbbrevsFile       :: Maybe FilePath
    , optListings          :: Bool       -- ^ Use listings package for code blocks
    , optLaTeXEngine       :: String     -- ^ Program to use for latex -> pdf
    , optSlideLevel        :: Maybe Int  -- ^ Header level that creates slides
    , optSetextHeaders     :: Bool       -- ^ Use atx headers for markdown level 1-2
    , optAscii             :: Bool       -- ^ Use ascii characters only in html
    , optTeXLigatures      :: Bool       -- ^ Use TeX ligatures for quotes/dashes
    }

-- | Defaults for command-line options.
defaultOpts :: Opt
defaultOpts = Opt
    { optTabStop           = 4
    , optPreserveTabs      = False
    , optStandalone        = False
    , optReader            = ""    -- null for default reader
    , optWriter            = ""    -- null for default writer
    , optParseRaw          = False
    , optTableOfContents   = False
    , optTransforms        = []
    , optTemplate          = Nothing
    , optVariables         = []
    , optOutputFile        = "-"    -- "-" means stdout
    , optNumberSections    = False
    , optSectionDivs       = False
    , optIncremental       = False
    , optSelfContained     = False
    , optSmart             = False
    , optOldDashes         = False
    , optHtml5             = False
    , optHighlight         = True
    , optHighlightStyle    = pygments
    , optChapters          = False
    , optHTMLMathMethod    = PlainMath
    , optReferenceODT      = Nothing
    , optReferenceDocx     = Nothing
    , optEPUBStylesheet    = Nothing
    , optEPUBMetadata      = ""
    , optEPUBFonts         = []
    , optDumpArgs          = False
    , optIgnoreArgs        = False
    , optStrict            = False
    , optReferenceLinks    = False
    , optWrapText          = True
    , optColumns           = 72
    , optPlugins           = []
    , optEmailObfuscation  = JavascriptObfuscation
    , optIdentifierPrefix  = ""
    , optIndentedCodeClasses = []
    , optDataDir           = Nothing
    , optCiteMethod        = Citeproc
    , optBibliography      = []
    , optCslFile           = ""
    , optAbbrevsFile       = Nothing
    , optListings          = False
    , optLaTeXEngine       = "pdflatex"
    , optSlideLevel        = Nothing
    , optSetextHeaders     = True
    , optAscii             = False
    , optTeXLigatures      = True
    }

-- | A list of functions, each transforming the options data structure
--   in response to a command-line option.
options :: [OptDescr (Opt -> IO Opt)]
options =
    [ Option "fr" ["from","read"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optReader = map toLower arg })
                  "FORMAT")
                 ""

    , Option "tw" ["to","write"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optWriter = map toLower arg })
                  "FORMAT")
                 ""

    , Option "o" ["output"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optOutputFile = arg })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Name of output file"

    , Option "" ["data-dir"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optDataDir = Just arg })
                 "DIRECTORY") -- "Directory containing pandoc data files."
                ""

    , Option "" ["strict"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optStrict = True } ))
                 "" -- "Disable markdown syntax extensions"

    , Option "R" ["parse-raw"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optParseRaw = True }))
                 "" -- "Parse untranslatable HTML codes and LaTeX environments as raw"

    , Option "S" ["smart"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optSmart = True }))
                 "" -- "Use smart quotes, dashes, and ellipses"

    , Option "" ["old-dashes"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optSmart = True
                                      , optOldDashes = True }))
                 "" -- "Use smart quotes, dashes, and ellipses"

    , Option "" ["base-header-level"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt ->
                      case reads arg of
                           [(t,"")] | t > 0 -> do
                               let oldTransforms = optTransforms opt
                               let shift = t - 1
                               return opt{ optTransforms =
                                           headerShift shift : oldTransforms }
                           _          -> err 19
                                       "base-header-level must be a number > 0")
                  "NUMBER")
                 "" -- "Headers base level"

     , Option "" ["indented-code-classes"]
                  (ReqArg
                   (\arg opt -> return opt { optIndentedCodeClasses = words $
                                             map (\c -> if c == ',' then ' ' else c) arg })
                   "STRING")
                  "" -- "Classes (whitespace- or comma-separated) to use for indented code-blocks"

    , Option "" ["normalize"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optTransforms =
                                   normalize : optTransforms opt } ))
                 "" -- "Normalize the Pandoc AST"

