summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/CodingReadme
blob: 46624e9c7d852ee3efcb96e542587147099a54b1 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
This file contains some very brief documentation on things like programming APIs.
Also consult the Yosys manual and the section about programming in the presentation.
(Both can be downloaded as PDF from the yosys webpage.)


--snip-- only the lines below this mark are included in the yosys manual --snip--
Getting Started
===============


Outline of a Yosys command
--------------------------

Here is a the C++ code for a "hello_world" Yosys command (hello.cc):

	#include "kernel/yosys.h"

	USING_YOSYS_NAMESPACE
	PRIVATE_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

	struct HelloWorldPass : public Pass {
		HelloWorldPass() : Pass("hello_world") { }
		virtual void execute(vector<string>, Design*) {
			log("Hello World!\n");
		}
	} HelloWorldPass;

	PRIVATE_NAMESPACE_END

This can be built into a Yosys module using the following command:

	yosys-config --exec --cxx --cxxflags --ldflags -o hello.so -shared hello.cc --ldlibs

Or short:

	yosys-config --build hello.so hello.cc

And then executed using the following command:

	yosys -m hello.so -p hello_world


Yosys Data Structures
---------------------

Here is a short list of data structures that you should make yourself familiar
with before you write C++ code for Yosys. The following data structures are all
defined when "kernel/yosys.h" is included and USING_YOSYS_NAMESPACE is used.

  1. Yosys Container Classes

Yosys uses dict<K, T> and pool<T> as main container classes. dict<K, T> is
essentially a replacement for std::unordered_map<K, T> and pool<T> is a
replacement for std::unordered_set<T>. The main characteristics are:

	- dict<K, T> and pool<T> are about 2x faster than the std containers

	- references to elements in a dict<K, T> or pool<T> are invalidated by
	  insert and remove operations (similar to std::vector<T> on push_back()).

	- some iterators are invalidated by erase(). specifically, iterators
	  that have not passed the erased element yet are invalidated. (erase()
	  itself returns valid iterator to the next element.)

	- no iterators are invalidated by insert(). elements are inserted at
	  begin(). i.e. only a new iterator that starts at begin() will see the
	  inserted elements.

	- the method .count(key, iterator) is like .count(key) but only
	  considers elements that can be reached via the iterator.

	- iterators can be compared. it1 < it2 means that the position of t2
	  can be reached via t1 but not vice versa.

	- the method .sort() can be used to sort the elements in the container
	  the container stays sorted until elements are added or removed.

	- dict<K, T> and pool<T> will have the same order of iteration across
	  all compilers, standard libraries and architectures.

In addition to dict<K, T> and pool<T> there is also an idict<K> that
creates a bijective map from K to the integers. For example:

	idict<string, 42> si;
	log("%d\n", si("hello"));      // will print 42
	log("%d\n", si("world"));      // will print 43
	log("%d\n", si.at("world"));   // will print 43
	log("%d\n", si.at("dummy"));   // will throw exception
	log("%s\n", si[42].c_str()));  // will print hello
	log("%s\n", si[43].c_str()));  // will print world
	log("%s\n", si[44].c_str()));  // will throw exception

It is not possible to remove elements from an idict.

  2. Standard STL data types

In Yosys we use std::vector<T> and std::string whenever applicable. When
dict<K, T> and pool<T> are not suitable then std::map<K, T> and std::set<T>
are used instead.

The types std::vector<T> and std::string are also available as vector<T>
and string in the Yosys namespace.

  3. RTLIL objects

The current design (essentially a collection of modules, each defined by a
netlist) is stored in memory using RTLIL object (declared in kernel/rtlil.h,
automatically included by kernel/yosys.h). You should glance over at least
the declarations for the following types in kernel/rtlil.h:

	RTLIL::IdString
		This is a handle for an identifier (e.g. cell or wire name).
		It feels a lot like a std::string, but is only a single int
		in size. (The actual string is stored in a global lookup
		table.)

	RTLIL::SigBit
		A single signal bit. I.e. either a constant state (0, 1,
		x, z) or a single bit from a wire.

	RTLIL::SigSpec
		Essentially a vector of SigBits.

	RTLIL::Wire
	RTLIL::Cell
		The building blocks of the netlist in a module.

	RTLIL::Module
	RTLIL::Design
		The module is a container with connected cells and wires
		in it. The design is a container with modules in it.

All this types are also available without the RTLIL:: prefix in the Yosys
namespace.

  4. SigMap and other Helper Classes

There are a couple of additional helper classes that are in wide use
in Yosys. Most importantly there is SigMap (declared in kernel/sigtools.h).

When a design has many wires in it that are connected to each other, then a
single signal bit can have multiple valid names. The SigMap object can be used
to map SigSpecs or SigBits to unique SigSpecs and SigBits that consistently
only use one wire from such a group of connected wires. For example:

	SigBit a = module->addWire(NEW_ID);
	SigBit b = module->addWire(NEW_ID);
	module->connect(a, b);

	log("%d\n", a == b); // will print 0

	SigMap sigmap(module);
	log("%d\n", sigmap(a) == sigmap(b)); // will print 1


Example Code
------------

The following yosys commands are a good starting point if you are looking for examples
of how to use the Yosys API:

	manual/CHAPTER_Prog/stubnets.cc
	manual/PRESENTATION_Prog/my_cmd.cc


Notes on the existing codebase
------------------------------

For historical reasons not all parts of Yosys adhere to the current coding
style. When adding code to existing parts of the system, adhere to this guide
for the new code instead of trying to mimic the style of the surrounding code.