    , Option "p" ["preserve-tabs"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optPreserveTabs = True }))
                 "" -- "Preserve tabs instead of converting to spaces"

    , Option "" ["tab-stop"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt ->
                      case reads arg of
                           [(t,"")] | t > 0 -> return opt { optTabStop = t }
                           _                -> err 31
                                          "tab-stop must be a number greater than 0")
                  "NUMBER")
                 "" -- "Tab stop (default 4)"

    , Option "s" ["standalone"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optStandalone = True }))
                 "" -- "Include needed header and footer on output"

    , Option "" ["template"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     return opt{ optTemplate = Just arg,
                                 optStandalone = True })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Use custom template"

    , Option "V" ["variable"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     let (key,val) = case break (`elem` ":=") arg of
                                       (k,_:v) -> (k,v)
                                       (k,_)   -> (k,"true")
                     return opt{ optVariables = (key,val) : optVariables opt })
                  "KEY[:VALUE]")
                 "" -- "Use custom template"

    , Option "D" ["print-default-template"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg _ -> do
                     templ <- getDefaultTemplate Nothing arg
                     case templ of
                          Right t -> UTF8.hPutStr stdout t
                          Left e  -> error $ show e
                     exitWith ExitSuccess)
                  "FORMAT")
                 "" -- "Print default template for FORMAT"

    , Option "" ["no-wrap"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optWrapText = False }))
                 "" -- "Do not wrap text in output"

    , Option "" ["columns"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt ->
                      case reads arg of
                           [(t,"")] | t > 0 -> return opt { optColumns = t }
                           _          -> err 33 $
                                   "columns must be a number greater than 0")
                 "NUMBER")
                 "" -- "Length of line in characters"

    , Option "" ["toc", "table-of-contents"]
                (NoArg
                 (\opt -> return opt { optTableOfContents = True }))
               "" -- "Include table of contents"

    , Option "" ["no-highlight"]
                (NoArg
                 (\opt -> return opt { optHighlight = False }))
                 "" -- "Don't highlight source code"

    , Option "" ["highlight-style"]
                (ReqArg
                 (\arg opt -> do
                   newStyle <- case map toLower arg of
                                     "pygments"   -> return pygments
                                     "tango"      -> return tango
                                     "espresso"   -> return espresso
                                     "zenburn"    -> return zenburn
                                     "kate"       -> return kate
                                     "monochrome" -> return monochrome
                                     "haddock"    -> return haddock
                                     _            -> err 39 $
                                         "Unknown style :" ++ arg
                   return opt{ optHighlightStyle = newStyle })
                 "STYLE")
                 "" -- "Style for highlighted code"

    , Option "H" ["include-in-header"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     text <- UTF8.readFile arg
                     -- add new ones to end, so they're included in order specified
                     let newvars = optVariables opt ++ [("header-includes",text)]
                     return opt { optVariables = newvars,
                                  optStandalone = True })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "File to include at end of header (implies -s)"

    , Option "B" ["include-before-body"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     text <- UTF8.readFile arg
                     -- add new ones to end, so they're included in order specified
                     let newvars = optVariables opt ++ [("include-before",text)]
                     return opt { optVariables = newvars,
                                  optStandalone = True })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "File to include before document body"

    , Option "A" ["include-after-body"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     text <- UTF8.readFile arg
                     -- add new ones to end, so they're included in order specified
                     let newvars = optVariables opt ++ [("include-after",text)]
                     return opt { optVariables = newvars,
                                  optStandalone = True })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "File to include after document body"

    , Option "" ["self-contained"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optSelfContained = True,
                                        optVariables = ("slidy-url","slidy") :
                                                       optVariables opt,
                                        optStandalone = True }))
                 "" -- "Make slide shows include all the needed js and css"

    , Option "" ["offline"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> do warn $ "--offline is deprecated. Use --self-contained instead."
                              return opt { optSelfContained = True,
                                           optStandalone = True }))
                 "" -- "Make slide shows include all the needed js and css"
                 -- deprecated synonym for --self-contained

    , Option "5" ["html5"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> do
                     warn $ "--html5 is deprecated. "
                       ++ "Use the html5 output format instead."
                     return opt { optHtml5 = True }))
                 "" -- "Produce HTML5 in HTML output"

    , Option "" ["ascii"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optAscii = True }))
                 ""  -- "Use ascii characters only in HTML output"

    , Option "" ["reference-links"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optReferenceLinks = True } ))
                 "" -- "Use reference links in parsing HTML"

    , Option "" ["atx-headers"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optSetextHeaders = False } ))
                 "" -- "Use atx-style headers for markdown"

    , Option "" ["chapters"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optChapters = True }))
                 "" -- "Use chapter for top-level sections in LaTeX, DocBook"

    , Option "N" ["number-sections"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optNumberSections = True }))
                 "" -- "Number sections in LaTeX"

    , Option "" ["no-tex-ligatures"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optTeXLigatures = False }))
                 "" -- "Don't use tex ligatures for quotes, dashes"

    , Option "" ["listings"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optListings = True }))
                 "" -- "Use listings package for LaTeX code blocks"

    , Option "i" ["incremental"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optIncremental = True }))
                 "" -- "Make list items display incrementally in Slidy/Slideous/S5"

    , Option "" ["slide-level"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                      case reads arg of
                           [(t,"")] | t >= 1 && t <= 6 ->
                                    return opt { optSlideLevel = Just t }
                           _          -> err 39 $
                                    "slide level must be a number between 1 and 6")
                 "NUMBER")
                 "" -- "Force header level for slides"

    , Option "" ["section-divs"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optSectionDivs = True }))
                 "" -- "Put sections in div tags in HTML"

    , Option "" ["email-obfuscation"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     method <- case arg of
                            "references" -> return ReferenceObfuscation
                            "javascript" -> return JavascriptObfuscation
                            "none"       -> return NoObfuscation
                            _            -> err 6
                               ("Unknown obfuscation method: " ++ arg)
                     return opt { optEmailObfuscation = method })
                  "none|javascript|references")
                 "" -- "Method for obfuscating email in HTML"

     , Option "" ["id-prefix"]
                  (ReqArg
                   (\arg opt -> return opt { optIdentifierPrefix = arg })
                   "STRING")
                  "" -- "Prefix to add to automatically generated HTML identifiers"

    , Option "T" ["title-prefix"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                    let newvars = ("title-prefix", arg) : optVariables opt
                    return opt { optVariables = newvars,
                                 optStandalone = True })
                  "STRING")
                 "" -- "String to prefix to HTML window title"

    , Option "c" ["css"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     -- add new link to end, so it is included in proper order
                     let newvars = optVariables opt ++ [("css",arg)]
                     return opt { optVariables = newvars,
                                  optStandalone = True })
                  "URL")
                 "" -- "Link to CSS style sheet"

    , Option "" ["reference-odt"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                    return opt { optReferenceODT = Just arg })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Path of custom reference.odt"

    , Option "" ["reference-docx"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                    return opt { optReferenceDocx = Just arg })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Path of custom reference.docx"

    , Option "" ["epub-stylesheet"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     text <- UTF8.readFile arg
                     return opt { optEPUBStylesheet = Just text })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Path of epub.css"

    , Option "" ["epub-cover-image"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt ->
                     return opt { optVariables =
                                 ("epub-cover-image", arg) : optVariables opt })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Path of epub cover image"

    , Option "" ["epub-metadata"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     text <- UTF8.readFile arg
                     return opt { optEPUBMetadata = text })
                  "FILENAME")
                 "" -- "Path of epub metadata file"

    , Option "" ["epub-embed-font"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     return opt{ optEPUBFonts = arg : optEPUBFonts opt })
                  "FILE")
                 "" -- "Directory of fonts to embed"

    , Option "" ["latex-engine"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                     let b = takeBaseName arg
                     if (b == "pdflatex" || b == "lualatex" || b == "xelatex")
                        then return opt { optLaTeXEngine = arg }
                        else err 45 "latex-engine must be pdflatex, lualatex, or xelatex.")
                  "PROGRAM")
                 "" -- "Name of latex program to use in generating PDF"

    , Option "" ["bibliography"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optBibliography = (optBibliography opt) ++ [arg] })
                  "FILENAME")
                 ""

    , Option "" ["csl"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optCslFile = arg })
                  "FILENAME")
                 ""

    , Option "" ["citation-abbreviations"]
                 (ReqArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optAbbrevsFile = Just arg })
                  "FILENAME")
                 ""