Coding Style
============


Formatting of code
------------------

- Yosys code is using tabs for indentation. Tabs are 8 characters.

- A continuation of a statement in the following line is indented by
  two additional tabs.

- Lines are as long as you want them to be. A good rule of thumb is
  to break lines at about column 150.

- Opening braces can be put on the same or next line as the statement
  opening the block (if, switch, for, while, do). Put the opening brace
  on its own line for larger blocks, especially blocks that contains
  blank lines.

- Otherwise stick to the Linux Kernel Coding Stlye:
    https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/CodingStyle


C++ Langugage
-------------

Yosys is written in C++11. At the moment only constructs supported by
gcc 4.6 are allowed in Yosys code. This will change in future releases.

In general Yosys uses "int" instead of "size_t". To avoid compiler
warnings for implicit type casts, always use "GetSize(foobar)" instead
of "foobar.size()". (GetSize() is defined in kernel/yosys.h)

Use range-based for loops whenever applicable.


--snap-- only the lines above this mark are included in the yosys manual --snap--


Creating the Visual Studio Template Project
===========================================

1. Create an empty Visual C++ Win32 Console App project

	Microsoft Visual Studio Express 2013 for Windows Desktop
	Open New Project Wizard (File -> New Project..)

	Project Name: YosysVS
	Solution Name: YosysVS
	[X] Create directory for solution
	[ ] Add to source control

	[X] Console applications
	[X] Empty Projcect
	[ ] SDL checks

2. Open YosysVS Project Properties

	Select Configuration: All Configurations

	C/C++ -> General -> Additional Include Directories
		Add: ..\yosys

	C/C++ -> Preprocessor -> Preprocessor Definitions
		Add: _YOSYS_;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS

3. Resulting file system tree:

	YosysVS/
	YosysVS/YosysVS
	YosysVS/YosysVS/YosysVS.vcxproj
	YosysVS/YosysVS/YosysVS.vcxproj.filters
	YosysVS/YosysVS.sdf
	YosysVS/YosysVS.sln
	YosysVS/YosysVS.v12.suo

4. Zip YosysVS as YosysVS-Tpl-v1.zip



Checklist for adding internal cell types
========================================

Things to do right away:

	- Add to kernel/celltypes.h (incl. eval() handling for non-mem cells)
	- Add to InternalCellChecker::check() in kernel/rtlil.cc
	- Add to techlibs/common/simlib.v
	- Add to techlibs/common/techmap.v

Things to do after finalizing the cell interface:

	- Add support to kernel/satgen.h for the new cell type
	- Add to manual/CHAPTER_CellLib.tex (or just add a fixme to the bottom)
	- Maybe add support to the verilog backend for dumping such cells as expression



Checklist for creating Yosys releases
=====================================

Update the CHANGELOG file:

	cd ~yosys
	gitk &
	vi CHANGELOG


Run all tests with "make config-{clang,gcc,gcc-4.6}":

	cd ~yosys
	make clean
	make test
	make vloghtb
	make install

	cd ~yosys-bigsim
	make clean
	make full

	cd ~vloghammer
	make purge gen_issues gen_samples
	make SYN_LIST="yosys" SIM_LIST="icarus yosim verilator" REPORT_FULL=1 world
	chromium-browser report.html


Then with default config setting:

	cd ~yosys
	make vgtest

	cd ~yosys
	./yosys -p 'proc; show' tests/simple/fiedler-cooley.v
	./yosys -p 'proc; opt; show' tests/simple/fiedler-cooley.v
	./yosys -p 'synth; show' tests/simple/fiedler-cooley.v
	./yosys -p 'synth_xilinx -top up3down5; show' tests/simple/fiedler-cooley.v

	cd ~yosys
	make manual
	- sanity check the figures in the appnotes and presentation
	    - if there are any odd things -> investigate
	    - make cosmetic changes to the .tex files if necessary


Also with default config setting:

	cd ~yosys/techlibs/cmos
	bash testbench.sh

	cd ~yosys/techlibs/xilinx/example_basys3
	bash run.sh


Test building plugins with various of the standard passes:

	yosys-config --build test.so equiv_simple.cc


Finally if a current verific library is available:

	cd ~yosys
	cat frontends/verific/build_amd64.txt
	- follow instructions

	cd frontends/verific
	../../yosys test_navre.ys


Release candiate:

	- create branch yosys-x.y.z-rc and push to github
	- contact the usual suspects per mail and ask them to test
	- post on the reddit and ask people to test
	- commit KISS fixes to the -rc branch if necessary


Release:

	- set YOSYS_VER to x.y.z in Makefile
	- update version string in CHANGELOG
	git commit -am "Yosys x.y.z"

	- push tag to github
	- post changelog on github
	- post short release note on reddit
	- delete -rc branch from github


Updating the website:

	cd ~yosys
	make manual
	make install

	- update pdf files on the website

	cd ~yosys-web
	make update_cmd
	make update_show
	git commit -am update
	make push


In master branch:

	git merge {release-tag}
	- set version to x.y.z+ in Makefile
	- add section "Yosys x.y.z .. x.y.z+" to CHANGELOG
	git commit --amend -am "Yosys x.y.z+"