    , Option "" ["natbib"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optCiteMethod = Natbib }))
                 "" -- "Use natbib cite commands in LaTeX output"

    , Option "" ["biblatex"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optCiteMethod = Biblatex }))
                 "" -- "Use biblatex cite commands in LaTeX output"

    , Option "m" ["latexmathml", "asciimathml"]
                 (OptArg
                  (\arg opt ->
                      return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = LaTeXMathML arg })
                  "URL")
                 "" -- "Use LaTeXMathML script in html output"

    , Option "" ["mathml"]
                 (OptArg
                  (\arg opt ->
                      return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = MathML arg })
                   "URL")
                 "" -- "Use mathml for HTML math"

    , Option "" ["mimetex"]
                 (OptArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                      let url' = case arg of
                                      Just u   -> u ++ "?"
                                      Nothing  -> "/cgi-bin/mimetex.cgi?"
                      return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = WebTeX url' })
                  "URL")
                 "" -- "Use mimetex for HTML math"

    , Option "" ["webtex"]
                 (OptArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                      let url' = case arg of
                                      Just u   -> u
                                      Nothing  -> "http://chart.apis.google.com/chart?cht=tx&chl="
                      return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = WebTeX url' })
                  "URL")
                 "" -- "Use web service for HTML math"

    , Option "" ["jsmath"]
                 (OptArg
                  (\arg opt -> return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = JsMath arg})
                  "URL")
                 "" -- "Use jsMath for HTML math"

    , Option "" ["mathjax"]
                 (OptArg
                  (\arg opt -> do
                      let url' = case arg of
                                      Just u   -> u
                                      Nothing  -> "https://d3eoax9i5htok0.cloudfront.net/mathjax/latest/MathJax.js?config=TeX-AMS-MML_HTMLorMML"
                      return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = MathJax url'})
                  "URL")
                 "" -- "Use MathJax for HTML math"

    , Option "" ["gladtex"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optHTMLMathMethod = GladTeX }))
                 "" -- "Use gladtex for HTML math"

    , Option "" ["dump-args"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optDumpArgs = True }))
                 "" -- "Print output filename and arguments to stdout."

    , Option "" ["ignore-args"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\opt -> return opt { optIgnoreArgs = True }))
                 "" -- "Ignore command-line arguments."

    , Option "v" ["version"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\_ -> do
                     prg <- getProgName
                     UTF8.hPutStrLn stdout (prg ++ " " ++ pandocVersion ++ compileInfo ++
                                       copyrightMessage)
                     exitWith ExitSuccess ))
                 "" -- "Print version"

    , Option "h" ["help"]
                 (NoArg
                  (\_ -> do
                     prg <- getProgName
                     UTF8.hPutStr stdout (usageMessage prg options)
                     exitWith ExitSuccess ))
                 "" -- "Show help"

    ]

-- Returns usage message
usageMessage :: String -> [OptDescr (Opt -> IO Opt)] -> String
usageMessage programName = usageInfo
  (programName ++ " [OPTIONS] [FILES]" ++ "\nInput formats:  " ++
  (wrapWords 16 78 $ readers'names) ++ "\nOutput formats: " ++
  (wrapWords 16 78 $ writers'names ++ nonTextFormats) ++ "\nOptions:")
  where
    writers'names = map fst writers ++ map fst iowriters
    readers'names = map fst readers

-- Determine default reader based on source file extensions
defaultReaderName :: String -> [FilePath] -> String
defaultReaderName fallback [] = fallback
defaultReaderName fallback (x:xs) =
  case takeExtension (map toLower x) of
    ".xhtml"    -> "html"
    ".html"     -> "html"
    ".htm"      -> "html"
    ".tex"      -> "latex"
    ".latex"    -> "latex"
    ".ltx"      -> "latex"
    ".rst"      -> "rst"
    ".lhs"      -> "markdown+lhs"
    ".db"       -> "docbook"
    ".textile"  -> "textile"
    ".native"   -> "native"
    ".json"     -> "json"
    _           -> defaultReaderName fallback xs

-- Returns True if extension of first source is .lhs
lhsExtension :: [FilePath] -> Bool
lhsExtension (x:_) = takeExtension x == ".lhs"
lhsExtension _ = False

-- Determine default writer based on output file extension
defaultWriterName :: FilePath -> String
defaultWriterName "-" = "html" -- no output file
defaultWriterName x =
  case takeExtension (map toLower x) of
    ""          -> "markdown" -- empty extension
    ".tex"      -> "latex"
    ".latex"    -> "latex"
    ".ltx"      -> "latex"
    ".context"  -> "context"
    ".ctx"      -> "context"
    ".rtf"      -> "rtf"
    ".rst"      -> "rst"
    ".s5"       -> "s5"
    ".native"   -> "native"
    ".json"     -> "json"
    ".txt"      -> "markdown"
    ".text"     -> "markdown"
    ".md"       -> "markdown"
    ".markdown" -> "markdown"
    ".textile"  -> "textile"
    ".lhs"      -> "markdown+lhs"
    ".texi"     -> "texinfo"
    ".texinfo"  -> "texinfo"
    ".db"       -> "docbook"
    ".odt"      -> "odt"
    ".docx"     -> "docx"
    ".epub"     -> "epub"
    ".org"      -> "org"
    ".asciidoc" -> "asciidoc"
    ".pdf"      -> "latex"
    ".fb2"      -> "fb2"
    ['.',y] | y `elem` ['1'..'9'] -> "man"
    _          -> "html"

main :: IO ()
main = do

  rawArgs <- liftM (map decodeArg) getArgs
  prg <- getProgName
  let compatMode = (prg == "hsmarkdown")

  let (actions, args, errors) = if compatMode
                                  then ([], rawArgs, [])
                                  else getOpt Permute options rawArgs

  unless (null errors) $
     err 2 $ concat $ errors ++
        ["Try " ++ prg ++ " --help for more information."]

  let defaultOpts' = if compatMode
                       then defaultOpts { optReader = "markdown"
                                        , optWriter = "html"
                                        , optStrict = True }
                       else defaultOpts

  -- thread option data structure through all supplied option actions
  opts <- foldl (>>=) (return defaultOpts') actions

  let Opt    {  optTabStop           = tabStop
              , optPreserveTabs      = preserveTabs
              , optStandalone        = standalone
              , optReader            = readerName
              , optWriter            = writerName
              , optParseRaw          = parseRaw
              , optVariables         = variables
              , optTableOfContents   = toc
              , optTransforms        = transforms
              , optTemplate          = templatePath
              , optOutputFile        = outputFile
              , optNumberSections    = numberSections
              , optSectionDivs       = sectionDivs
              , optIncremental       = incremental
              , optSelfContained     = selfContained
              , optSmart             = smart
              , optOldDashes         = oldDashes
              , optHtml5             = html5
              , optHighlight         = highlight
              , optHighlightStyle    = highlightStyle
              , optChapters          = chapters
              , optHTMLMathMethod    = mathMethod
              , optReferenceODT      = referenceODT
              , optReferenceDocx     = referenceDocx
              , optEPUBStylesheet    = epubStylesheet
              , optEPUBMetadata      = epubMetadata
              , optEPUBFonts         = epubFonts
              , optDumpArgs          = dumpArgs
              , optIgnoreArgs        = ignoreArgs
              , optStrict            = strict
              , optReferenceLinks    = referenceLinks
              , optWrapText          = wrap
              , optColumns           = columns
              , optEmailObfuscation  = obfuscationMethod
              , optIdentifierPrefix  = idPrefix
              , optIndentedCodeClasses = codeBlockClasses
              , optDataDir           = mbDataDir
              , optBibliography      = reffiles
              , optCslFile           = cslfile
              , optAbbrevsFile       = cslabbrevs
              , optCiteMethod        = citeMethod
              , optListings          = listings
              , optLaTeXEngine       = latexEngine
              , optSlideLevel        = slideLevel
              , optSetextHeaders     = setextHeaders
              , optAscii             = ascii
              , optTeXLigatures      = texLigatures
             } = opts

  when dumpArgs $
    do UTF8.hPutStrLn stdout outputFile
       mapM_ (\arg -> UTF8.hPutStrLn stdout arg) args
       exitWith ExitSuccess

  let sources = if ignoreArgs then [] else args

  datadir <- case mbDataDir of
                  Nothing   -> catch
                                 (liftM Just $ getAppUserDataDirectory "pandoc")
                                 (const $ return Nothing)
                  Just _    -> return mbDataDir

  -- assign reader and writer based on options and filenames
  let readerName' = if null readerName
                      then let fallback = if any isURI sources
                                             then "html"
                                             else "markdown"
                           in  defaultReaderName fallback sources
                      else readerName

  let writerName' = if null writerName
                      then defaultWriterName outputFile
                      else writerName

  let pdfOutput = map toLower (takeExtension outputFile) == ".pdf"

  let laTeXOutput = writerName' == "latex" || writerName' == "beamer" ||
         writerName' == "latex+lhs" || writerName' == "beamer+lhs"

  when pdfOutput $ do
    -- make sure writer is latex or beamer
    unless laTeXOutput $
      err 47 $ "cannot produce pdf output with " ++ writerName' ++ " writer"
    -- check for latex program
    mbLatex <- findExecutable latexEngine
    case mbLatex of
         Nothing  -> err 41 $
           latexEngine ++ " not found. " ++
           latexEngine ++ " is needed for pdf output."
         Just _   -> return ()

  reader <- case (lookup readerName' readers) of
     Just r  -> return r
     Nothing -> err 7 ("Unknown reader: " ++ readerName')

  let standalone' = standalone || writerName' `elem` nonTextFormats || pdfOutput

  templ <- case templatePath of
                _ | not standalone' -> return ""
                Nothing -> do
                           deftemp <- getDefaultTemplate datadir writerName'
                           case deftemp of
                                 Left e   -> throwIO e
                                 Right t  -> return t
                Just tp -> do
                           -- strip off "+lhs" if present
                           let format = takeWhile (/='+') writerName'
                           let tp' = case takeExtension tp of
                                          ""   -> tp <.> format
                                          _    -> tp
                           catch (UTF8.readFile tp')
                             (\e -> if isDoesNotExistError e
                                       then catch
                                             (readDataFile datadir $
                                               "templates" </> tp')
                                             (\_ -> throwIO e)
                                       else throwIO e)

  variables' <- case mathMethod of
                      LaTeXMathML Nothing -> do
                         s <- readDataFile datadir $ "data" </> "LaTeXMathML.js"
                         return $ ("mathml-script", s) : variables
                      MathML Nothing -> do
                         s <- readDataFile datadir $ "data"</>"MathMLinHTML.js"
                         return $ ("mathml-script", s) : variables
                      _ -> return variables

  variables'' <- case writerName' of
                      "dzslides" -> do
                        dztempl <- readDataFile datadir $ "dzslides" </> "template.html"
                        let dzcore = unlines $ dropWhile (not . isPrefixOf "<!-- {{{{ dzslides core")
                                             $ lines dztempl
                        return $ ("dzslides-core", dzcore) : variables'
                      _         -> return variables'

  -- unescape reference ids, which may contain XML entities, so
  -- that we can do lookups with regular string equality
  let unescapeRefId ref = ref{ refId = fromEntities (refId ref) }

  refs <- mapM (\f -> catch (CSL.readBiblioFile f) $ \e ->
             err 23 $ "Error reading bibliography `" ++ f ++ "'" ++ "\n" ++ show e)
          reffiles >>=
           return . map unescapeRefId . concat

  let sourceDir = if null sources
                     then "."
                     else takeDirectory (head sources)

  let startParserState = def{ stateParseRaw        = parseRaw,
                              stateTabStop         = tabStop,
                              stateLiterateHaskell = "+lhs" `isSuffixOf` readerName' ||
                                                     lhsExtension sources,
                              stateStandalone      = standalone',
                              stateCitations       = map CSL.refId refs,
                              stateSmart           = smart || (texLigatures &&
                                       (laTeXOutput || writerName' == "context")),
                              stateOldDashes       = oldDashes,
                              stateColumns         = columns,
                              stateStrict          = strict,
                              stateIndentedCodeClasses = codeBlockClasses,
                              stateApplyMacros     = not laTeXOutput
                              }

  let writerOptions = def { writerStandalone       = standalone',
                            writerTemplate         = templ,
                            writerVariables        = variables'',
                            writerEPUBMetadata     = epubMetadata,
                            writerTabStop          = tabStop,
                            writerTableOfContents  = toc &&
                                                     writerName' /= "s5",
                            writerHTMLMathMethod   = mathMethod,
                            writerIncremental      = incremental,
                            writerCiteMethod       = citeMethod,
                            writerBiblioFiles      = reffiles,
                            writerIgnoreNotes      = False,
                            writerNumberSections   = numberSections,
                            writerSectionDivs      = sectionDivs,
                            writerStrictMarkdown   = strict,
                            writerReferenceLinks   = referenceLinks,
                            writerWrapText         = wrap,
                            writerColumns          = columns,
                            writerLiterateHaskell  = False,
                            writerEmailObfuscation = if strict
                                                     then ReferenceObfuscation
                                                     else obfuscationMethod,
                            writerIdentifierPrefix = idPrefix,
                            writerSourceDirectory  = sourceDir,
                            writerUserDataDir      = datadir,
                            writerHtml5            = html5,
                            writerChapters         = chapters,
                            writerListings         = listings,
                            writerBeamer           = False,
                            writerSlideLevel       = slideLevel,
                            writerHighlight        = highlight,
                            writerHighlightStyle   = highlightStyle,
                            writerSetextHeaders    = setextHeaders,
                            writerTeXLigatures     = texLigatures
                          }

  when (writerName' `elem` nonTextFormats&& outputFile == "-") $
    err 5 $ "Cannot write " ++ writerName' ++ " output to stdout.\n" ++
            "Specify an output file using the -o option."

  let readSources [] = mapM readSource ["-"]
      readSources srcs = mapM readSource srcs
      readSource "-" = UTF8.getContents
      readSource src = case parseURI src of
                            Just u | uriScheme u `elem` ["http:","https:"] ->
                                       readURI u
                            _       -> UTF8.readFile src
      readURI uri = simpleHTTP (mkRequest GET uri) >>= getResponseBody >>=
                      return . toString  -- treat all as UTF8

  let convertTabs = tabFilter (if preserveTabs then 0 else tabStop)

  let handleIncludes' = if readerName' == "latex" || readerName' == "latex+lhs"
                           then handleIncludes
                           else return

  doc <- (reader startParserState) `fmap` (readSources sources >>=
             handleIncludes' . convertTabs . intercalate "\n")

  let doc0 = foldr ($) doc transforms

  doc1 <- if writerName' == "rtf"
             then bottomUpM rtfEmbedImage doc0
             else return doc0

  doc2 <- do
          if citeMethod == Citeproc && not (null refs)
             then do
                csldir <- getAppUserDataDirectory "csl"
                cslfile' <- if null cslfile
                               then findDataFile datadir "default.csl"
                               else do
                                  ex <- doesFileExist cslfile
                                  if ex
                                     then return cslfile
                                     else findDataFile datadir $
                                            replaceDirectory
                                            (replaceExtension cslfile "csl")
                                            csldir
                processBiblio cslfile' cslabbrevs refs doc1
             else return doc1

  let writeBinary :: B.ByteString -> IO ()
      writeBinary = B.writeFile (encodePath outputFile)

  let writerFn :: FilePath -> String -> IO ()
      writerFn "-" = UTF8.putStr
      writerFn f   = UTF8.writeFile f

  let purewriter = lookup writerName' writers
  let iowriter = lookup writerName' iowriters
  case (purewriter, iowriter) of
        (Nothing, Just iow) -> do
            d <- iow writerOptions doc2
            writerFn outputFile d
        (Nothing, Nothing)
          | writerName' == "epub" ->
              writeEPUB epubStylesheet epubFonts writerOptions doc2
               >>= writeBinary
          | writerName' == "odt"  ->
              writeODT referenceODT writerOptions doc2 >>= writeBinary
          | writerName' == "docx"  ->
              writeDocx referenceDocx writerOptions doc2 >>= writeBinary
          | otherwise -> err 9 ("Unknown writer: " ++ writerName')
        (Just w, _)
          | pdfOutput  -> do
              res <- tex2pdf latexEngine $ w writerOptions doc2
              case res of
                   Right pdf -> writeBinary pdf
                   Left err' -> err 43 $ toString err'
        (Just w, _)
          | htmlFormat && ascii ->
                  writerFn outputFile . toEntities =<< selfcontain result
          | otherwise ->
                  writerFn outputFile =<< selfcontain result
          where result       = w writerOptions doc2 ++ ['\n' | not standalone']
                htmlFormat = writerName' `elem`
                               ["html","html+lhs","html5","html5+lhs",
                               "s5","slidy","slideous","dzslides"]
                selfcontain = if selfContained && htmlFormat
                                 then makeSelfContained datadir
                                 else return